Re: extent of footbinding in Ming

There's plenty of evidence from the early twentieth century that women with bound feet did agricultural labor, as well as evidence that nonelite women (at least) bound, let out, and rebound their feet over the course of their lifetimes.

See, for example,

Melissa J. Brown, Laurel Bossen, Hill Gates, and Damian Satterthwaite-Phillips. 2012. “Marriage Mobility and Footbinding in Pre-1949 Rural China” Journal of Asian Studies 71(4): 1035–1067 (doi:10.1017/S0021911812001271).

CFP: Greenwood Encyclopedia of the Daily Life of Women

Project Editors are currently seeking contributors for the following Latin American region topics for the forthcoming Greenwood Encyclopedia of the Daily Life of Women: How They Lived from Ancient Times to the Present. International contributors are especially encouraged, including graduate students.  Entries (1000 words each) should focus on women within the roles listed below for the society noted.

For more information, including a request for the entire Headword List, please contact H. Micheal Tarver at


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