If you are anything like me, you probably spend part of your "not-work" time reading things that look suspiciously like work...namely the proliferation of sites and articles online dedicated to the fascinating nexus of food, nutrition, history, identity, and politics. Here are a few links that I have collected over the last month.
Springer Nature has just issued a report on the number of people who read their books when they are available on "Gold" open access as compared to the number of people who read books that are behind a paywall. You can find a press release and the full downloadable report at
The digital age is creating new possibilities for oral history. At recent OHA conferences you may have heard Anisa Puri or me talking about the Australian Generations oral history project. We've been experimenting with a new type of oral history ebook, and are keen to get feedback from oral history colleagues about how they find reading and listening (online) to oral history in this format. And we'd love to hear about other, similar projects.
New online reference for Chinese Buddhist Studies
I write to announce the launch of a new online reference work for the study of Chinese Buddhist texts.
You don't mention what OS. I work on Mac and for many years now there are several capable bibliographical programs that handle Unicode and multiple scripts and symbols. I use Bookends. It's very robust and affordable. Sente is also popular. Zotero, as mentioned above also works. Something called Mendeley is most popular in the sciences. All of these also work as PDF anotators and have cloud back up. I left endnote many years ago because ineffective and expensive.
On the Mac, I use Sente, both to store PDFs and build bibliographies. I also only use diacritics, rather than Arabic script, but it does not seem to have problems with editing in Arabic script, and it sorts diacritics correctly, as far as I can tell. It has a reference format editor where you can build your own custom reference styles, in addition to the built-in variants.
I use BibDesk, a program for Mac computers that has at its basis BibTeX. It handles Unicode very well (though I use only diacritics in my bibliographical entries, not Arabic script). It is primarily designed to be used with LaTeX and its spin-offs (XeLaTeX etc.), but I believe there are ways to use it with word processors. Andrew Goldstone has a helpful page on LaTeX that includes descriptions of BibTex/BibDesk as well (https://andrewgoldstone.com/tex/). This may not be the ideal solution, but I thought I should mention it.
None of the browser-based bibliography managers that I know of are friendly to Unicode, Hijri/miladi dates etc.
Current endnote, tho not super user-friendly, handles all these things just fine, and allows alphabetization exceptions like al-Shalab being alphabetized under "Shalab" which is very useful.
Though costly, Endnote is a pretty useful tool. I should add that I have no connections, get only the academic discount etc. But after some considerable searching around, at least for the Mac Endnote seems best.
Have you tried Zotero? I find it works well with diacritics or with Arabic script. But I'm not sure what exactly you need with "modern editions of primary sources," so I can't speak to that.