Re: English Nationalism and Brexit

Thanks to Ben for these comments. I think that it is not either/or on the question of the 'left-behinds' and English nationalism. Both are component parts of the drive to Brexit. At the mass level I would argue that both English nationalism (especially in the shires as Ben has suggested) and a sense of grievance on the part of those with poor educational qualifications and lower socio economic status contributed to the success of Brexit in England (though some of these factors were at play elsewhere).

Re: English Nationalism and Brexit

Many thanks to Ben for his response to questions and the ongoing discussion. I am adding some additional information on the attitudes of leave voters and those who identify with English identity (rather than British).

A YouGov survey in February 2017 reported that 53% of leave voters wanted the return of the death penalty. 48% of leave voters also wanted a return to pounds and ounces (rather than metric). 52% wanted a return to dark blue passports (rather than the current machine readable burgundy one). 42% wanted a return to corporal punishment in schools.

Re: English Nationalism and Brexit

Thank you Brian and Sasa for your comments and questions.

With regard to Sasa's questions, there has been some sociological research into about the idealised 'Britain' or England held by voters (or at least those surveyed, presuming they vote) by Robin Mann and Steve Fenton in 'Nation, Class and Resentment' (Palgrave, 2017). They found that the idealised past was one of an industrial England where communities were sustained by stable employment in heavy industries.

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