The PRC History Group is pleased to announce a new contribuion in our research papers series: Andrea Piazzaroli Longobardi "What Does a Socialist Factory Produce? Workers in the Chinese Cultural Revolution," http://prchistory.org/prc-history-review/
The PRC History Group is pleased to announce a new issue in the PRC History Review Book Review Series. Bin Xu reviews Emily Honig and Xiaojian Zhao's Across the Great Divide: The Sent-Down Youth Movement in Mao's China, 1968-1980 (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2019), with a response from the authors: http://prchistory.org/prc-history-review/
Considering the limited knowledge of the Red Guards about the outside world and foreign languages, my hypothesis is that it might be just a mistranslation of "American friend".