(5 entries: books, article, chapter in edited volume)
1. Agnieszka Chmielewska, Wyobrażenia polskości. Sztuki plastyczne II Rzeczpospolitej w perspektywie społecznej historii kultury (Warsaw: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, 2019).
Keywords: national art, national style, Second Polish Republic, field of art, post-dependency cultural theory
Abstract: This is an interdisciplinary study in the field of the social history of culture, devoted to the “images of Polishness” which functioned in the fine arts of the Second Polish Republic. The author attempts to reinterpret the works of, among others, Wojciech Kossak, Jacek Malczewski, Zofia Stryjeńska, Władysław Skoczylas, Wojciech Jastrzębowski, and Stanisław Szukalski. Before analysing “images of Polishness” forged in the inter-war period, the author sets up a theoretical framework that: a) outlines the constructivist approach to such key notions as “nation”, “art”, “national art”, and “history”; b) discusses the concept of national art as an idiom characteristic for peripheral artistic spaces (such as Central-Eastern Europe) in contrast to universal modern art produced in the centre; c) examines social functions of national art within two key contexts: the Polish symbolic universe and canon of national culture. The main body of the book consists of two parts presenting historical studies of the “images of Polishness” available in the Polish field of art in the years 1925 and 1937. The idea behind the structure is to demonstrate the difference between the twenties and the thirties, not only in visual arts but also in the socio-political setting.
2. Jerome Krase and Judith N. DeSena, eds. Gentrification around the World, Volume 1: Gentrifiers and the Displaced (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2020).
Keywords: Gentrification, Displacement, Globalization, Multi-Methods, Neoliberalism
Abstract: Bringing together scholarly but readable essays on the process of gentrification, this two-volume collection addresses the broad question: In what ways does gentrification affect cities, neighborhoods, and the everyday experiences of ordinary people? In this first volume of Gentrification around the World, contributors from various academic disciplines provide individual case studies on gentrification and displacement from around the globe: chapters cover the United States of America, Spain, Brazil, Sweden, Japan, Korea, Morocco, Great Britain, Canada, France, Finland, Peru, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Syria, and Iceland. The qualitative methodologies used in each chapter—which emphasize ethnographic, participatory, and visual approaches that interrogate the representation of gentrification in the arts, film, and other mass media—are themselves a unique and pioneering way of studying gentrification and its consequences worldwide.
3. Jerome Krase and Judith N. DeSena, eds. Gentrification around the World, Volume 2: Innovative Approaches (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2020).
Abstract: In what ways does gentrification affect cities, neighborhoods, and the everyday experiences of ordinary people? In this second volume of Gentrification around the World, contributors contemplate different ways of thinking about gentrification and displacement in the abstract and “on-the-ground.” Chapters examine, among other topics, social class, development, im/migration, housing, race relations, political economy, power dynamics, inequality, displacement, social segregation, homogenization, urban policy, planning, and design.
4. Mark Kettler, “What Did Paul Rohrbach Actually Learn in Africa?: The Influence of Colonial Experience on a Publicist’s Imperial Fantasies in Eastern Europe.” German History 38, no. 2 (2020). doi: 10.1093/gerhis/ghaa013
Keywords: The German Empire, Colonialism, Imperialism, Africa, Poland, The Baltics
Abstract: Paul Rohrbach was an influential publicist in Wilhelmine Germany. He also routinely used racial justifications to defend brutal policies for managing the indigenous populations of Germany’s African colonies. In recent years, scholars have interpreted Rohrbach’s promotion of colonialism as evidence that colonial ideas increasingly saturated German political and imperial discourse before and during WWI. His work has thus been cited to support an emerging narrative of pathological continuity, which contends that Wilhelmine German imperialists reflexively drew upon colonial ideologies, experiences, and models to inform increasingly repressive and violent plans to rule ethnically diverse space in Eastern Europe. This article argues that Paul Rohrbach has been misinterpreted. His career represents not the ease with which colonial ideas infiltrated German imperial discourse, but rather the severe reluctance of an ardent colonialist to employ colonial methods in European space. Drawing upon his writings on Africa and his discussions of German war aims in Eastern Europe during WWI, this article demonstrates Rohrbach’s profound unwillingness to structure German imperial expansion in Russia’s Baltic provinces and Congress Poland according to colonial precedents. Differences in the perceived cultural and political sophistication of African, Baltic, and Polish societies convinced Rohrbach that repressive and brutal colonial models of rule would be inefficient or counterproductive for achieving German objectives in Eastern Europe. Indeed, Rohrbach’s studies of colonialism actually reinforced his commitment to decentralization and respect for national diversity as essential instruments for governing politically sophisticated European societies. His experiences in Africa, in other words, steeled his confidence in multinational imperialism.
Chapter in Edited Volume:
5. Wiktor Marzec, “Emotional Community of Nationalist Workers: Performing and Remembering Private Nationalism in Late Russian Poland,” in Emotions and Everyday Nationalism in Modern European History, edited by Andreas Stynen, Maarten Van Ginderachter and Xosé M. Núñez Seixas (London-New York: Routledge, 2020).
Keywords: private nationalism, workers, history of emotions, memory