(4 entries: book, articles)
1. Nancy Sinkoff, From Left to Right: Lucy S. Dawidowicz, the New York Intellectuals, and the Politics of Jewish History (Wayne State University Press, 2020).
2. Jewish History 33 (2020), nos. 1–2
Special issue: Jewish Women in Modern Eastern and East Central Europe
Guest Editors: Elissa Bemporad and Glenn Dynner
Keywords: East European History; Polish-Jewish Studies; Women’s and Gender History/Studies; Jewish History/Studies; violence
Introduction: Jewish Women in Modern Eastern and East Central Europe, 1–6
Marginality without Benefits: Converting Jewish Women in Lithuanian Guberniyas, by Elena Keidošiūtė, 7–27
From Anna Kluger to Sarah Schenirer: Women’s Education in Kraków and Its Discontents, by Rachel Manekin, 29–59
‘To Write? What’s This Torture For?’ Bronia Baum’s Manuscripts as Testimony to the Formation of a Writer, Activist, and Journalist, by Joanna Lisek, 61–113
Humanitarian Encounters: Charity and Gender in Post–World War I Jewish Budapest, by Ilse Josepha Lazaroms, 115–132
Crossing the Line: Violence against Jewish Women and the New Model of Antisemitism in Poland in the 1930s, by Natalia Aleksiun, 133–162
Gender Violence: The 1917–1922 Ukrainian Pogroms and the Challenges of Modernity, by Irina Astashkevich, 163–186
The Toiling Froy and the Speculating Yidene: Discourses of Female Productivization in the Soviet Shtetl, by Deborah Yalen,187–214
‘To Speak for Those Who Cannot’: Masha Rol’nikaite on the Holocaust and Sexual Violence in German-Occupied Soviet Territories, by Anika Walke, 215–244
3. Katarzyna Nowak, “‘To Reach the Lands of Freedom’: Petitions of Polish Displaced Persons to American Poles, Moral Screening and the Role of Diaspora in Refugee Resettlement,” Cultural and Social History 16 (2019), no. 5: 621-642, DOI: 10.1080/14780038.2019.1704348
Keywords: Polish Displaced Persons, resettlement, International Refugee Organization, letters and petitions, diaspora, people’s history
Abstract: In 1949, in the wake of the USA’s Displaced Persons Act of 1948, the American Committee for the Resettlement of Polish Displaced Persons received thousands of letters from refugees of peasant and worker background residing in camps in Germany and Austria. These potential immigrants appealed to the Polish diaspora for help with securing assurances of accommodation and work which would enable them to resettle in the USA. This paper investigates the discursive strategies of the authors and the wider meanings of their emigration endeavour. Firstly, it demonstrates that non-elite Displaced Persons (DPs) adopted the language of martyrology, patriotism, anti-Communism and freedom to maximise their chances of emigration. These DPs did not evoke the language of rights as they appealed to the traditional network of support, based on benevolence and familiarity. Secondly, it argues that the American Poles and Polish social elites played a crucial role in resettlement of the DPs, providing an additional layer of screening, here called ‘the moral screening’. It is an example of how ethnic and cultural communities mediated the resettlement procedures supervised by international humanitarian organisations. Using a ‘history from below’ approach, this article argues that during this episode of migration, political and economic ideological underpinnings intertwined.
4. Katarzyna Nowak, “‘We Would Rather Drown Ourselves in Lake Victoria’: Refugee Women, Protest, and Polish Displacement in Colonial East Africa, 1948–49,” Immigrants & Minorities 37 (2019), nos. 1-2: 92-117, DOI: 10.1080/02619288.2019.1677467
Keywords: Polish refugees, petitions, resistance, displacement, IRO, resettlement
Abstract: During the Second World War, a group of Polish refugees was placed in camps in British colonial East Africa. In 1948, the idea of relocating them to Europe for resettlement purposes brought about a fierce protest action where refugees petitioned prominent figures and organisations. Analysing this incident, the article explores the situation of the refugees on the margins of the mass international aid which emerged in the aftermath of the war. It demonstrates how the refugees negotiated their circumstances and mobilised their resources by engaging with the dominant discourses, including the concept of human rights, to their benefit and in doing so contributed to changing procedures on the ground.