Hi, Colleagues -
I need your guidance and direction. I can't seem to find the actual revenue amount for any Direct Taxes collected in 1798 or any other time from the US Constitution's 3/5ths Clause provision. Having read about 50 books and articles, there is consistent mention of direct taxes but no actual sum. I am looking for national numbers and NJ numbers, and appropriate sources/documentation. Maybe I haven't read the right document, book, academic journal, or summary yet, and that is where I need your help to read an actual source with revenue amounts collected.
Thank you for helping me. I have a project about Wench Betty, a NJ slave murdered by her Monmouth County slave owner in 1784, and wanted to add the discussion of direct taxes.
Maybe I am not artful enough in how I am constructing my question but I know if there is an answer to the amount of direct taxes collected, H-SHEAR is the place for the answer's unveiling.
We all know the language, and this text is from https://www.senate.gov/civics/constitution_item/constitution.htm
Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
Best wishes, and thank you for sharing,
NJ Public Scholar; adjunct faculty; and August 2020 fellow, International Center for Jefferson Studies
Information on Wench Betty -