Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography V. 143.1, 2019 - Issue Abstracts

Paul Chase Discussion


pp. 1 - 1


Abraham Lincoln's Swing State Strategy: Tariff Surrogates and the Pennsylvania Election of 1860 
Phillip W. Magness, pp. 5 - 32

Scholars of the Civil War era have long acknowledged Pennsylvania's pivotal role in the election of 1860. As a key component of Abraham Lincoln's electoral college math, the Keystone State became a primary focus of Republican campaign efforts. Despite its historical significance to the outcome of the election, relatively little attention has been given to a deft political strategy that Lincoln devised and deployed to carry the state. Drawing upon lessons he learned as a young campaigner for Henry Clay's failed presidential bid in 1844, Lincoln tapped a network of surrogates to signal his support for a protectionist tariff policy within the state while remaining intentionally quiet on the national level, where a bold tariff stance would risk repeating Clay's mistakes and alienating a portion of his national electoral coalition. This article uses archival and newspaper records to retrace the steps of Lincoln's tariff strategy in Pennsylvania, stemming from his dispatch of three advisors to the state in July and August 1860 with confidential documents intended for the state's Republican leadership and key newspaper editors. Lincoln's victory in November was partially due to his successful execution of this strategy.

"Lady Architect": The Work and Writings of Minerva Parker Nichols in Late Nineteenth-Century Philadelphia 
Margaret Lester, pp. 33 - 58

This article examines the career of architect Minerva Parker Nichols, the first woman in the country to practice independently. Although her formal independent practice lasted just eight years and was concentrated in the Philadelphia area, Nichols built a portfolio and clientele of architectural and social significance in the late nineteenth century—particularly in her designs for women's clubs and female clients. Although she is rarely recognized today for her contributions to the field of architecture, Minerva Parker Nichols represents one of the earliest case studies of a woman successfully contributing dozens of structures to the American built environment—including spaces explicitly for women—and creating a business model as an independent female architect where none existed.

"Save the Olympia!": Preserving Dewey's Flagship in Twentieth-Century Philadelphia 
Seth C. Bruggeman, pp. 59 - 101

The cruiser Olympia, known widely for its associations with Admiral George Dewey and the 1898 Battle of Manila Bay, has moldered along Philadelphia's Delaware River waterfront ever since being decommissioned there by the US Navy in 1922. Veterans' groups advocated for the ship's preservation, but none succeeded until 1958, when the Cruiser Olympia Association secured rights to restore Olympia and open it to the public as a museum ship. This essay shows how theOlympia's preservation saga endowed shipboard interpretation with ideas about gender, race, and nationalism that, today, undermine possibilities for engaging a new generation of preservation advocates.

Book Reviews

The Western Delaware Indian Nation, 1730–1795: Warriors and Diplomats by Richard S. Grimes (review) 
pp. 103 - 104

Portrait of a Woman in Silk: Hidden Histories of the British Atlantic World by Zara Anishanslin (review) 
pp. 104 - 105

Sentiments of a British-American Woman: Esther DeBerdt Reed and the American Revolution by Owen S. Ireland (review) 
pp. 105 - 106

When the United States Spoke French: Five Refugees Who Shaped a Nation by François Furstenberg (review) 
pp. 107 - 108

Fugitive Science: Empiricism and Freedom in Early African American Culture by Brit Rusert (review) 
pp. 108 - 109

Lucretia Mott Speaks: The Essential Speeches and Sermons ed. by Christopher Densmore et al. (review) 
pp. 109 - 110

Hannah Mary Tabbs and the Disembodied Torso: A Tale of Race, Sex, and Violence in America by Kali Nicole Gross (review) 
pp. 111 - 112

Hope in Hard Times: Norvelt and the Struggle for Community during the Great Depression eds. by Timothy Kelly, Margaret Power, and Michael Cary (review) 
pp. 112 - 113

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania: Balch Institute Fellowships in Ethnic and/or 20th-Century History and Albert M. Greenfield Fellowship in 20th-Century History 2019-2020 
pp. 114 - 114