Query: Help with copyright permissions for Mozambican images from the 1970s

Ippolytos Kalofonos's picture

Dear Colleagues -

I am interested in using a couple images in a forthcoming book and am trying to figure out how to get appropriate permissions.

The first is a poster entitled 25 de junho 1975. Independência de Moçambique by José Freire. The image is here: https://iisg.amsterdam/en/detail?id=https%3A%2F%2Fiisg.amsterdam%2Fid%2Fitem%2F977292. Does anybody know how to get in touch with this artist? I have not found anything online.

The second is one of the famous Xiconhoca cartoons. These were produced by Frelimo in the 1970s and are collected in this volume: FRELIMO. 1979. Xiconhoca – O Inimigo. Maputo: Departamento do Trabalho Ideológico da FRELIMO. I have seen these images used in scholarly work several times and are all over the web and they are not typically attributed to a single artist. My understanding is that government produced images like this are often considered public domain but I'm having trouble figuring out what Mozambican law says.

I would appreciate any leads or advice on these matters - thanks!

Ippolytos Kalofonos MD PhD

UCLA Center for Social Medicine & International Institute

Greater Los Angeles VAMC Department of Psychiatry





Categories: Query

I'm certainly not a copyright lawyer, but given the nature of the Mozambican media and law in the 1970s, I would have thought that copyright resided with the Mozambican state. Why not try to clear it with the embassy? Frankly, though, if you've made a reasonable but unsuccessful effort, and if you were using the images for legitimate scholarly purposes, the prospect of anyone challenging you would be zero.