Panel Convenor: Cláudia Castelo email@example.com
Institution: Centro de Estudos Sociais, Universidade de Coimbra
After WW2, African knowledge was seen as crucial from the point of view of several international actors and became a disputed field. This panel intends to discuss the processes and legacies of the scientific and technical cooperation in Africa, between the post-war and the African independences (circa 1945-1980).
The contributors to the panel should submit papers that analyse the role, features and effective action of scientific and technical cooperation organisations or agents, of inter-imperial, regional or international scope, addressing or taking place in Africa, such as the Commission for Technical Cooperation in Africa South of the Sahara (CCTA), the Scientific Council for Africa (CSA), the Scientific, Technical and Research Commission of the African Unit Organisation (STRC-AUO), United Nations agencies (FAO, UNESCO, WHO), USA governmental or non-governmental bodies, universities and foundations, or the European Economic Commission. The proposals can also focus on the bilateral cooperation promoted by China, Cuba, Eastern Bloc and Western European countries, through the cold war lens. Beyond the politics of scientific and technical cooperation in Africa, it is important to identify and understand the dynamics of competition, emulation and collaboration between the cooperation actors, but also internal tensions and evolutions. In turn, it is worth enquiring how local elites perceived scientific and technical cooperation and its impact in the life of local populations. The submissions may contribute to a comparative appraisal of how science and technology were envisioned and applied to solve African problems, or in other words, the concepts and practices of African development that scientific and technical cooperation conveyed and materialised. How those ideas and experiences resonate in Africa today will be also be examined.