CFP: ‘Levantines as pioneers of Modernization in Industry and Trade in the Ottoman Empire’, 20-21 October 2017 Istanbul, Turkey

The Levantines were a small minority concentrated in the cities of the Ottoman Empire, but their influence on
commerce, ideas and industrialisation was considerable. We would like to explore this theme in the conference and
are keen to attract new and recent research. The scale and scope of their activities was as varied as the Levantines
themselves. They worked both in small shops and giant factory complexes and their legacy survives in their buildings


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