International Workshop: Chinese & Spanish Interactions, Manila 1571-1765 (online)

Adrian Masters's picture
November 27, 2021
Subject Fields: 
Chinese History / Studies, Colonial and Post-Colonial History / Studies, Early Modern History and Period Studies, Immigration & Migration History / Studies, Latin American and Caribbean History / Studies

Dear all,

I'm very happy to announce the International Workshop on Chinese & Spanish Interactions, Manila 1571-1765, November 27, 2021. The program is here. Feel free to drop in! 

The program is here:

The meeting will be online.

The meeting ID is 93829403145, passcode is 401592. The link will be 

All times are in CET (Central European Time). 

8:30, Opening Statements: Adrian Masters

8:45-10:45, Session 1: Spanish-on Chinese Violence in Manila, 1603-1765

  • Eberhard Crailsheim, "Mistrust: Spanish-Chinese relations in the context of the 1603 confrontation in Manila"
  • Anna Busquets, "Entangled histories in Manila: Spaniards & Chinese in the 1662 Chinese uprising"
  • Kristie Flannery, "Empire by Expulsion: The Forced Repatriation of Chinese Migrants from Manila in Global Context"

11:00-12:15, Session 2: Spanish Chinese Exchange & Communication in the 16th to 18th centuries

  • Birgit Tremml-Werner "Encountering Chinese in the 1700s Philippines"
  • Guillermo Ruiz-Stovel, "Competition & Cooperation: Chinese & non-Chinese Merchant Networks in Manila's Intra-Asian Trade"

15:15-16:30, Session 3: Sources of Violence, Violence in Sources

  • Adrian Masters, "Writing about Spanish Chinese Violence in Habsburg Manila"
  • Ryan Crewe, "The Bread Libel of 1686: Conflict & Convivencia in 1600s Manila"

17:00-18:15, Session 4: Thinking Globally about Manila's Chinese Residents

  • J.N. Sánchez, "Chinese & Spanish interactions in the 1600s as reflected by Jesuit moral cases"
  • Lucille Chia, "Chinese Domestic and Overseas Migration in Early Modern Times"

8:15, Closing Statement: Prof. Dr. Renate Dürr, University of Tübingen

Here is the workshop's premise:

"Early modern Spanish-ruled Manila was a cosmopolitan trade city inhabited by countless peoples and faiths. It played a crucial role in tying together history’s first truly global trade networks, along with Macao and Batavia. Few groups were more important to the city’s economic survival and military-administrative stability than the sangleyes, Chinese – and mostly Hokkienese - merchants and their dependents. They always outnumbered the Spanish and their allies in the city's vicinity, reaching a peak of some 40,000 in the 1630s. On at least five occasions (1597, 1603, 1639, 1662, and 1686) the Spanish and their Japanese, part-Chinese (‘mestizo’), Tagalog, Papanga, Mardica, and Afro-descendant allies and slaves battled armed and unarmed sangley groups, in three cases culminating in major massacres of Chinese. However, each year more sangleyes arrived in Manila. Indeed, the city’s relations between subjects falling into the umbrella categories ‘Spaniards’ and ‘Chinese’ remained permanently fraught, and yet both groups were inextricably bound together in a city where Spanish rule stubbornly persevered until 1898.

This workshop asks: How did the Chinese shape early modern Manila? How were the city’s quick demographic recoveries possible? And how did Chinese-Spanish interactions create the possibility of both everyday interactions and explosive violence? It is keenly interested in the historical particulars of coexistence and violence. However, it is especially concerned in critical and theoretical matters; the reasons for which contemporaries created documents describing violence and coexistence, the motivations of those who wrote and preserved these texts, as well as the explanatory tools which scholars today use to account for such complex and elusive topics. Approaches which consider the perspectives of Chinese, Spanish, and other subjects are of particular importance."



Contact Info: 

Dr. Adrian Masters

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