From Peace to War, from War to Peace/Conflict Initiation and Termination: Implications for Policy Makers

Hans-Peter Kriemann's picture
Call for Papers
May 15, 2021
Subject Fields: 
Military History, Political History / Studies, Social Sciences, Peace History / Studies


CSWG - The 20th Annual Conference of the Euro-Atlantic Conflict Studies Working Group of the Partnership for Peace Consortium of Defense Academies and Security Studies Institutes

27 September - 1 October 2021 in Košice, Slovakia

From Peace to War, from War to Peace/Conflict Initiation and Termination: Implications for Policy Makers


The decision to enter or quit war is part of a complex process. It involves specific circumstances and particular dynamics that shape the options and choices of the international actors. National interests, strategic imperatives, changing typology of threats, insecurity feelings or just inertia are factors that can be considered when discussing the issue of war and peace. However, a closer look into the war-peace dilemma allows us to decipher a more diverse picture that is not only connected to the military or political considerations but also involves other components like society, public opinion, economy, cultural traditions, propaganda, hybrid strategies etc.

Recent military developments have highlighted new trends in warfare that require new perspectives and approaches that may help to get a better understating of the nature of war, its features and its management prospects. Looking back at the last two centuries, the key questions are: Is war terminated or just prolonged with other means, tactics and strategies? To what extent can war be prevented and how can it be terminated in order to generate peace? How can peace be managed to avoid war?

The aim of the 20th annual conference of the Euro-Atlantic Conflict Studies Working Group is to look deeper into the dynamics that influence decisions for entering and quitting armed conflict. Both military and non-military factors are to be considered (societal culture, propaganda, military traditions, resilience capacity, etc). Historical experiences can provide relevant examples and lessons that may help to better adapt the national defense systems to cope with current and future challenges. We encourage historical as well as contemporary analyses of specific case studies that bring valuable insights into a complex and complicated topic that needs further research and consideration.

The key thematic areas to be addressed may include the following topics:

  • Great power competition as a driver of war. Why do wars start and why do they end?
  • The role of alliances and coalition warfare in the initiation and termination of war;
  • The impact of non-military factors in shaping the decisions of policy makers concerning war and peace: propaganda and disinformation; role of archetypes in conflict initiation; the role of public opinion, national resilience, etc.
  • Public support for war - how does society influence the political and military decisions? The impact of military culture and societal approaches to war and peace;
  • Economy and war – forecast vs reality;
  • Changing typologies of war, reshaping peace and building resilience (e.g. hybrid war, cyber warfare, internal disturbances, etc);
  • War endings and challenges of peace: from the major conflicts of the 20th century to current military interventions. Factors to be considered: army demobilization, post-conflict reconstruction (military and non-military factors), re-integration of the military, etc.;
  • Resources, damages, population changes, migration, ecology. 


All academic and military personnel concerned with the topic is invited to participate – both as presenters and as auditors. If interested in presenting a paper kindly submit an abstract of the proposed paper (up to 500 words in English), and a short biography of the author. The abstract proposals should be sent via e-mail to and The conference will be held in English (and only English-language papers are accepted). The aim is to publish all presentations as small essays by the Centre of Military History and Social Sciences in order to generate a printed overview of the international research on the topic. We kindly ask all presenters to hand in their essays (up to 6000 words in English) until 31 August 2021.


The Conference will be held at the historical hall of the Rectorate of the Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice. The participants will be accommodated at the Double Tree by Hilton Hotel Košice at a special price (single bed 79 Euro/night, double bed 95 Euro/night). Please use the password “CSWG 2021” when booking the hotel.


For further information concerning the administrative/logistical arrangements, you can contact:


The participants will cover their own travel costs and accommodation.

There will be a registration fee of 100 EUR.


Important deadlines:

Abstract submission:                                                 31 May 2021

Notification of abstract acceptance:                         30 June 2021

Paper submission (for publication):                          31 August 2021

Day of arrival:                                                            27 September 2021

Day of departure:                                                       01 October 2021


The Conflict Studies Working Group is an important body in establishing a permanent international dialogue on historical research from a wide range of national experiences. We look forward to your continued participation and support in Košice in 2021. Please pass this information to any colleagues who do not normally receive our notices. We would be delighted to see them here as well.


Contact Info: 

Matej Medvecky, Institute of Military History, Bratislava, Slovakia <>

Hans-Peter Kriemann, Bundeswehr Center of Military History and Social Sciences, Potsdam, Germany <>

Contact Email: