New Resources on the Intersection of Racism and Religious Intolerance

Danielle Boaz's picture
Online Digital Resources
North Carolina,
Subject Fields: 
Black History / Studies, Human Rights, Law and Legal History, Religious Studies and Theology, Race / Ethnic Studies

Over the last few years, Evangelized drug traffickers and other extremists have carried out hundreds of assaults against devotees of Afro-Brazilian religions such as Candomblé and Umbanda. Aside from a few scattered news articles, these systematic assaults have received little attention outside of Brazil. In the hope of encouraging scholars to study or teach about these cases (which can be useful to enhance discussions about racism, Afro-Latin America, and religious extremism, among other things), I have published a report, two interactive maps, and a detailed spreadsheet about hundreds of incidents of intolerance against Afro-Brazilian religions that have occurred since the start of the 21st century. These resources are available at Please consider incorporating these materials into your classes and/or using them in your research.    

I am available by email to answer questions or to provide more information. Additionally, if you know of cases of intolerance against African diaspora religions that are not listed on the website, in Brazil or other parts of the world, please feel free to forward them to me. I am working with several other scholars and activists to expand these resources. All materials are currently in English. A Portuguese version is forthcoming. 

Danielle N. Boaz 

Email:; Twitter:@religiousracism  

Stuart Hall Fellow, Hutchins Center for African and African American Research (2019-2020) 

Assistant Professor of Africana Studies, University of North Carolina at Charlotte 

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