Moulding Democratic Citizens: Democracy and Education in Europe’s Twentieth Century

Phillip Wagner's picture
November 7, 2019 to November 9, 2019
Subject Fields: 
Childhood and Education, European History / Studies, Political History / Studies, Modern European History / Studies, German History / Studies
Fierce political conflicts in twentieth-century Europe revolved around the key questions of what democratic citizenship meant and how it might be promoted. In exploring these controversies, this workshop aims to attain a more sophisticated understanding of democracy's contested history and of the backdrop to present-day discourses on a crisis of political culture.
7 November 2019:
15:00-15:30 Welcome and Introduction
Daniel Fulda (Halle): Opening address
Till Kössler (Halle) and Phillip Wagner (Halle): Introduction

15:30-17:00 Panel 1: Ambiguities of Postwar Reform: Citizenship and Education in the Interwar Period
Chair: Jens Elberfeld (Halle)
Tiina Kinunnen (Oulu): Democracy, Citizenship and Education as Key Concepts in Ellen Key’s Vision of Europe
Anne Otto (Halle): “Democratising” the Working-Class Youth? Education and Politics during the Weimar Republic.

17:30-19:00 Keynote Lecture
Chair: Phillip Wagner (Halle)
Paweł Karolewski (Leipzig): Caesarean Politics and Dynamics of Citizenship

8 November 2019:
09:30-11:00 Panel 2: The Many Quests for Postwar Citizenship: Politics and Education in Western Europe after 1945
Chair: Phillip Wagner (Halle)
Zoé Kergomard (Paris): Enforcing a “moral duty” to vote? Citizenship education as a contested answer to the “problem of abstention” in post-war Switzerland (1950s-1980s)
Chris Jeppesen (Cambridge): Locating ‘Parent Power’ in the History of post-1945 British Secondary Education

11:30-13:00 Panel 2: Multiple Reeducations: Post-1945 Europe between Fascism and Democracy
Chair: Till Kössler (Halle)
Lisbeth Matzer (Cologne): Gender and Democracy: Gendered Citizenship Education in Austria’s Adult Education since the 1950s
Claudia Gatzka (Freiburg): Teachers of Democracy: The Old Left and Post-Fascist Voters in Italy and West Germany after 1945

14:30-16:00 Panel 2 continued
Chair: Till Kössler (Halle)
Florian Heßdörfer (Leipzig): No Partners, no Enemies: Imagining the Democratic Society in West Germany’s Postwar Educational Theory

Sonja Levsen (Freiburg): “Une et indivisible”: Citizenship Education and the Fear of Division in France, 1945-1980s

16:30-18:00 Roundtable on the History of Democracy
Chair: Till Kössler (Halle) / Phillip Wagner (Halle)
Maria Falina (Dublin)
Harm Kaal (Nijmegen)
Hedwig Richter (Hamburg)

9 November 2019:
09:00-10:30 Panel 4: Visions of a Participatory Citizenship: East and West after 1968
Chair: Pia Eiringhaus (Halle)
Michal Šimáně and Jiří Zounek (Brno): Primary Education and Teaching Profession in Czechoslovakia between the Prague Spring and the Velvet Revolution
Sian Edwards (Winchester): “Are you a Green Guide?” Conservation, Environmentalism and Citizenship in the British Girl Guide Organisation during the Long 1980s

10:45-12:15 Panel 5: Democratic Citizenship between Communitarianism and ‘Neoliberalism’
Chair: Sandra Wenk (Halle)
Wim de Jong (Nijmegen): Citizenship Education in the Netherlands and the Paradox of Paternalism, 1966-2018
Lukas Held (Zurich): Motivational Technology, the Production of the Entrepreneurial Mind, and the Marriage of Capitalism and Democracy in West Germany

12:15-13:00 Conclusive discussion
Contact Info: 


Till Kössler (Halle)

Phillip Wagner (Halle)