For centuries, the study of time was one of the main academic interests in the field of Humanities. However, in the second half of the 20th century, most scholars and philosophers shifted their focus to the question of space. This, termed “spatial turn” by Soja in 1989, encouraged the foundation of new approaches and perspectives whose main goal was to elucidate the “spatiality” (Tally, 2013) of beings as a result of their interaction with their physical surroundings.
Even though this new “era of space” was explicitly acknowledged and labelled as such (“l’époque de l’espace”) by Foucault in 1967, Gaston Bachelard’s La Poétique de l’espace, published in 1958, proved to be a turning point in the development of this perspective. In this work, Bachelard explores the experiences that result from human interactions with architecture through what the author termed “topoanalysis”: a method that uses psychology as a research tool for the study of the spaces and places that we inhabit.
The interest in studying this in the field of the arts has increased significantly in recent years, and is especially noticeable in the case of literary creations. Scholars today –particularly comparatists– are paying more attention to the rediscovered relevance and symbolic value of the geographic connections present in literary works. Likewise, the links between human beings and their physical surroundings stand out as a significant matter of study in the field. They have, indeed, been approached from a variety of perspectives, such as Ecologism and Marxism, mainly via the analysis of cultural creations and the impact of human communities in the territory.
The popularity of this kind of approaches has varied throughout history, and not all disciplines have been equally receptive to the notions underpinning them. While Ecocriticism and Geocriticism are well respected and established in literary studies, research fields like those of medieval studies, history, history of art, and classical studies seem to be rather detached from these perspectives.
The growing influence of Ecocriticism and Geocriticism is especially noticeable in digital humanities. The bridges recently built between these fields are already proving to be productive, as they have led to the development of new tools, approaches, and methodologies, such as deep mapping techniques and the spatial humanities. In the same way, the technical progress encouraged by the advancement of the internet and computer science has fostered the emergence of new habitats that suggest the need for a reinterpretation of the Bachelardian theories and the way we construct our identities in space.
Soja, Rueckert, Foucault and Bachelard’s iconic works will be 30, 40, 50, and 60 years old in 2018 and 2019. The time seems to be just right for reflecting on our task as researchers in the Era of Space – how have the disciplines evolved in recent years? Do we need to redefine the key concepts regarding space and place? Has our relationship with territory changed? Have we produced new ways of inhabiting space? It is our opinion that not only we need to rethink our answers to these questions, maybe even articulate new ones, but also we believe it necessarily needs to be done from the unavoidable perspective of the place from which we call on you: Galiza.
Among the guest speakers will be Robert T. Tally Jr. (Texas State University), Marilar Aleixandre (USC), Federico López Silvestre (USC) and the members of the project Eco-Fictions. Nevertheless, other scholars will be confirmed soon.
Call for papers
Proposals must include an abstract of 250-300 words and a brief biographical note, and should be linked to the research line that relates to your subject the most. Your proposal will then be reviewed by the scientific committee.
Presentations should not exceed 20 minutes. Every intervention will be followed by a Q&A session. Accepted languages include Galiza, Portuguese, Spanish, Catalan and English.
Deadline: 10 December 2018.
We are looking for presentations which, from different disciplines or perspectives, approach the question of space. Below you will find a number of suggested topics and a recommended bibliography (these are non-exclusive, and you might suggest other related topics):
Reviews or contemporary readings of consolidated works or authors, like Gaston Bachelard or Edward Soja.
Reflections on the current state of research perspectives, such as Ecocriticism or Geocriticism.
Space and new technologies: how the digital humanities have influenced research methodologies (spatial humanities or digital environmental humanities), virtual reality, new habitats, etc.
The reception of the spatial turn beyond literary studies: theoretical perspectives or analyses related with history of art, anthropology, architecture or philosophy.
'Diachronic' readings: space in other time periods or cultures, such as Antiquity or Middle Ages.
Non-anthropocentric conceptions: bodyless spaces, animality or sacred geographies.
The relations between human beings and the territory.
César Pablo Domínguez Prieto (USC) - President
Manuel Magán Abollo (USC) - Secretary
Belén Quinteiro Pulleiro (UB)
Cristina Rueda Lesmes (USC)
Guillermo Rodríguez Alonso (USC)
Manuela Palacios González (USC)
María Xesús Nogueira Pereira (USC)
Alessandro Scafi (The Warburg Institute)
Ana Paula Coutinho (UP)
Antonino Firenze (UPF)
Arantxa Fuentes Ríos (USC)
Fernando Cabo Aseguinolaza (USC)
Gonçalo Vilas-Boas (UP)
Joan Nogué (UdG)
Juan Manuel Monterroso Montero (USC)
Laura María Lojo Rodríguez (USC)
María Victoria Chico Picaza (UCM)
Mitzi E. Martínez Guerrero (USC)
Susana Araújo (ULisboa)