In Between? Urban-Rural Relations, Tourism and Social Mobility in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Call for contributions, Rural History Yearbook 2019
Urban and rural spaces are and have been deeply intertwined for centuries. This kind of interconnection is subject to historical change. A variety of new social forms of mobility strengthened and increased the intervowenness. In the 19th and 20th centuries, due to tourism, an increasing number of visitors, at first primarily from urban areas, flocked to rural regions. This lead to profound economical, socio-ecological, and cultural changes in these regions. In order to ensure supply and discharge, mobility and entertainment of the fluctuating groups and live up to the standards of the urban visitors, respective infrastructure had to be developed. Former peripheral regions were therefore integrated into supra-regional networks of mobility, energy supply and communication and hence urbanized in a way; therefore, although they often retained the character of rural settlements, they also cultivated this character in the sense of an “invention of tradition” (Eric Hobsbawm/Terence Ranger).
Consequences of the touristic transformation of rural areas include the conflictual negotiation of the relation between innovation and tradition in local societies as well as between autochthonous and imported values, and between traditional and imported economic systems and forms of land use. Ultimately, different groups are striving for their say in the question “Who owns the summer?” (Ovar Löfgren). Land consumption and the transformation of the landscape have emerged as acute problems in many areas. In addition, demographic changes, like those rooted in touristic labour migration, are one of the side effects of touristic transformation which ought to be analyzed. Finally, the permanent settlement of former tourists or the establishment of secondary residences as private property are areas under investigation, which need to be highlighted. Transportation services, which were initially dependent on rails and later on the streets as well as the subsequent emergence of private transport lead to the growth of viable commuting distances between scenically and therefore touristically attractive housing areas and urban centers; which makes a further important aspect in the context of the blurring urban-rural borders.
Whether the relationship between urban and rural areas developed in the sense of a “fair play” (Matthew Klingle) due to mobility, tourism, and (local) recreation in the 19th and 20th centuries is another intriguing question.
Rural History Yearbook invites papers which focus on the outlined research area on the basis of regional case studies, or apply a comparative perspective and/or as a conceptual-methodological reflection. We ask for proposals (abstract of approximately 5,000 characters, short scientific CV including a list of a maximum of ten own publications).
Deadline for submissions of proposals: 31 July 2017; Deadline for the submission of the manuscripts: 31 January 2018.
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University of Salzburg
5020 Salzburg, Austria