Finding a way to deal with a violent past following events such as civil war, the end of an authoritarian regime or occupation, is often argued to be the basis for lasting peace, democracy and rule of law. International advocacy networks, norms and legal frameworks support national and local actors in the design of mechanisms and processes like truth commissions, tribunals or commemorations. The interactions of these actors shape whether a particular dealing with the past process succeeds in being locally relevant and effective. This course examines the potentials and challenges of designing and implementing dealing with the past processes, and the ways in which actors can work together for effective policy decision-making. Engaging with key debates in the field, it focuses on how to ensure that dealing with the past processes support the transformation of violent conflicts.