TRIGGERS AND TENSIONS OF VIOLENCE: GENDER AND SECURITY ISSUES IN AFRICA

MUTIAT TITILOPE OLADEJO's picture

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Type: 
Call for Papers
Location: 
Nigeria
Subject Fields: 
African History / Studies, Colonial and Post-Colonial History / Studies, Diplomacy and International Relations, Women's & Gender History / Studies, Peace History / Studies

CALL FOR BOOK CHAPTERS

 

TRIGGERS AND TENSIONS OF VIOLENCE: GENDER AND SECURITY ISSUES IN AFRICA

 

Manifestation and dimensions of violence differ across African societies. Conflict situations and violence are undulating and unpredictable as nation states are vulnerable to socio-economic, political and environmental problems in contemporary Africa. Triggers and tensions of conflict and violence feature gender questions in issues of banditry, kidnapping, insurgency, coup de et at, arson, reprisal attacks, misinformation and biased reporting, ethnic and religious stereotyping, farmer-herder conflicts among others. While some states in Africa are evolving from the relics of war and crises such as in Rwanda, Zimbabwe, Somalia, Uganda, other states are contending with insurgencies, political instabilities and uprisings. Yet, some African nations like Nigeria is highly indebted in the bid to improve infrastructural development and security. In spite of these challenges, the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) is a new pathway to open up African economies to global commerce, which of course has lots of implication for livelihoods and l industrial development. Realities of violence, crises and conflict have shown how vulnerable women are to the issues of rape, mob attacks, nude stripping, sexual assault, female suicide terrorism, kidnapping, among others. Few states in Africa with women’s involvement in governance seems to have witnessed some levels of stability in recent times. For example, Rwanda is ranked high in female representation in governance, while Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s government in Liberia helped in stabilizing the state after years of war.  In the peace and stabilization processes, women’s involvement have proven to be significant in post-conflict development. Invariably, gender issues are critical in the understanding of how security and violence evolve and unfolds in Africa.

 

The editors welcome abstracts of not more than 200words on issues revolving around the following questions:

  • To what extent was African societies violent in the precolonial era and how does it affect or involve women?
  • How best can gender issues be theorized in the triggers to violence in Africa?
  • Are African nationalist ideologies gender biased to have left out women in governance or do non-involvement of women in governance matter in political crises and wars?
  • Of what impact is female suicide terrorism and what are the implications for rehabilitation and re-integration?
  • In what ways are environmental, socio-economic and political crisis in Africa interconnect with the women and gender issues?
  • Do men and women experience mob attacks similarly?
  • What other hidden mechanisms contribute to women’s insecurity and violence against women?
  • Should gender be factored in the policies of African states and how does it matter in issues of security and violence?
  • Will domestication of Violence against Persons Prohibition Acts (VAPP) reduce women’s vulnerability to violence in domestic and public spaces?
  • In what ways can social, political and economic security matter to African women?
  • How genuine are global interventions in peace processes for development of women’s welfare in Africa?
  • How has colonialism and neocolonialism impact on women’s encounter of conflict and crises in Africa?

The deadline for the submission of abstract is November 15, 2021. Abstracts should be submitted via email to gendersec2022@gmail.com

About the editors:

Sharon A. Omotoso Ph.D is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, where she heads the Institute’s Women’s Research and Documentation Centre (WORDOC) and serves as a member of the Institute’s Scientific Committee. She is regularly published having served as Editor, Women’s Political Communication in Africa (Springer, 2020); Co-editor, Gender based violence in Nigeria and beyond, (Institute for Peace and Strategic Studies, University of Ibadan, 2016) and Political Communication in Africa (Springer Publisher, 2017) among others. She has won travel grants across Continents and serves on the board of academic and Non-Governmental Organizations. Dr Omotoso speaks regularly at academic and social events where she delivers seminars, keynote speeches, and workshops on topics related to gender issues, media education, public ethics and political communication. She features on Radio and TV public education programs across Nigeria and she is producer of an indigenous radio education program on women in politics and development. She has organized and facilitated seminars and workshops on topics related to women’s rights, sexual violence, media education, public ethics and political communication. On this, she has worked with organizations including FORD FOUNDATION, Nigerian Women Trust Fund, NATO, INEC, UNESCO, UN Women among others.

 

Mutiat T. Oladejo Ph.D is a lecturer in the Department of History, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. She is a fellow of American Council of Learned Societies and the author Ibadan Market Women and Politics, 1900-1995 (published by Lexington Books, USA, 2015) and The Women Went Radical: Petition Writing and Colonial State in Southwest Nigeria, 1900-1953 (published by Book Builders Edition Africa, Nigeria, 2019). She is a CODESRIA Meaning-Making Research Initiative grant recipient in the theme: Women Encountering Mob Justice: Manifestation of Security Challenges in Nigeria. She is a Co-Investigator in the GCRF/UKRI Funded Research on Shifting Notions of Fatherhood and Motherhood and Improved Well Being of Children in Africa, ARUA Centre of Excellence in Notions of Identity, School of Women and Gender Studies, Makerere University Uganda (collaborating from University of Ibadan). She is also a Postdoctoral fellow of Islamic Development Bank. She has served as research consultant in the Women’s Political and Economic Empowerment Project at the Centre for Democracy and Development, and also with the Nigerian Women Trust Fund, Abuja, (Nigeria). Recently, she consulted as a historian to account for the history of Nigerian health systems in the Lancet Nigeria Commission Project funded by the UCL’s Institute of Global Health. She has articles published in books and journals. Her co-edited books are: Social Protection in Africa: A Study of Paradigms and Contexts and What Should Women Want? Before and Beyond: Selected Essays to Commemorate WORDOC’s 30thAnniversary. She is a member of the editorial board of Nigerian Journal of Child and Adolescent Health. Dr. Oladejo is a researcher that examines the cross-cutting themes in African history and gender studies. She has attended international workshops and conferences in Ghana, Benin Republic, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Cote de Ivoire, Uganda and Germany.

 

 

Temitope Y. Bello Ph.D studied Political Science at the University of Ilorin. She obtained both MA and Ph.D degrees in Peace and Conflict Studies from the Institute for Peace and Strategic Studies, University of Ibadan. She works as a Lecturer in the Department of Political Science and International Studies, Crescent University, Abeokuta. She is a grant recipient in the 2018/2019 CODESRIA-funded Meaning-Making Research Initiative that interrogates mob justice encountered by women and the human security implications. She is one of the team of researchers working on the Institute for Peace and Strategic Studies’ 24-months TETFUND National Research Fund project titled: Developing Standard for Monitoring, Assessment and Evaluation of Peace and Conflict Management Projects in the North East, Nigeria with effect from July, 2019. She won a travel grant to partake as one of the Speakers in the inaugural annual Denmark-Africa Dialogue at United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Ethiopia on the theme: "strengthening Conflict Resilience through Prevention and Youth Engagement" in November 2019. She is a recipient of MIASA Writing School scholarship in 2021 where she writes on urban poverty and women’s tricycle livelihood in Ibadan. Some of these engagements have produced or in the process of producing academic publications. With research interests covering human security and media studies, her scholarly contributions include published papers on leadership and community mobilization in peace-building, the context and content of television-driven peacemaking, mob justice and the social media, human security as well as youth empowerment as a corporate social responsibility in Nigeria. As a chartered mediator and conciliator, Temitope also has a professional background in the realm of seeking alternatives to formal court settlements which has influenced her scholarly works that are related to Alternative Dispute Resolution.

 

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Mutiat Oladejo

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