Eugenics on the Web -- June 2020

Amy Carney's picture

Numerous CRISPR articles were published this week, including articles that examine

 

the advent of new DNA editing tools called dual base editors:

https://cen.acs.org/biological-chemistry/gene-editing/21-base-editors-make-two/98/i22

 

the stock performances of several biotech companies:

https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/why-editas-medicine-is-now-the-crispr-stock-to-really-watch-2020-06-03

 

the collaboration between two pharmaceutical companies to develop therapeutic agents, including for hemophilia:

https://finance.yahoo.com/news/regeneron-expands-deal-intellia-hemophilia-150903681.html

 

how CRISPR could be used to treat cancer:

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-crispr-advance-key-quandary.html

and

https://www.genengnews.com/news/cancer-tumor-mutation-used-as-potential-tracking-device-for-crispr-deployment/

 

a genome editing consortium created by the Israeli government:

https://www.calcalistech.com/ctech/articles/0,7340,L-3830112,00.html

and

https://www.jpost.com/health-science/pluristem-joins-crispr-il-to-develop-next-gen-genome-editing-products-630337

 

using CRISPR as part of the development of a Covid vaccine:

https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesbusinessdevelopmentcouncil/2020/06/01/transformative-science-in-a-pandemic-era/#1c0cc24f6b9b

 

using CRISPR to develop an at-home test for Covid:

https://www.cbc.ca/radio/day6/dysfunction-in-long-term-care-the-meaning-of-karen-zunzi-crispr-covid-19-tests-baroness-von-sketch-more-1.5588200/researchers-hope-crispr-gene-editing-technology-can-yield-rapid-at-home-covid-19-test-1.5588213

 

 

 

In the news this week:

 

a short interview with Renee Tajima-Peña about her films, including No Más Bebés, about immigrant mothers who were sterilized in California:

https://ashlandtidings.com/revels/backstage/rogue-award-winner-talks-about-her-films 

 

an article discussing the relationship among abortion, social justice, and liberal eugenics:

https://www.ncregister.com/blog/grondelski/abortion-and-social-justice-the-case-of-liberal-eugenics

 

two student petitions:

Alberta high school students have requested a name change for their school because their current namesake was a supporter of eugenics:

https://www.660citynews.com/2020/06/08/students-calling-for-calgary-high-school-to-change-its-racist-name/

 

University of Cambridge students have requested that a window commemorating Ronald Fisher be removed:

https://thetab.com/uk/cambridge/2020/06/08/online-petition-calls-for-stained-glass-window-commemorating-eugenicist-r-a-fisher-to-be-removed-from-cambridge-college-hall-138624

 

a statement from the president of the University of Southern California about removing the name and bust of former president, Rufus Von KleinSmid, from a building on campus because of his support for eugenics:

https://www.president.usc.edu/a-message-to-the-usc-community-from-president-folt/

 

several articles referencing a report compiled by University College London regarding its past connection to eugenics, especially Karl Pearson and Francis Galton:

https://www.ucl.ac.uk/provost/reports/report-and-recommendations (this is the report from February)

 

a debate on a British morning talk show about Winston Churchill and eugenics:

https://www.leicestermercury.co.uk/whats-on/whats-on-news/piers-morgan-clashes-gmb-guest-4210800

 

an article on the displacement of aboriginals from their land in late 19th century Australia based on then-prevalent notions of race:

https://lens.monash.edu/@politics-society/2020/06/11/1380653/australias-history-is-complex-and-confronting-and-needs-to-be-known-and-owned-now

 

an opinion piece on the effect of the bio revolution, which includes CRISPR:

https://www.statnews.com/2020/06/08/bio-revolution-changing-business-society/

 

and some other updates on using CRISPR

for Covid testing:

https://delawarebusinesstimes.com/news/christianacare-mit-stanford-covid-19-testing/

and

https://www.genomeweb.com/business-news/sherlock-biosciences-idt-collaborate-manufacture-crispr-based-sars-cov-2-testing-kits

and

https://www.forbes.com/sites/katiejennings/2020/06/10/the-under-30-alums-racing-to-develop-at-home-coronavirus-tests-with-crispr/#1891d5fa6b7c

 

to edit bone marrow cells and possibly eliminate the need for blood transfusions in cases of beta thalassaemia and sickle cell disease:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2246020-three-people-with-inherited-diseases-successfully-treated-with-crispr/

 

to develop a treatment for hemophilia:

https://hemophilianewstoday.com/2020/06/08/regeneron-intellia-expand-collaboration-develop-crispr-cas9-based-hemophilia-treatments/

 

          to study glaucoma:

https://www.genengnews.com/news/human-stem-cell-model-and-crispr-used-to-identify-degeneration-in-glaucoma/

 

          to eliminate cat allergies:

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/931975

 

 

In the news this week:

 

At universities:

 

The Michigan State University Graduate Employees Union started a petition to remove a senior vice president based on his advocacy of eugenics:

https://statenews.com/article/2020/06/michigan-state-geu-calls-to-remove-vp-research-administrator-stephen-hsu?ct=content_open&cv=cbox_latest

 

An assistant professor of biology at San Francisco State explores how eugenics has shaped her field:

http://genestogenomes.org/understanding-our-eugenic-past-to-take-steps-towards-scientific-accountability/

 

The University of Southern California student newspaper has an update on students’ efforts to rename a campus building that had originally been named for past president and eugenics-supporter Rufus Von Kleid-Smid:

https://dailytrojan.com/2020/06/16/an-overdue-outcome-students-multi-year-advocacy-efforts-lead-to-institutional-change/

 

The Board of Trustees at the University of South Carolina will review a petition to rename a residence hall; its current namesake, physician J. Marion Sims, was an early supporter of eugenics:

https://www.wltx.com/article/life/movement-to-rename-sims-hall-gaining-steam-before-trustees-meeting-friday/101-52b1d67a-720c-4528-89af-62355ae6cd23

 

Indiana University is planning on renaming several buildings, including one named for former president and eugenics supporter David Starr Jordan:

https://www.indystar.com/story/sports/college/indiana/2020/06/18/iu-review-all-named-buildings-its-campuses-starting-jordan-hall/3209628001/

 

University College London is going to rename buildings formerly named for Francis Galton and Karl Pearson:

https://www.theguardian.com/education/2020/jun/19/ucl-renames-three-facilities-that-honoured-prominent-eugenicists

 

An interview about Belly of the Beast, a film about sterilizing women in the California prison system:

https://www.broadwayworld.com/long-island/article/Erika-Cohn-Talks-Eugenics-The-Sterilization-Of-Women-Prisoners-On-Tom-Needhams-SOUNDS-OF-FILM-20200615

 

An article on the history of eugenics on Malaga Island, in Maine:

https://www.pressherald.com/2020/06/21/insight-malagas-legacy-speaks-to-our-time/

 

An op-ed on the history of scientific racism:

https://dailytimes.com.pk/628143/social-darwinism-and-the-origins-of-scientific-racism/

 

An article about a podcast on the relationship between past cancer research and eugenics:

https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2020/06/19/podcast-the-dark-connection-between-cancer-research-and-the-eugenics-movement/ 

 

The Mississippi state senate passed a bill that would prohibit abortions on the basis of race, sex, disability, or genetic makeup:

https://www.wlbt.com/2020/06/17/miss-senate-passes-bill-stop-discriminatory-abortions/

 

An interview with author Silvia Moreno-Garcia about her novel Mexican Gothic, where eugenics is part of the narrative:

https://www.bookweb.org/news/qa-silvia-moreno-garcia-author-julys-1-indie-next-list-pick-577738

           

CRISPR in the news:

           

The potential for genome editing in crops in Britain:

https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/genome-edited-crops-help-farmers-and-environment-whw06jktx

 

Scientists at the University of California, Riverside are using a supercomputer to study the interaction between SARS-CoV-2 and CRISPR:

https://insideucr.ucr.edu/stories/2020/06/15/uc-riverside-engineers-are-using-supercomputers-investigate-rapid-crispr-based

 

Researchers at the Francis Crick Institute are preparing a publication about their recent efforts to use CRISPR to edit the human genome:

https://onezero.medium.com/scientists-edited-human-embryos-in-the-lab-and-it-was-a-disaster-9473918d769d

 

Computational biologists at MIT and the University of Massachusetts Medical School have engineered proteins with enhanced genome editing capabilities: 

https://scitechdaily.com/nature-inspired-crispr-enzyme-discoveries-vastly-expand-genome-editing/

 

Researchers in Austria are developing a CRISPR treatment for dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa:

https://epidermolysisbullosanews.com/2020/06/17/crispr-cas9-gene-editing-may-correct-genetic-defect-in-deb-studysuggests/

 

Numerous articles on eugenics were published this week, including:

Renaming of building named for 1920s eugenicist president at the University of Maine
https://wgme.com/news/local/umaine-wants-to-rename-building-named-for-19...

Removing of a window commemorating eugenics in Cambridge
https://www.google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t&url=https://www.thetimes.co.uk/art...

Renaming of building and rooms named after Francis Galton at UCL
https://en.brinkwire.com/news/ucl-renames-building-and-rooms-named-after...

Japan medical community asked to apologise for eugenic procedures
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/06/26/national/medical-eugenics-a...
https://www.nippon.com/en/news/yjj2020062500594/medical-world-must-apolo...
https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20200624/p2a/00m/0na/017000c

‘Do Not Resuscitate’ Orders For Disabled Covid Patients
https://www.forbes.com/sites/gusalexiou/2020/06/23/unlawful-do-not-resus...

A sci-fi legend’s praise for eugenics
https://www.lifesitenews.com/blogs/h.g-wells-thoughts-on-ridding-the-wor...

A selection of suggested readings on race and science
https://www.sciencefocus.com/books/best-race-science-books/