Mestyan, Adam. Arab Patriotism: The Ideology and Culture of Power in Late Ottoman Egypt. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017.
(The Middle East and Turkey (excl. North Africa) - Ottoman Empire, Egypt, Middle East - Nationalism, Patriotism - Archival Research, Discourse Analysis, Historical Sociology - Historical Anthropology.)
Arab Patriotism presents the essential backstory to the formation of the modern nation-state and mass nationalism in the Middle East. While standard histories claim that the roots of Arab nationalism emerged in opposition to the Ottoman milieu, Adam Mestyan points to the patriotic sentiment that grew in the Egyptian province of the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth century, arguing that it served as a pivotal way station on the path to the birth of Arab nationhood.
Through extensive archival research, Mestyan examines the collusion of various Ottoman elites in creating this nascent sense of national belonging and finds that learned culture played a central role in this development. Mestyan investigates the experience of community during this period, engendered through participation in public rituals and being part of a theater audience. He describes the embodied and textual ways these experiences were produced through urban spaces, poetry, performances, and journals. From the Khedivial Opera House's staging of Verdi's Aida and the first Arabic magazine to the ‘Urabi revolution and the restoration of the authority of Ottoman viceroys under British occupation, Mestyan illuminates the cultural dynamics of a regime that served as the precondition for nation-building in the Middle East.
Serrano, Ivan and Albert Bonillo. Boundary shifts and vote alignment in Catalonia. Ethnicities 17:3 (2017): 371-391.
(Europe (excl. Russia and the former Soviet Union) - Catalonia - ethnicity - elections - Quantitative Analysis.)
This paper analyses the dynamics between ethnic boundaries and electoral alignment in the context of western minority nationalisms by focusing on the Catalan case. In particular, the research explores the changes in boundary shifts at the electoral level, whether they affect differently pro-sovereignty and pro-union parties, and to what extent changes have reinforced the ethnic alignment of vote. Methodologically, the analysis is based on observational data from the elections of 2010 and 2012, which allows control over some of the traditional limits of opinion studies. The results suggest that ethnicity is a dynamic factor that has gained relevance for both sub-state and state-wide parties, and that processes of boundary contraction are not necessarily associated with electoral failure.
Szulc, Lukasz. Transnational Homosexuals in Communist Poland: Cross-Border Flows in Gay and Lesbian Magazines. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.
(Global, Transnational, Comparative - Eastern Bloc, Central and Eastern Europe, Poland - transnationalism, globalization, postcolonialism, homonationalism, homosexuality, gay and lesbian - qualitative.)
This book traces the fascinating history of the first Polish gay and lesbian magazines to explore the globalization of LGBT identities and politics in Central and Eastern Europe during the twilight years of the Cold War. It details the emergence of homosexual movement and charts cross-border flows of cultural products, identity paradigms and activism models in communist Poland. The work demonstrates that Polish homosexual activists were not locked behind the Iron Curtain, but actively participated in the transnational construction of homosexuality. Their magazines were largely influenced by Western magazines: used similar words, discussed similar topics or simply translated Western texts and reproduced Western images. However, the imported ideas were not just copied but selectively adopted as well as strategically and creatively adapted in the Polish magazines so their authors could construct their own unique identities and build their own original politics.
Gapova, Elena. “The Land under the White Wings”: the Romantic Landscaping of Socialist Belarus. Rethinking Marxism 29:1 (2017): 173-198.
(Russia and the former Soviet Union - former Soviet Union, Belarus - Romantic Nationalism, Socialist Romaticism - Textual Analysis.)
This essay explores the imaginative transformation of quintessentially socialist Soviet Byelorussia into a romantic and sacred “land of castles.” The romantic landscaping, performed in the 1960s by intellectuals and especially the writer Uladzimir Karatkevich, changed the meaning of the land by creating a site parallel to the socialist republic, the land of intellectual and moral pursuits that can sustain life’s meaning. This romantic shift also points to changes in the texture of Soviet society, as new types of elites—intellectuals and literati—sought to contest the Communist party’s agenda of man’s being in the world. The “really existing socialism” witnessed an emergence of new ideas regarding national space and landscape that legitimized nonsocialist historical consciousness: inspired individuals, rather than the working class, were emerging as subjects of history and agents with a mission.
Pogonyi, Szabolcs. Extra-Territorial Ethnic Politics, Discourses and Identities in Hungary. UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.
(Europe (excl. Russia and the former Soviet Union) - Hungary, Central and Eastern Europe - citizenship - diasporas, transborder nationalism - interviews - discourse analysis, quantitative analysis, comparative legal analysis.)
This book explores the causes and consequences of the discursive and legal construction of the Hungarian transborder nation through the institutionalization of non-resident citizenship and voting. Through the in-depth analysis of Hungarian transborder and diaspora politics, this book investigates how the political engagement of non-resident Hungarians impacts inter- and intra-state ethnic relations. In addition, the research also explores how institutional changes and shifting discursive strategies reify and redefine ethnic belonging narratives and the self-perception of Hungarians living outside the country. The research uses a multidisciplinary qualitative methodology which includes institutional (historical, rational choice and sociological) analysis, discourse analysis as well as interpretive methods. Through the inventive application of multiple methodologies, the book goes beyond the mostly institutional/legal analysis dominant in the study of citizenship.
Pogonyi, Szabolcs. Europeanization of Kin-Citizenship and the Dynamics of Kin-Minority Claim-Making: The Case of Hungary. Problems of Post-Communism. 07 Jun 2017.
(Europe (excl. Russia and the former Soviet Union) - Central and Eastern Europe, Hungary - transborder ethnic mobilization - diasporas, citizenship, non-resident voting - textual analysis.)
This article explores the implications of kin-citizenship policies on trans-border minority claim-making. To demonstrate the implications of kin-citizenship for minority claim-making strategies, the article investigates how Hungary’s introduction of extraterritorial citizenship and voting rights has affected the claim-making potential of Hungarian minority parties in the neighboring countries. The article argues that, contrary to existing theories, increased kin-state activism through extraterritorial citizenship does not necessarily lead to the radicalization of minorities, but it does compromise the mobilization potential and claim-making strategy of trans-border political actors in their home-states. The article also shows that increased kin-state activism does not necessarily increase interstate and interethnic tension.
Goalwin, Gregory. Religion, Nationalism, and Boundary Formation: Constructing Ethnic and National Identity in Ireland and Turkey. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, Sociology, 2017.
(Global, Transnational, Comparative - Boundary-Making, Turkey, Ireland, Religious Nationalism - Religious Nationalism - Boundary-Formation - Comparative-Historical Analysis.)
This project examines the underlying rationale of religious nationalism. The use of religion to define national membership raises several questions about the relationship between religion and nationalism: If, as traditional theories predict, the world is becoming increasingly secular, why have nationalists turned to religion as a key component of national identity? Why did religious identification become politically meaningful and how did nationalists construct nations around religious identities? Put differently, why do some nations fail to develop into secular, civic, states but instead utilize religious identity as a defining signifier of national identity? I answer these questions through a comparative-historical analysis of religious nationalist movements in Ireland and Turkey. Bringing theoretical debates in nationalism studies and the sociology of religion into dialogue, I develop a boundary oriented approach to religious nationalism. Nation formation often takes place at moments of social disruption, situations of rapid social and political change as previous forms of social organization break down and are replaced. In these tempestuous conditions nationalists are forced to forge new collective identities and boundaries, determining who will, and who will not, be members of the nascent national community. I argue that nationalists turn to religion in such circumstances because it provides a powerful sense of collective identity and an alternate cultural tradition to fall back on when political bonds face serious and disruptive challenges. Under these circumstances religious identity becomes a key cultural difference on which nationalists can seize, providing a powerful reservoir of cultural myths and symbols, a long collective history, and an authoritative tradition on which nationalists can rely as they struggle to create new political, cultural, and social boundaries that forge a new and independent national identity.
Bayar, Yesim. Constitutional Debates and Nationalist Visions. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 23:3 (2017): 340-360.
(The Middle East and Turkey (excl. North Africa) - Turkey - constitution-writing and nationalism.)
This article looks at the role of competing nationalist visions in shaping the course and content of constitution-making processes. Using Turkey as its case study and focusing on a recent attempt at constitution writing (2011–2013), the examination demonstrates that engagements with and the framing of competing narratives of nationhood during constitutional negotiations go to the heart of societal reconstruction. Hence, such engagements should not be treated as an afterthought to institution building. The Turkish case also demonstrates how in deeply divided societies constitutional debates can acquire an ontological significance for the parties that in turn can work to deepen the existing ideological cleavages.
Manor Mullins, Marty. Kicked Out: Czechoslovakia's Postwar Policy toward Ethnic Minorities and its Unintended Outcomes. Slovakia 43:80-81 (2017): 81-104.
(Europe (excl. Russia and the former Soviet Union) - Eastern Europe, Czechoslovakia - Ethnic discrimination - Postwar policy.)
Czechoslovakia’s German and Hungarian minorities enjoyed rights unparalleled in the region during the First Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1938). Yet as of 1945, non-Slavic peoples were effectively cut out of the postwar republic.
In fact, in his April 1945 speech inaugurating Košice as the capital of the reunited Czechoslovak Republic, President Edvard Beneš declared that the country would be, “…a state of only Czechs and Slovaks and no one else!” The forthcoming policy known as the “Košice Program” operated on the notion that German and Hungarian minorities were collectively guilty for the Second World War and its devastating effect on the First Czechoslovak Republic. This article explores the implementation of Košice Program principles toward the Carpathian German and Hungarian minorities while also elucidating the unintended outcomes of this policy’s execution.