How many consular missions in Mao Zedong's China outside Beijing?

Michael Schoenhals's picture

Dear colleagues,

Does anybody out there happen to have a  list of the foreign diplomatic missions that existed outside Beijing in the Mao years, and in which cities they were located? I suspect there would have been small missions representing neighbouring countries (e.g. Nepal, India, Burma, etc.) in places like Lhasa and Kunming, but I do not have much reliable and even less complete information concerning the overall picture for China as a whole. Any and all help will be much appreciated!


I am not aware of a single, comprehensive list. I've seen this type of information for specific provinces/municipalities in 外事志 editions of gazetteers. These volumes will often list when the consulate opened, when they closed, who the consul general was, etc.

I am aware of consulates in the following locales: Shanghai, Nanning, Kunming, Shenyang, Urumqi, Kashgar, Tacheng, Altai, and Yining. But I'm sure there are others.


Dear Michael,

I think you might find something in Swedish Foreign Ministry's archives (I think I have seen similar documents in French archives but I don't have the reference). They probably keep informations on foreign consulates in China, in the folders like "Foreign diplomatic missions in China". As Sweden was one of the first western countries present in Beijing after 1949, their information might be very interesting. And I think this approach also corresponds to the theme of the latest PRC history review.

Best wishes,