Considering the limited knowledge of the Red Guards about the outside world and foreign languages, my hypothesis is that it might be just a mistranslation of "American friend".
I am hoping that someone can help me identify the American whose Chinese name is 弗兰德.
I am circulating this note, written by Rebecca Karl, in remebrance of her teacher, Arif Dirlik, who passed away on December 1.
USF Center for Asia Pacific Studies to Host International Conference on China’s Transformation Since the 1980s
This project by the University of Pittsburgh about memories of the Cultural Revoution should be of interest to PRC historians and probably a good teaching resource for all of us.
New Issue of The PRC History Review, Vol. 3, No. 1 (January 2018)
We are very pleased to announce that a preview of the forthcoming issue of The PRC History Review is now available.
New Issue of The PRC History Review, Vol. 2, No. 4 (October 2017)
We are very pleased to announce that the latest issue of The PRC History Review is now available. Tani Barlow’s essay “Jiang Qing, Seriously” is the inaugural issue of a new series, “Provocations,” which offers a glimpse at in-progress research that pushes us to reconsider assumptions and established views in the field.
We hope H-PRC subscribers will contribute to this new series: we invite submissions of think-pieces, teasers for upcoming publications, and insights from ongoing research.
Re: Foreign Ministry Archives open again?
From personal knowledge: The central government issued a "no visit or use" order to ALL archives because of the Russian government attempt to open all Russian files for inspection.