Genocide Studies International Volume 12, No. 1, Spring 2018

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Genocide Studies International

Volume 12, No. 1, Spring 2018

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Editor's Introduction

Roger W. Smith

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Draining the Sea: Counterinsurgency as an Instrument of Genocide

Cheng Xu 

All cases of genocide in the modern era feature counterinsurgency in some capacity. Often, genocidal acts are justified as counterinsurgency, and counterinsurgency doctrines and tactics are employed to carry out many genocides. While genocides often have international dimensions, they are mostly carried out within the context of intrastate armed conflicts, almost all of which can be characterized as counterinsurgency. In this article, I expand upon Martin Shaw's model of Genocide as War by exploring the theoretical linkages between counterinsurgency and genocide to demonstrate where counterinsurgency fits into the genocide process. Read at GSI Online>>>

State-Organized Starvation: A Weapon of Extreme Mass Violence in Matabeleland South, 1984

Hazel Cameron

This paper explores an episode of state led extreme mass violence in Zimbabwe, commonly referred to as Gukurahundi, with a specific focus on the second phase of the campaign in Matabeleland South in early 1984. During this phase, the state targeted both the political structure of the main political opposition party of ZAPU, as well as the minority Ndebele ethnic group from which ZAPU drew much of its grassroots level political support. Between February and April 1984, the Government of Zimbabwe used food as a political and military weapon of coercion, torture, punishment, and death against the Ndebele people of Matabeleland South. Read at GSI Online>>>

The Argentine Military and the Antisubversivo Genocide: The School of Americas' Contribution to the French Counterinsurgency Model

Khatchik DerGhougassianLeiza Brumat 

This article analyzes the role of the United States during Argentina's 1976–1983 military dictatorship and their genocidal counterinsurgency war. We argue that Washington's policy evolved from the initially loose support of the Ford administration to what we call “the Carter exception” in 1977–79, when the violations of human rights were denounced and concrete measures taken to put pressure on the military to end their repressive campaign. However, with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and the end of the détente, human rights lost importance in Washington's foreign policy agenda. Read at GSI Online>>>

A National or International Crime? Canada's Indian Residential Schools and the Genocide Convention

Anthony J. Hall 

This essay addresses the relationship linking Canada's Indian Residential School saga with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the United Nations' Genocide Convention. It sets the Canadian experience in a broader context, investigating the treatment of marginalized peoples in national and international environments dominated by the unwritten conventions of victors' justice. From the era of the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals, the full weight of international law falls disproportionately on the losing side of major conflicts. Those who commit crimes against humanity on the side of triumphant power are usually put behind shields of impunity, and this propensity sets the framework for the contained domestic handling of the international crime of genocide in Canada. Read at GSI Online>>>

Questions of Privacy and Confidentiality after Atrocity: Collecting and Retaining Records of the Residential School System in Canada

Tricia Logan

Record collection and record preservation have direct consequences for survivors and often determine the efficacy of the production of genocide memory. Currently, there are increased restrictions that limit our access to evidence and threaten long-term preservation of records. This article will focus on the recent decision to permanently destroy Independent Assessment Process files within fifteen years. These records contain personal disclosures of serious abuses and their destruction reflects an uneasy precedent with record conservation. Read at GSI Online>>>

Notes from the Field

Khmer Rouge Irrigation Schemes During the Cambodian Genocide

James A. TynerMandy Munro-StasiukCorrine CoakleySokvisal KimsroyStian Rice

Between 1975 and 1979 Cambodia was witness to a period of mass violence in which approximately two million people died from famine, disease, and murder. This violence was the result of policies initiated by the Communist Party of Kampuchea, better known as the Khmer Rouge. To date, little research has systematically or empirically studied the geography of specific practices, notably the construction of irrigation schemes, initiated by the CPK that produced those material conditions that resulted in death and deprivation. Using satellite images, aerial photographs, archival records, and field observation, we systematically document and map Khmer Rouge irrigation schemes. Read at GSI Online>>>

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In March 2014, Genocide Studies and Prevention continued as Genocide Studies International (GSI)GSI is peer reviewed, comparative in nature, and includes articles and reviews as well as regular features to engage and immerse readers in current news and activities in the field of genocide and human rights studies. GSI is a forum for the academic study and understanding of the phenomena of genocide and the gross violation of human rights and various approaches to preventing them. GSI is available in print and online.

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