Book Notices of recent scholarship

Daniel Waugh's picture

Book notices, 24 June 2022.

By

Daniel C. Waugh

Here are three additions to my previous set of notices. I am copying the latter below too, since they were sent only to the ESSA mailing list and not posted then to H-Net for archiving. The new volumes are:

Oborneva, Perevodchiki s grecheskogo iazyka Posol’skogo prikaza (1613-1645 gg.).

Ramazanova, Ital’ianskaia shkola brat’ev Likhudov v Moskve (1697-1700 gg.).

Dadykin and Erofeeva. Knigi kirillicheskoi pechati XVI-XVII vekov v Nauchnoi biblioteke Moskovskogo universiteta. Katalog.

---

Z[inaida] E[vgen’evna] Oborneva. Perevodchiki s grecheskogo iazyka Posol’skogo prikaza (1613-1645 gg.). Rossiia i Khristianskii Vostok. Biblioteka. Vyp. 12. Moskva: Izdatel’skii Dom IaSK. 2019. 288 pp. + 16 color plates. ISBN 978-5-907290-03-7.

There is a plethora of important new scholarship on translators and interpreters in Muscovite Russia. While there also is a long history of Muscovite relations with the Orthodox Greeks, including a lot if recent work on the rich archival holdings in Moscow, there is much yet to be learned about the interactions with the Greek speakers who came to Russia from the territories of the Ottoman Empire and the the role of Greek as a diplomatic language in Russian foreign policy.  Oborneva’s book brings together and expands on the work she has published over several previous years and now provides a valuable guide to the evidence for the first half of the 17th century. Her Chapter One chronicles diplomatic relations with several different polities, where Greek often was the language employed in exchanges. The bulk of the book systematically examines the histories of the translators (perevodchiki) and interpreters (tolmachi) for Greek. Some of the most important ones were recommended by the Orthodox Patriarch in Istanbul. She discusses how they acquired the languages necessary to do the work, the kinds of tasks they were assigned, the development of their careers, and their compensation. Of particular interest is her compendium of information about the examination system used to determine whether to employ the individuals on a regular basis (pp. 61-70). The long Chapter Three discusses the process of identifying who did which translations and then illustrates (with parallel Greek and Russian texts) the work of individual translators. The book is well produced, indexed, and illustrated with many examples of manuscript pages or details of handwriting and inscriptions.

--

D[zhamilia] N[urovna] Ramazanova. Ital’ianskaia shkola brat’ev Likhudov v Moskve (1697-1700 gg.). Rossiia i Khristianskii Vostok. Biblioteka. Vyp. 11. Moskva: Izdatel’skii Dom IaSK. 2019. 408 pp. + 13 plates. ISBN 978-5-907117-36-5.

Education in 17th-century Muscovy is still a subject for much fruitful investigation and no little controversy. An earlier volume in this series includes the important contribution by its inspirer and chief editor, the late Boris L’vovich Fonkich (Greko-slavianskie shkoly v Moskve v XVII veke, M., 2009). The brief history of the lesser known “Italian school” of the late 1690s has received for now a definitive treatment by Ramazanova, who had published a number of earlier articles on the subject. Established on the command of Tsar Peter I, as he was heading off on his Great Embassy to the West in 1697, at first blush the school seems to be a kind of odd undertaking. Why Italian? The rationale seems to have been the expectation of employing Italian speakers in Peter’s shipyards, the sending abroad of a number of Russians to Italian-speaking locations for apprenticeship, and the expectation that Peter’s embassy might lead to more intensive interactions with Italian states. After their employment in what was to become the Moscow Slaviano-Greko-Latin Academy had been terminated by the “anti-Latin” forces in Moscow, the Likhud brothers, originally from the Orthodox community in Venice, were logical choices to establish this new school.  One might wish for more about the curriculum and instruction, though there probably is little additional evidence to be had.

As with other educational initiatives in early modern Russia, recruiting and retaining students was a challenge. A few individuals were voluntarily enrolled by their families; but much of the student body was conscripted by the Razriadnyi prikaz, which then continued to monitor results and attendance and punish malingerers. It is this aspect of the enterprise, education by government decree and under government control (echoes here, perhaps, of Foucault) that leads Ramazanova to conclude that the enterprise was a failure. Few students may have learned very much, and what they learned for the most part bore little relationship to productive careers. Of course one may question this conclusion for underestimating the significance of those who in fact went on to successful careers in which their language training and more broadly their education played an important role.

The book is of considerable value for the fact that about half of it publishes the archival records pertaining to the school and its students: a long series of “report cards”; depositions (skazki) by the students or their families. There is an index of names.

--

A. V. Dadykin, V. I. Erofeeva. Knigi kirillicheskoi pechati XVI-XVII vekov v Nauchnoi biblioteke Moskovskogo universiteta. Katalog. Moskva: “Indrik”, 2021. 832 pp. ISBN 978-5-91674-643-3.

This imposing volume continues the publication of detailed scholarly catalogs of the early Cyrillic imprints in the library of Moscow University. The previous volumes are: I. V. Pozdeeva et al., Katalog knig kirillicheskoi pechati XV-XVII vv. Nauchnoi biblioteki Moskovskogo universiteta (M., 1980); Pozdeeva et al., Kirillicheskie izdaniia. XVI vek – 1641 g. Nakhodki arkheograficheskikh ekspeditsii 1971-1993 goda, postupivshie v Nauchnuiu biblioteku Moskovskogo universiteta (M, 2000). Much of the collection is the result of the archaeographic expeditions under the leadership of the eminent early book specialist Irina Vasil’evna Pozdeeva, who celebrated this year her 88th birthday.

The current catalog describes 377 copies of 205 titles (both complete books and fragments). While in most cases there are many other extant copies of these books, there is much new information here for filling in lacunae (if other copies are damaged), documenting different printing states, and, importantly, documenting ownership through the more than 900 inscriptions on the books. The introductory essay summarizes nicely such evidence and describes carefully the methodology and format of the descriptions, following now standard best practice for such catalogs. There are a good many b/w illustrations of individual pages or inscriptions. The several indexes allow one to search for titles, authors, geographic and institutional location, inscriptions (including price information) and more. All in all, a magnificent contribution for our study of the book culture of not just Muscovy but the broader world of Slavia Orthodoxa.

 

 

Some Recent Books

Book notices by Daniel C. Waugh, 13 May 2022.

In order, the annotated books are:

  • O. L. Novikova. Kupets Filipp Osipovich Pligin i ego sobranie rukopisnykh knig.
  • Zh. L. Levshina, E.A. Filonov, E.E. Shevchenko, M. A. Shibaev. Rukopisnye knigi sobraniia M. P. Pogodina. Katalog. Vyp. 7.
  • T. V. Anisimova, Katalog slaviano-russkikh rukopisnykh knig iz sobraniia E. E. Egorova. Tom 3. No. 201-300.
  • Opisanie dokumentov moskovskikh prikazov. Prikaznye dela starykh let 1642, 1643 gody.
  • Institut rossiiskoi istorii RAN 1936-2021 gg. Ocherk istorii. Biobibliograficheskii slovar’.
  • B. N. Floria.  Lektsii po russkoi istorii.
  • Iu. D. Rykov. Kniaz’ Kurbskii i oprichnina Ivana Groznogo.
  • V. N. Temushev. Moskovskoe velikoe kniazhestvo: territoriia i granitsy v konetse [!] XIII-pervoi polovine XIV v.
  • Petrovskoe vremia v litsakh – 2020. Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii. Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha, CVII.
  • V. V. Degoev. Severnaia voina 1700-1721 gg. i russkaia diplomatiia.
  • E. D. Zilivinskaia. Arkhitektura Zolotoi Ordy. Chast’ II. Grazhdanskoe zodchestvo.

Ol’ga L’vovna Novikova. Kupets Filipp Osipovich Pligin i ego sobranie rukopisnykh knig. Moskva; Sankt-Peterburg: Al’ians-Arkheo, 2021. 168 pp. + 11 plates. ISBN 978-5-98874-195-4.

How colleagues like Ol’ga L’vovna manage to be so productive is one of the mysteries of our “field”. She not only is the chief editor for Al’ians-Arkheo, the publisher which produces some of the best in early Slavic studies, but she continues to write important articles on topics such as the chronicles in late Muscovy, and now has produced this engrossing little volume.  It is not one for which, I suspect, many of my colleagues will line up to read, more the pity. But for those interested in the history of individual manuscripts, which means also being interested in the history of the collections in which they were or are found, the book provides important methodological guidance about the kinds of evidence which may be found on the books themselves but also may be found in archival material about out of the way places in the Russian provinces.

The volume opens with a nice sketch of what is known about the owner of what was one of the most important manuscript and early imprint collections in the late Imperial period.  F. O. Pligin was a prosperous Old Believer merchant in the town of Vol’sk on the Volga River in Saratov oblast’. His heirs decided to dispose of his collection; it ended up being broken up and sold, significant portions now in the Russian National Library and Academy of Sciences Library in St. Petersburg, but quite a lot still in the university library in Saratov (not to mention a number of other collections). The history of those sales and the kind of bargaining that went on, with even major repositories unwilling or unable to pay top ruble, is in itself a fascinating story, taking us into the world of the antiquarian book market of the end of the Imperial period.

To reconstruct Pligin’s original holdings requires examining various inscriptions or marginal notations he and later owners added,  bindings (he seems to have had his own expert book-binder), and much more. So it has been possible here to identify a lot of his books and at least begin the process of reconstructing the library and where he acquired his materials. There is plenty of guidance here for those who examine other collections that lack explicit identification but where the evidence may now confirm which books had belonged to their owners. Some more of Pligin’s books should turn up. As much as anything, this is a story focused on the modern history of libraries, not on the history of the texts in the books, some of which date as early as the 15th century.  Yet for studies of those early texts, it is essential that there be full codicological analysis, which is why this admirable, well illustrated volume merits attention.

---

Zh. L. Levshina, E.A. Filonov, E.E. Shevchenko, M. A. Shibaev. Rukopisnye knigi sobraniia M. P. Pogodina. Katalog. Vyp. 7. Sankt-Peterburg: Rossiiskaia natsional’naia biblioteka, 2020. 364 pp.

I included this volume in my last set of book notices a few months ago without yet having seen it.  It describes 33 manuscripts (Pogodin Nos. 963–995), taking the project of describing the entire collection up to nearly the half-way point. A few of them are dated, four to the late 15th century. Most come from territories of Muscovy, including some specifically connected to major monasteries. The contents are religious or didactic, including texts by some of the important church fathers. The very useful sections entitled “Additional information” that conclude each individual description discuss scholarship relating to the particular book. The volume includes a nice set of 64 color photographs to illustrate the various scribal hands and decoration, and, for the first time in the to-date seven volumes of the Pogodin Collection descriptions, photographs showing some of the watermarks. The extensive set of indexes, most the work of N. N. Nevzorova, are one of the valuable features of this excellent catalog. 

---

Anisimova, Tat’iana Vladimirovna. Katalog slaviano-russkikh rukopisnykh knig iz sobraniia E. E. Egorova. Tom 3. No. 201-300. Pod red. Iu. S. Beliankina. Moskva: Pashkov dom, 2021. 490 pp. + 64 color illustrations. ISBN 978-5-7510-0825-3.

This is the third volume of a (so far) planned three describing the huge and important Egorov Collection in the Russian State Library (RGB). The previous volumes were noted by me in an earlier list. The project to describe the collection of more than 2000 manuscript books dates back over more than half a century, when at least short descriptions were compiled and there was even some consideration of making them available on-line. However, as with many projects initiated by the then head of the manuscript division in GBL/RGB, S. V. Zhitomirskaia, the work foundered after she was fired and the new administration reversed policies designed to make the collections more accessible to users. When Anisimova began her work on these now published volumes, she found that the previous material simply did not meet the current standard for full, scholarly descriptions, such as she was undertaking and has successfully completed.  It is not clear when or whether we might expect the remaining six-sevenths of the collection to be described and those descriptions published. On the Old Believer Egor Egorovich Egorov, who assembled such a wonderful library, one can consult Iu. D. Rykov’s article in the Pravoslavnaia entsiklopedia, t. 18 (2008): 32-35. Rykov had written a significant part of those earlier, short descriptions.

---

Opisanie dokumentov moskovskikh prikazov. Prikaznye dela starykh let 1642, 1643 gody. Podgotovil A. V. Antonov. Moskva, Drevlekhranilishche, 2021. 426 pp. ISBN 978-5-93646-403-4.

This volume continues the publication of descriptions of some of the most important collections in the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts (RGADA). Previous volumes covering the widely ranging fond 141 (Prikaznye dela starykh let) include: Opisanie drevneishikh dokumentov arkhivov moskovskih prikazov XVI-nachala XVII vv. Vyp. 1-3 (M., 1994, 1999), and Opisanie dokumentov moskovskikh prikazov. Prikaznye dela starykh let 1641 g. (M., 2021), the latter also the work of A. V. Antonov. Antonov must be very busy, as another of his contributions covers some of the massive collection of the documents from the College of the Economy (f. 281), the third volume having appeared in 2020. There are many other valuable publications of opisi now, including two of the major collections of materials pertaining to Ukraine (Malorossiiskii prikaz, f. 124, 229) and the old Bantysh-Kamenskii register of Grecheskie dela (f. 52, op. 1). We also have descriptions of the RGADA collections of manuscript and early printed books.

This inventory covers f. 141, Op. 2, for 1642 and 1643, documents from a number of Muscovite fiscal and administrative departments and including as well material from the Ambassadorial Office (Posol’skii prikaz). The descriptions generally provide a concise summary of the contents of individual documents on a folio-by-folio basis, and the reference value of the book is enhanced by a descriptive, delo-by-delo table of contents and extensive personal and geographic name indexes. This is still but a fraction of what f. 141 contains. For the rest, one can consult in the on-line opisi available from the RGADA website the old handwritten catalogs, where the ordering of the material does not correspond to that reflected now in the published volumes and where there tends to be only summary information about the contents of any individual deposit (delo). That we are now beginning to have so much access to facilitate research in RGADA is something of a miracle for those of us who never were allowed to see any opisi half a century or more ago. Another matter affecting access is whether the hours for the reading room in RGADA are sufficient, even for Russian scholars. And, of course, in the current situation, a research trip to Moscow would likely be impossible for anyone else.

---

Institut rossiiskoi istorii RAN 1936-2021 gg. Ocherk istorii. Biobibliograficheskii slovar’. Otv. red. Iu. A. Petrov i A. A. Chernobaev. Moskva: Institut rossiiskoi istorii RAN, 2021. 656 pp. + ill. ISBN 978-5-8055-0401-4.

Institutional history as it is now being written in Russia often makes for interesting reading. However, while certain periods are discussed rather frankly in this book, some of what one might really like to learn about events that most affected the profession is rather blandly stated without going into details and thus not much help in understanding key moments. The opening set of chapters cover the history of the Institute from the troubled Stalin era, through the troubled immediate pre- and post-Soviet eras to the present. The bulk of the book then is the bio-bibliographical dictionary of individuals who at one point or another were associated with the Institute in its various manifestations. The range of periods and subjects covered by the work of these historians includes much more than just a focus on Russian history. The entries have basic information on education, career positions, distinctions, publications, and for many, references to publications about the individual. In the last of these categories, I have noted a few omissions of relevant Western literature that might have been included, but I have not done a systematic search.  Nor have I checked this volume against the three-volume Istoriki Rossii kontsa XIX-nachala XXI veka. Biobibliograficheskii slovar’ (Moskva: Sobranie, 2016-2017) to see what differences there may be, though that larger work presumably would cover many individuals not included in the present book.  The inserts with illustrations, many of them in color, have portrait photos, formal group photos of the staffs of the various sub-sections of the Institute, and pictures of the covers of their publications. The volume should be a handy reference tool.

---

Floria, Boris Nikolaevich. Lektsii po russkoi istorii: Kurs istorii Rossii do nachala XVII veka; Novogorodskoe gosudarstvo i obshchestvo v IX-XV vv. i prisoedinenie Novgoroda k Russkomu gosudarstvu; Riazanskaia zemlia v XII-nachale XVI veka; Rossiia i Tridtsatiletniaia voina; M. S. Grushevskii i sovremennaia ukrainskaia istoriografiia epokhi Srednevekov’ia i Novogo vremeni; Gosudarstvo i tserkov’ v Rossii XVI-nachala XVIII veka. (Trudy istoricheskogo fakul’teta MGU. Vyp. 196. Ser. III: Instrumenta studiorum, 46). Moskva: Drevlekhranilishche, 2021. 544 pp. ISBN 978-5-93646-407-2.

The publication of lecture courses by eminent Russian historians has a long history. We continue to be enthralled by Vasilii Kliuchevskii’s famous Kurs russkoi istorii, presented at Moscow University a century before Boris Nikolaevich Floria’s lectures there which are contained in this volume. Whether Floria’s lectures will become part of the canon is for the next generation to decide. However, we should be glad to have them. At very least they will provide us with insights into what Russian university students are being taught, and for those who are familiar with Floria’s prodigious scholarly publications, should be of interest for what they reveal about his ability to distill his vast knowledge for non-specialist audiences. Floria is a Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and has received several honors for contribution to the profession.

His scholarly interests encompass much of pre-modern Central and Eastern Europe. Now well into his eighth decade, he continues to publish carefully documented studies of Muscovite foreign policy which are essential reading for anyone interested in the subject. Hearsay tells us that he practically lives in the archives. I have read a lot of what he has written on the Thirty Years’ War and should find that lecture course of real interest to see how he pulls together the threads of what is a very complicated history. I hope someday to work on Novgorod and may well want to start by reading the set of his lectures on that history.

The general course on on pre-modern Russian history here is his introduction for the Moscow students; the other lectures are the special courses for advanced undergraduate history majors. That on Novgorod was presented over two decades ago, the one on Riazan’ last year.  The editors note that the spetskursy are printed unchanged, but the implication then is that the text of the general course may well have been revised. The course on Hrushevs’kyi is an outlier (“osobniakom stoit”), in that it was offered for political science students. In the current context, it probably will make for particularly interesting reading.

---

Rykov, Iurii Dmitrievich. Kniaz’ Kurbskii i oprichnina Ivana Groznogo. Moskva: Kvadriga, 2021. 464 pp. ISBN 978-5-91791-389-6.

Since I was inspired by the publication of this book to write a longish tribute to the late Iurii Dmitrievch Rykov (1946-2020), I shall merely summarize the contents here. Assuming the longer essay appears, I shall post information about it then.

Iurii Dmitrievich was trained by A. A. Zimin and spent most of his working career in the manuscript division of RGB, where he came to be highly regarded for his expertise. His early academic work focused on the manuscript redactions of the “History” attributed to Prince A.M. Kurbskii and on the information in the “History” about the Ivan IV’s oprichnina. The current volume contains the previously unpublished full text of Rykov’s kandidat dissertation, reprints several of his most important articles which grew out of that work, and one previously unpublished article.  There is a Foreword by V. V. Kalugin and Iurii Dmitrievich’s autobiographical introductory essay entitled “My Path to Prince A. M. Kurbskii”. His memoir is an interesting treatment of how one scholar obtained the education that enabled him to move on into a successful career despite the many obstacles to such an accomplishment in the late- and immediate post-Stalin period.

---

Temushev, Viktor Nikolaevich. Moskovskoe velikoe kniazhestvo: territoriia i granitsy v konetse [!] XIII-pervoi polovine XIV v. Moskva: Kvadriga, 2022. 320 pp. + 29 pp. of color maps.  ISBN 978-5-91791-422-0.

The Belorussian historian V. N. Temushev (1975-2011) left a considerable published legacy in his all too short life, as the brief introduction to this volume indicates. His initial work focused on the borderlands between the Russian principalities and Lithuania. This volume contains his previously unpublished kandidat dissertation (“Territoriia i granitsy Moskovskogo kniazhestva v kontse XIII-pervoi polovine XIV v.”, defended in 2002) and reprints nine of his most recent articles that developed further the dissertation material (this making them accessible to those who cannot access the originals in Belorussian publications). He had hoped to revise further the dissertation before publishing it as a book but never managed to finish the project. One would have thought that his subject had already been treated well in some of the older literature, but in fact, at first glance here (I have not had time to read the details), it is clear that he has been meticulous in reviewing and assessing the data with results that presumably now eclipse what had been written.  He had a particular interest in creating new and more accurate maps from the often very scanty date in published sources and the evidence of material remains. The color insert here thus contains what may well be the best ones we have for the period and geographical area of his study. They show town locations and the best approximation of boundaries both of the larger entities and volosti. Unfortunately, given the normal monograph format of the book, detail from maps that spread over facing pages gets lost in the gutter of the binding. Foldouts would have been preferable.

---

Petrovskoe vremia v litsakh – 2020. Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii. Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha, CVII. Sankt-Peterburg: Izd-vo. Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha, 2021. 434 pp.

The Hermitage-sponsored annual conferences devoted to the history of the Petrine period in personalities (as the titles proclaim) produce on a regular basis without undue delay substantial volumes, generally well illustrated, with article summaries in English. The narrow focus of many of the papers may leave the impression that the authors were hard put to come up with something to justify their participation in the conferences (sound familiar?), but there is always something interesting here to read. I suspect that where the conference participants probably then were able to step out to see them in situ, Ekaterina Andreeva’s “Mythological Scenes on Utrecht “Big Circle” Tiles in the Menshikov Palace, St. Petersburg” would have been a good guide, and it is not the only paper in the volume devoted to Dutch tiles in Petersburg. I tend to be somewhat skeptical about how consequential is an article that proclaims it is devoted to a “little-studied episode”, such as the one on the construction of Domenico Trezzini’s private residence on Vasilevskii Island in St. Petersburg. But there is a great deal on various other topics in the architectural history of St. Petersburg and its environs, not all of it focused just on the Petrine period. Thus, for example, one can learn more about the history of the installation of the famous Amber Room in the palace at Tsarskoe Selo. For me, of considerable interest is anything by Tatiana Bazarova, who has published major work on the Russian envoys to the Ottoman Empire in the early 18th-century. Here she writes about the Russian ambassador’s residence in Istanbul. Those interested in court entertainment may want to read what Evgeniia Eremina-Solenikova writes about “Russian National Dances at the Imperial Court” and Nina Tarasova writes about the Petrine “Assembles”. As for the rest, you just will have to get the book. Somehow, at least so far, the Hermitage has been able to publish its Trudy volumes of recent years at what is still an affordable price for those who like to have print copy. For the contents listing of all the Trudy volumes (across all disciplines) to date, see http://kronk.spb.ru/library/trge.htm, which has a few links to ones which may be freely downloaded, including some of those in the Petrine series. The current volume I note here is in fact not the most recent one, as Petrovskoe vremia v litsakh – 2021, has also just appeared, neither available for downloading (at least not yet).

---

Degoev, Vladimir. Severnaia voina 1700-1721 gg. i russkaia diplomatiia. K 300-letiiu okonchaniia Severnoi voiny. Predislovie akademika RAN A. V. Torkunova. Moskva: Aspekt Press, 2021. 656 pp. ISBN 978-5-7567-1154-7.

One may well share the somewhat skeptical feeling Academician Torkunov had while reading this massive volume, written in popular style, with but a brief bibliography and lacking footnote documentation. Yet he suggests it is useful as a detailed chronicle of Russian diplomacy of the Northern War, even if one may not agree with its conclusions. As do I, he leaves it for reviewers to critique its content. The book first sets the geographic stage and then provides a year-by-year narrative. It is offered as one of the few generalizing works on the subject, the intended audience being “undergraduates, graduate students, teachers, and a broad reading public”. Presumably in the first instance, the audience is the students at MGIMO-Universitet, where V.V. Degoev teaches. Aspekt Press apparently is a major publisher of textbooks.

---

Zilivinskaia, Emma Davidovna. Arkhitektura Zolotoi Ordy. Chast’ II. Grazhdanskoe zodchestvo. Moskva- Kazan’: Izd-vo. Akademii nauk RT, 2019. 353 pp. ISBN 978-5-9690-0622-5.

The author is the current authority on the architecture of the Golden Horde, her expertise honed during work on the multi-year Volga Archaeological Expedition, to which she dedicates this book. While she had earlier and less well produced publications on the subject, she has now updated and expanded that work in two large-format and properly illustrated volumes. The first, on the religious architecture, appeared in 2014.  This one is devoted to civil structures: caravan sarays, markets, baths and residences.  One of the virtues of her work is the broad comparative perspective, placing the buildings in the context of Islamic world architecture elsewhere. Roughly a third of this book is devoted to 178 excellent plates of illustrations. For her work on the caravansarays, see her article in The Silk Road 15 (2017) (https://edspace.american.edu/silkroadjournal/wp-content/uploads/sites/984/2018/03/Zilivinskaia_SR_15_2017_pp13_31.pdf); for an overview of art(s) and archaeology of the Golden Horde, which draws on her work, see my “Archaeology and the Material Culture of the Ulus Jochi (Golden Horde),” in The Mongol World, ed. by Timothy May and Michael Hope (Routledge, 2022), scheduled to appear at the end of May.