Collection Description (from online finding aid): The Feminist Collection of JoAnn Evansgardner and Gerald H.F. Gardner, 1966-1988, includes records of the National Organization for Women at national, regional, and local Pittsburgh levels. It also contains research and legal proceedings relating to feminist issues such as discrimination by sex in education, employment, healthcare, sports, and politics. This information is provided through minutes, correspondence, court case files, and publications.
Evansgardner and Gardner joined the National Organization for Women (NOW) in 1968 and were active at the local, state, and national levels throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Evansgardner served on the National Board of NOW and as the Eastern Regional Co-Director, while Gardner served as Director and Treasurer of the First Pittsburgh Chapter. They initiated a lawsuit against the Pittsburgh Press newspaper to ban sex discrimination in want ads, worked for the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, and helped various other complainants with cases regarding sex and race discrimination. In addition to NOW, Evansgardner and Gardner have been involved with many other feminist, anti-racist, and political activist groups, including the feminist press KNOW, Inc., ACLU, NAACP, Women’s Political Caucus, Professional Women’s Caucus, International Women’s Year, National Women’s Conference, and various reproductive rights groups.
Many universities first began offering Women’s Studies programs and classes in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s. Evansgardner collected brochures and professors’ notes from these early attempts. Although most university programs were open to women by this time, female students and faculty were still discriminated against and underrepresented in many disciplines. This series documents this period in women’s history through pamphlets on women in law schools, statistics on the number of female students graduating from particular programs, and educational lawsuits. Lawsuits include Braden vs. the University of Pittsburgh, in which a group of women accused the university of discriminating against and underpaying female faculty, failing to support their research, and providing inadequate daycare for working mothers. The second half of the series contains information on Title IX, which passed in 1972 and requires gender equity to boys and girls in all educational programs that receive federal funding, including school sports teams. The integration of women into school sports generated many questions and controversies, and NOW formed a Sports Committee to address problems. This series also includes a section on daycare and other child care facilities.
Archive name: University of Pittsburgh Archives & Special Collections
Archive location: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Archive website: http://library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections