Fourth of July Webinar: The Place of the Two American Revolutions in the Past, Present and Future

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July 4, 2020
United States
Subject Fields: 
American History / Studies, Black History / Studies, Labor History / Studies, Political History / Studies, Slavery

This July 4, at 1:30 p.m. EST, the World Socialist Web Site will be celebrating the 244th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence by hosting a public, on-line discussion with five eminent historians: Victoria Bynum, Clayborne Carson, Richard Carwardine, James Oakes and Gordon Wood, moderated by me and WSWS International Editorial Board Chairman David North. I invite you to attend and to share this with students and colleagues.

The American Revolution of 1775-1783 and the Civil War of 1861-1865 rank among the most momentous events in shaping the political, social and intellectual history of the modern world. The Declaration of Independence, issued on July 4, 1776, established the United States on the principle that “all men are created equal.” This first Revolution set into motion socio-economic and political processes that led to the Civil War—the Second American Revolution, which abolished slavery.

In the present, a time of social crisis and uncertainty, the first and second Revolutions are the subject of intense controversy. Bynum, Carson, Carwardine, Oakes and Wood will assess the Revolutions in the context of their times as well as their national and global consequences. Finally, the discussants will consider the possible implications of contemporary debates over the nature of the Revolutions for the future of the United States and the world.

This event will be streamed live throughout the world on July 4th at 1:30 pm EDT at You may register on this page and receive updates about this and future events.


Thomas Mackaman


Associate Professor of History

King's College, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

Contact Info: 

Thomas Mackaman

Associate Professor of History, King's College, Pennsylvania