Votes for Women Trail for Kentucky

The entries below can be searched by selected fields - they are all part of the annotated map of Kentucky's “Votes for Women Trail” (see the map on another page here). To search for a particular set of the Trail entries, enter a search term in one or more of the fields below - then click "Apply" to see a new listing in alpha order.

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Associated Organization: Frankfort Cemetery
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Frankfort Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site of Emma Guy Cromwell (1865-1952)
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920
, Years of Importance:1920-present

Emma Guy Cromwell (28 September 1865 - 19 July 1952) was born in Allen County, Kentucky and educated at the Masonic Home in Louisville (KY), the Howard Female College in Gallatin (TN) and later studied parliamentary law at the University of Michigan. In 1896 she became the first woman in the Commonwealth to hold a statewide office when the Kentucky Senate elected her state librarian. After her term was up, she ran for election to the Frankfort School Board on which she served for two terms; she also served on the state Parent Teachers Association. She was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the United Daughters of the Confederacy.  In 1924 she was elected secretary of state and became the first woman to act as a Kentucky governor when Governor W.J. Fields and the other successors to the governor's seat attended the 1924 Democratic National Convention. She also held the office of state treasurer, state park director, and state bond commissioner. She wrote  Cromwell's Compendium of Parliamentary Law (1918), and her book Citizenship, A Manual for Voters (1920) was dedicated to the new voters of Kentucky: women. She published her autobiography, A Woman in Politics, in 1939 in which she describes suffragist Laura Clay as her "main tutor and adviser (65)." She is buried in the Frankfort Cemetery, Section B, Lot 58, Grave 10.


Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Sophonisba P. Breckinridge (1866-1948)
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920
, Years of Importance:1920-present

Sophonisba "Nisba" Preston Breckinridge (1 April 1866 - 30 Jul 1948) graduated from Wellesley College with a mathematics degree and in 1892 was the first woman to pass the Kentucky bar. Her attempt to open a law practice in Lexington was not successful so she left to earn a Masters degree in political science and in economics at the University of Chicago - the first woman to do so. When she graduated from Chicago's School of Law with a J.D. in 1904, she was top in her class - and the first woman admitted to the Coif. She taught economics, policy and legal affairs in the University of Chicago's Department of Household Administration - and spent much of her vacation time working at the Hull House, a settlement home in the city. She also helped found the Chicago Women’s Trade Union League and the Chicago Chapter of the NAACP. She was an early member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and in 1911 was elected as a national vice-president. In 1914 she ran for the seat of alderman representing the 7th Ward in Chicago - but lost in the primaries. She helped Jane Addams and others start the Women's Peace Party (serving as treasurer), and she joined the American delegation of the International Congress of Women (ICW) held at The Hague in 1915 which led to the creation of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

When philanthropist/reformer Julia Lathrop created the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy, Breckinridge was appointed dean. She and Edith Abbott, a former student of hers, began using research to train social workers in the field while taking graduate classes in research. In 1920 she was serving as acting president and negotiated with the president of the University of Chicago to merge her school into a new unit there. The University of Chicago's Graduate School of Social Service Administration was the first graduate school of social work in the country to be affiliated with a major university. In addition to adding new curriculum to the social workers' training, she introduced the case study method of instruction - a pedagogical approach used by law schools. By the 1920s she and Abbot had established The Social Service Review, the first scholarly journal dedicated to social work issues. She became a full professor of Social Economy in 1925 and in 1929 she became U. of Chicago's Samuel Deutsche Professor of Public Welfare Administration. She retired from the University when President Roosevelt in 1933 sent her as a delegate to the 7th Pan-American Conference in Uruguay - making her the first woman to represent the U.S. government at an international conference. She published many scholarly and journalistic works throughout her life, including a biography of her sister-in-law, the suffragist Madeline McDowell Breckinridge. She died in Chicago in 1947, and was buried in the Breckinridge plot in the Lexington Cemetery, Section O, Lot 126.
 


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Mary Verhoeff (1872-1962)
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Mary Verhoeff (1872-1962) a geographer and civic activist who was a member of the Louisville Woman Suffrage Association and the National Woman's Party, volunteering to maintain support for the White House pickets and those who were arrested. She lived at 731 S. Second Street with her sister, Carolyn Verhoeff, who was a suffragist and animal welfare activist. She died in 1962 and was buried in Cave Hill Cemetery near her sister Carolyn in Section F, Lot 490, Grave 11.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Carolyn Parker Verhoeff (1876-1975)
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Carolyn Parker Verhoeff (12 August 1876 - 27 June 1975) worked with the College Club in Louisville, an organization that focuses on furthering women in education. A vegetarian, she wrote children's books on the humane treatment of animals. She was the Louisville Woman Suffrage Association's Chair of a Committee on Information, and she represented Louisville in the 1916 convention of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. That year she also participated in Chicago’s suffrage parade. Verhoeff began in 1922 working on behalf of animals - including the welfare of laboratory animals at the University of Louisville - and in 1963 an Animal Care Center was dedicated in her name at the UofL Medical-Dental Research Building. She lived until 1971 in a three-story brick-and-stone home at 731 S. Second Street. She died in 1975 at National Health Enterprises Northfield and was buried in Cave Hill Cemetery in Section F, Lot 491, Grave 9.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Patty Blackburn Semple (1853-1923)
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Patty Blackburn Semple (1853-1923), first president of the Woman’s Club of Louisville, served as president of the Louisville Free Kindergarten Society. She promoted literacy among African American adults and encouraged African American women to register and vote after the legislature passed the school board suffrage for women in 1912. officer of Neighborhood House (a settlement house in Louisville), Louisville Lyceum, and the Art Club; she became the first woman trustee of the Louisville Free Public Library. She was buried with her parents at a family plot in Cave Hill Cemetery in Section A, Lot 255-E1/2 Grave 3.


Associated Organization: Elmwood Cemetery
County: Rockcastle
Name of Historic Site: Elmwood Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Lucy Adams Nield (1862-1930)
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Lucy Adams Nield (1862? - 13 July 1930) was president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union of Kentucky, head of the Civics Department of the Woman's Club of Louisville and the Kentucky Federation of Women's Clubs. In 1908 the Louisville ERA elected her as first vice president and she served as president also - that year the LERA changed its name to the Woman's Suffrage Association of Louisville. She served as an orator for the Free Lecture Bureau of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association; and, she was elected in 1908 to chair the KERA Committee on Industrial Problems Affecting Women and Children. Nield died at her home, 1048 Cherokee Road, in Louisville and was buried with her husband at Elmwood Cemetery in Mount Vernon, Kentucky.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Eleanor Tarrant Little (1872-1917)
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Mary Eleanor Tarrant Little (1872-1917) was an educator and director of Neighborhood House, a Louisville settlement house. She was active in the Consumers' League of Kentucky seeking to improve wages and working conditions for women and to restrict child labor, and she was a key member in the Louisville Campaign Committee of the School Suffrage Association. The Louisville Woman Suffrage Association chose her as an alternate delegate to the 1911 convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.  She was buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Section 29, Lot 14, Grave 1.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Caroline Apperson Leech (1850-1929)
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920
, Years of Importance:1920-present

Caroline Apperson Leech (1850-1929): one of the earliest supporters of the suffrage movement in Louisville and president of the Louisville Young Women's Christian Temperance Union as well as a member of the Louisville ERA. She hosted peace activist and suffragist Ethel Snowden when she came to speak in Louisville. She advocated for women’s suffrage movement at the national convention of the General Federation of Women’s Clubs in 1914, and she was elected president of the Kentucky Federation of Women's Clubs in 1917. She served as an officer in the League of Women Voters and chaired the Louisville Republican Women's Campaign Committee. She was buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Section O, Lot 204, Grave 2.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Emily P. Beeler (1860-1943), educator and member of Louisville Equal Rights Association
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912

Emily P. Beeler (1860-1943) was an educator who served as the Superintendent of the Kindergarten Department of the Kentucky Women's Christian Temperance Union. She was one of seven Louisville kindergarten teachers who were members of the Louisville Equal Rights Association (LERA); Beeler was elected Vice President of LERA in 1892. She was the first principal of Knox Mission Kindergarten, a kindergarten for African American children sponsored by the Knox Presbyterian Church in Louisville. Beeler was buried at Cave Hill Cemetery in Section P, Lot 850, Grave 4.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Emma J. Woerner

Emma Jane Woerner was the President of the Louisville Equal Rights Association and a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. Emma J. Woerner was the first (and only) principal for the J.M. Atherton School for Girls, one of the oldest public high schools in Louisville when it opened in 1924. She was buried in Louisville's Cave Hill Cemetery in Section 11, Lot 74, Grave 8.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Jennie Angell Mengel (1872-1934)
Years of Importance:1912-1920
, Years of Importance:1920-present

Jennie Agnel Mengel (1872-1934) was an educator and suffragist. She was a strong advocate for the campaign to restore school board suffrage in 1912. She was president of the Louisville chapter of the National College Equal Suffrage League and twice elected president of the Louisville Woman Suffrage Association; in 1921 she was president of the Louisville branch of the League of Women Voters of Kentucky. She was buried in Louisville's Cave Hill Cemetery in Section 29, Lot 19, Grave 3.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Julia D. Henning (1875-1961)

Julia D. Henning was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and served as the Chairman of Congressional Work in 1917 and 1919. Henning was the first president of the Louisville League of Women Voters. She was buried in Louisville's Cave Hill Cemetery in Section 30, Lot 133, Grave 9.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Alice Barbee Castleman

Alice Barbee Castleman was the First Vice President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1910 and 1911. She is also known was Mrs. John B. Castleman. Castleman was a prominent member of the Louisville Woman's Club. She was buried in Louisville's Cave Hill Cemetery in Section O, Lot 95, Grave 5.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Susan Look Avery

Susan Look Avery (1817-1915) was a key leader in the suffrage movement and co-founder of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, Louisville Equal Rights Association, and the Louisville Woman’s Club. She was buried in Louisville's Cave Hill Cemetery in Section O, Lot 188,Grave 7.


Associated Organization: Richmond Cemetery
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Richmond Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Ellen Virginia Bates Gibson (1845-1922)
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Ellen Virginia Bates Gibson (January 1845 - 4 May 1922) was an officer in the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, serving in many capacities including as the Superintendent of the Bible Study Department from 1897 through 1905 when the office was abolished. For many years, at least until 1914, she served as the corresponding secretary for the Madison County ERA. Her husband, William Gibson died in 1884 and as a widow she fell into debt, mortgaging her farm and stately home called Ellendale Hall. Tenent farmers put the entire farm under the plow and rarely used cover cops during the winter to keep the soil fertile. After her death in 1922, the farm was purchased by Eastern Kentucky University and Ellendale Hall was used as a dormitory then a counseling center before it was razed in 2000. Ellen Gibson died at her home Ellendale and was buried near her husband in the Richmond Cemetery, Section F, Lot 65.


Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Laura Clay

Laura Clay (1849-1941) was president of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association until 1912 and after the National American Woman Suffrage Association was formed she was a very effective field worker as well as regularly elected as an officer (auditor); she was also a leader in the Woman's Peace Party, the Women's Christian Temperance Union and the Kentucky Federation of Women's Clubs. She continues to feature heavily in Kentucky's history as a leading suffragist, despite her break with KERA and NAWSA due to her controversial stance against the 19th Amendment on behalf of the Southern States Woman Suffrage Conference she helped form. She served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1920 and was the first woman to be awarded votes toward becoming a major political party's presidential nominee. She was buried in Section J, Lot 6 of the Lexington Cemetery next to her mother and eldest sister, Mary Barr Clay.


Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mary Jane Warfield Clay
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Mary Jane Warfield Clay (1815-1900) was an early leader in the suffrage movement in Kentucky, forming a suffrage club in her home in 1879. Her daughers would become the most well known Kentucky suffragists of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Her grave is in Section J, Lot 6.


Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Alice Lehman Carpenter

Alice Lehman Carpenter (1854-1940) was an officer of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, serving as the Corresponding Secretary in 1905.


Associated Organization: Richmond Cemetery
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Richmond Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Elise Bennett Smith

Elise Bennett Smith was the President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1915-1916, she also served as the NAWSA Executive Committee member on multiple occasions. She is also known as Mrs. Thomas Jefferson Smith and Elise Bennett Smith Gagliardini.


Associated Organization: n/a - still a personally owned home
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Home of Adelaide (Addie) Schroeder Whiteside
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Family home
Years of Importance:1912-1920
, Years of Importance:1920-present

This is the home that Adelaide (Addie) Schroeder Whiteside (1869-1942) and her husband Harry R. Whiteside built, overlooking the Cherokee Park in Louisville. Addie Whiteside helped initiate the Free Kindergarten Association in Louisville and spoke regularly in support of women's suffrage. She was a member of the Louisville Woman's Club as well as the Women's Progressive Service League. She lobbied the state Democratic conventions to include a woman suffrage plank and she served as a delegate to the Progressive Party convention in Chicago. A leading member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, she spoke at state conventions and throughout Kentucky to help keep the local leagues going; she also campaigned in New Jersey and New York in 1915 on the issue of women's suffrage. In October 1915, she participated in New York's 28-hour campaign of suffrage speeches at Columbus Circle and carred the Kentucky banner in the suffrage parade up Fifth Avenue. In 1916 she served as the Kentucky representative for the national alliance for Charles Evans Hughes, Republican nominee for President, traveling through the Midwest on his “Golden Special” campaign train. In Fall 1918 she became the principal at the George D. Prentice School in the Louisville Public School System - and she continued as principal at that school until retiring in 1941 shortly before her death. She is buried in the Cave Hill Cemetery in the Schroeder family plot though there is no headstone to mark her grave.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Adelaide Schroeder Whiteside (1869-1942)
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Adelaide "Addie" Schroeder Whiteside helped initiate the Free Kindergarten Association in Louisville and spoke regularly in support of women's suffrage. She was a member of the Louisville Woman's Club as well as the Women's Progressive Service League. She lobbied the state Democratic conventions to include a woman suffrage plank and she served as a delegate to the Progressive Party convention in Chicago. A leading member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, she spoke at state conventions and throughout Kentucky to help keep the local leagues going; she also campaigned in New Jersey and New York in 1915 on the issue of women's suffrage. In October 1915, she participated in New York's 28-hour campaign of suffrage speeches at Columbus Circle and carred the Kentucky banner in the suffrage parade up Fifth Avenue. In 1916 she served as the Kentucky representative for the national alliance for Charles Evans Hughes, Republican nominee for President, traveling through the Midwest on his “Golden Special” campaign train. In Fall 1918 she became the principal at the George D. Prentice School in the Louisville Public School System - and she continued as principal at that school until retiring in 1941 shortly before her death. She is buried in the Cave Hill Cemetery in the Schroeder family plot (Section Q, Lot 82) though there is no headstone to mark her grave.


Associated Organization: Winchester Cemetery Co.
County: Clark
Name of Historic Site: Winchester Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Marie Warren Beckner

Beckner (1875-1950) was the President of the Clark County Equal Rights Association in 1915, a local of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. She is also known as Mrs. Lucien Beckner. Mrs. Beckner reported on the work undertaken by the League in organizing the ticket and getting the vote out for the local school board elections in the fall of 1915.


Associated Organization: Evergreen Cemetery
County: Campbell
Name of Historic Site: Evergreen Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Dr. Emma Massman Roebuck (1869-1940)

Dr. Emma Massman Roebuck (1869-1940) was an officer of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association serving in many capacities including as the Recording Secretary from 1901 to 1913. She was also active in her local suffrage organization, Campbell County ERA, serving as president and often holding meetings at her home at 112 W. Front Street in Newport. Her sister-in-law, Dr. Katherine Roebuck, was also active in KERA and the Campbell County ERA.


Associated Organization: Ashland Cemetery
County: Boyd
Name of Historic Site: Ashland Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mary Elliott Flanery

Flanery (1867-1933) was the first woman to serve in the Kentucky House of Representatives and also a supporter a woman suffrage. She was a native of Elliott County, but lived across the Appalachian region of Kentucky, in places including Pikeville and Catlettsburg.


Associated Organization: Ashland Cemetery
County: Boyd
Name of Historic Site: Ashland Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Sarah T. Bagley
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Bagley (1848-1925) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and the secretary of the Ashland Equal Rights Association. She was secretary of Ashland ERA in 1913


Associated Organization: Glasgow Municipal Cemetery
County: Barren
Name of Historic Site: Glasgow Municipal Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Emma Evans (1840-1913)

Emma Evans was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and the Glasgow Equal Rights Association. She served as the Treasurer and President of the latter organization. She is also known as Mrs. J.C. Evans.


Associated Organization: Cave City Cemetery
County: Barren
Name of Historic Site: Cave City Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Lizzie Tucker

Tucker (1863-1947) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and also the Chairman of the Cave City Committee of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1905.


Associated Organization: Lawrenceburg Cemetery
County: Anderson
Name of Historic Site: Lawrenceburg Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Louise Parlin Lillard (1876-1965)

Louise Parlin Lillard was the auditor of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1915. She is also known as Mrs. W.F. Lillard.


Associated Organization: Evergreen Cemetery
County: Campbell
Name of Historic Site: Evergreen Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Dr. Katherine Roebuck (1861-1930)
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Dr. Katherine Roebuck (28 July 1861 - 26 January 1930) served as the Corresponding Secretary for the Campbell County Equal Rights Association in 1895 as well as the KERA Superintendent of Hygiene and Physical Culture. Her sister-in-law, Dr. Emma Massman Roebuck, was the president of the Campbell County ERA (and KERA Recording Secretary) for several years. Dr. Katherine Roebuck hosted the small local suffrage club meetings at her office, corner of Third and York, every Tuesday evening. She was buried in Southgate's Evergreen Cemetery in Section 17, Lot 99 -S1/2, next to her brother John S. Roebuck and his wife Dr. Emma Massman Roebuck.


Associated Organization: n/a
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Phoenix Hotel (no longer standing)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Kentucky Equal Rights Association statewide convention site, 1915
Years of Importance:1912-1920

In November 8-10, 1915, the Phoenix Hotel was the meeting site for the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. After an automobile parade down Lexington's Main Street on the afternoon of November 8th, the suffragists gathered for an afternoon reception, called a "Boston Tea Party" hosted by KERA President Madeline McDowell Breckinridge at Ashland (Henry Clay estate). That evening at the Old Opera House on North Broadway, the Lexington Mayor J.E. Cassidy welcomed the group and they listened to a lecture by Ethel Snowden, of London, England. A pacifist and socialist, the Viscountess Ethel Snowden was a speaker for the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies in England and was on a world-wide lecture tour when she and her husband, Philip, came to Lexington. She was opposed to the use of violence in any form, including the tactics undertaken by the British suffragettes under the leadership of Mrs. Pankhurst. She had been in Kentucky several times before, at the Louisville Chatauqua in 1907, at the Louisville Woman’s Outdoor Art League in 1908, again in Louisville in 1913. She had been commissioned by the Fayette County Equal Rights Association to give a speaking tour of 10 lectures around Kentucky organized by Mrs. E.L. Hutchinson of Lexington: Covington Nov. 5th, Richmond Nov 6th, Lexington at the convention on the 8th, Frankfort Nov 12, Louisville Nov 14, Owensboro Nov 18th and Paducah on the 19th. Her book The Feminist Movement (London, 1913) includes chapters on making the case for woman suffrage.

On November 9th, the meeting opened in the Ball Room of the Phoenix Hotel. The convention offered several other items of interest to the whole community, including a presentation by Madame Rosika Schwimmer of Hungary on the international peace movement. Schwimmer had been working since 1913 as an international press secretary of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance, and she was living in London when the war broke out. She came to the U.S. to find champions in the woman suffrage movement for a neutral mediation of what came to be known as the Great War. She lectured on woman suffrage to support herself, but it was her stories about the horrors of war and her appeals for peace that got her the paying audiences she needed.

The format of the organization changed slightly for this year, with the addition of special committees such as news correspondent or state and county fairs, and the creation of an advisory board made up of men and women from across Kentucky. Walter J. Millard of Cincinnati spoke on Wednesday evening in a program entitled “For Men Especially” with the topic of his lecture: “Chivalry Up-to-Date.” According to the KERA minutes, he defined chivalry as “a generous act without expected compensation,” and that the granting of woman suffrage would bring chivalry “up-to-date.” As in the previous two years, a large number of local reports were received, this year from: Louisville, Shelby County, Franklin County, Meade County, Hardin County, Crittenden County, Bell County, Carlisle County, Boyd County, Clark County, Daviess County, Madison County, Hopkins County, Mercer County, Warren County, McCracken County, Hancock County, Woodford County and Fleming County.

Standing at the corner of East Main and Limestone Street (formerly the Maysville Road), this version of the Phoenix Hotel had been constructed in 1897 on top of three other taverns that had been placed there since the early 1800s. The building was demolished by Governor Wallace Wilkinson in 1981 to make way for what he proposed to be the World Coal Center - but this proposed corporate headquarters of major coal companies did not ever get built. In its stead is Phoenix Park, a popular space for public demonstrations and often a refuge for those who wander the streets of Lexington.


Associated Organization: Versailles Cemetery
County: Woodford
Name of Historic Site: Versailles Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Josephine K. Henry

Henry was born in 1846 and passed away in 1928. She was a well-known member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association during the late nineteenth century, but would evantually part ways with the organization. She wrote a great deal about suffrage, property rights of women, and marriage and many of her works were published and are still available today.


Associated Organization: Kentucky Historical Marker Program
County: Warren
Name of Historic Site: Historic Marker #2240
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Kentucky Historical Society's historical marker in Bowling Green to honor suffragist Eliza (Lida) Calvert Obenchain aka Eliza Calvert Hall.

This marker stands across the street from the former home of Eliza Calvert Obenchain (1856-1916) at the corner of Chestnut Street and 14th Avenue in Bowling Green. Obenchain used her grandmother's birth name for her pen name (Eliza Calvert Hall) when she was writing fiction and poetry. She most often used her husband's last name when she wrote in support of women's rights and to work as the Kentucky Equal Rights Association's press superintendent. Her suffrage work crossed over into her career in fiction and poetry, and sometimes for national publications such as the Woman's Journal or the New York Times she would go by her pen name. The most highly visible of her fiction, "Aunt Jane of Kentucky" (1907) was a powerful cry for women's rights. The National American Woman Suffrage Association published three of her articles as part of its Political Equality Series.


Associated Organization: Trimble County Government
County: Trimble
Name of Historic Site: Trimble County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Speech during her 1914 suffrage tour across Kentucky on behalf of KERA and NAWSA.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Lily Ray Glenn from the National American Woman Suffrage Association spoke here in 1914. She spoke from the courthouse steps while the crowd sat on the lawn. She gave her report to the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1914 about her recruiting work in Kentucky of that year, ranging from March 5 to November 11, 1914. She was directed in her Kentucky tour by KERA president Madeline McDowell Breckinridge to cover 45 counties in speaking on suffrage and forming suffrage clubs. She organized 27 county organizations in total, however Trimble County does not show up in any KERA suffrage leagues.


Associated Organization: Shelby County Sheriff's Office
County: Shelby
Name of Historic Site: Shelby County Court House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Ethel Snowden, a British suffragist, spoke at the Shelby County Court House on November 7, 1915.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

A pacifist and socialist, the Viscountess Ethel Snowden was a speaker for the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies in England and was on a world-wide lecture tour when she and her husband, Philip, came to Kentucky. She was opposed to the use of violence in any form, including the tactics undertaken by the British suffragettes under the leadership of Mrs. Pankhurst. She had been in Kentucky several times before, at the Louisville Chatauqua in 1907, at the Louisville Woman’s Outdoor Art League in 1908, again in Louisville in 1913. She had been commissioned by the Fayette County Equal Rights Association to give a speaking tour of 10 lectures around Kentucky organized by Jesse Leigh (Mrs. E.L.) Hutchinson of Lexington: Covington on November 5th, Richmond on the 6th, then Lexington where she was featured at the KERA state convention on the 8th. She thereafter was scheduled to speak in Frankfort (Nov. 12), Louisville (Nov. 14), Owensboro (Nov. 18) and Paducah (Nov. 19). Her book The Feminist Movement (London, 1913) included chapters on making the case for woman suffrage. Margaret Weissinger Castleman, President of the Shelby County Equal Suffrage League, wrote in her report to the KERA Convention of 1915 that the work by KERA organizer Mrs. L.S. Knollenberg of Louisville had led to a greater understanding of the suffrage movement in her county. She continued: "the sentiment for suffrage in Shelby County was sufficiently strong to warrant its having Mrs. Snowden speak at the Shelbyville court house on the evening of Sunday, November 7th, realizing that her powerful message would work wonders with some of the recalcitrant citizens of the County. All of the ministers readily accorded their assistance by foregoing their evening services for the occasion."


Associated Organization: Rockcastle County Government
County: Rockcastle
Name of Historic Site: Rockcastle County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Henry gave a speech at the Rockcastle County Courthouse in Mt. Vernon
Years of Importance:1880-1894

As part of the KERA Free Lecture Bureau, Mrs. Josephine Kirby Henry had been lecturing on women's rights across Kentucky in 1891. According to the Semi-Weekley Interior Journal out of Stanford, she spoke before "a large and attentive audience" at the courthouse on Monday, June 22, 1891. The newspaper reporter added, "Mrs. Henry is a lady of rare culture and handled her subject with great skill." The Courthouse that stands today is a newer building, but at the same location as the one in existence in 1891.


Associated Organization: Kentucky Equal Rights Association
County: Pulaski
Name of Historic Site: Fountain Square, Somerset
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Glenn gave a speech here during her 1914 suffrage tour across Kentucky. She was sent from NAWSA to help organize new suffrage organizations in the state
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Miss Lily Ray Glenn from the National American Woman Suffrage Association gave her report to the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1914 about her recruiting work in Kentucky of that year, ranging from March 5 to November 11, 1914. She was directed in her Kentucky by Madeline McDowell Breckinridge to cover 45 counties in speaking on suffrage and forming suffrage clubs. She organized 27 county organizations in total. Here is her report about her work in Somerset: "In somerset, a town of about 5,000, I spoke at the Fountain Square. I reached Somerset at 3 in the afternoon and at once asked permission to use the courthouse that night (Saturday). They were not willing to give it to me, so I put up some handbills in the store windows (these were so worded as to fit any occasion, and I always carried them), announcing that I would speak at the Fountain Square, getting the permission of the Mayor and the Chief of Police I spoke from an auto, and the policeman on duty signed a card and helped distribute the literature. Mr. Flippin, Representative was in the crowd and shook hands with me afterwards, saying that he wanted me to know that he would work for woman suffrage and vote for it every time. It was a successful street meeting."


Associated Organization: Pike County Clerk
County: Pike
Name of Historic Site: Pike County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Glenn and Freeman spoke on suffrage at the Pike County Courthouse in Pikeville, KY
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Celia M. Fuller (Mrs. C.M.) Freeman, president of the Boyd County ERA, and Lily Ray Glenn, a NAWSA recruiter from Washington D.C., presented on Temperance and Woman's Rights (respectively) in the Pike County court room on Tuesday, July 14, 1914. The Pikeville Cornet Band performed for the attendees on the street before the meeting and during the meeting - Miss Glenn assured the KERA convention that this musical addition to the program helped draw crowds. The newspaper reporter described Glenn's speech as witty "and proved herself a thoroughly practical soldier in the cause." When a person in the crowd asserted that "woman's place is upon a pedestal in the home," Glenn used humor to reply. The reporter summarized: "She said that in Washington, where there were so many bronze figures upon pedestals, invariably they were of men, and if a spectator should find a woman in bronze or marble, she would be clinging to one of the lower corners, and not on top of the pedestal; in other words, merely an ornamentation." The meeting was a success, since the Pike County Suffrage Association formed there "with a large membership enrollment." Miss Mary Auxier was elected president.


Associated Organization: Johnson Memorial Cemetery
County: Pike
Name of Historic Site: Johnson Memorial Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Katherine Gudger Langley (1888-1948)

Katherine Gudger Langley (14 February 1888 - 15 August 1948) was the daughter of a North Carolina politician and wife to a Kentucky politician in Pikeville. She was educated at the Woman's College in Richmond, Virginia and at the Emerson College of Oratory in Boston, Massachusetts.  Two years after she married John W. Langley of Pikeville in 1905, he was elected as the Republic representative for the 10th District so they moved to Washington D.C. where she served as her husband's secretary for nearly two decades. He was a strong suffragist and is lauded for his support for the cause in the 1915 KERA convention report (page 15) and the 1917 report (pages 44, 51). She chaired the Pike County Red Cross Society during WWI, but more local research needs to be done to determine if she was active in the Pike County ERA (organized in 1914 with Mary Auxier, president). Langley became the first woman member of the Republican State Central Committee of Kentucky (1920), the founder of the Kentucky Woman's Republican State Committee (1920), the first Kentucky woman elected to Congress (serving from March 1927-March 1931), and the first woman to serve on the Republican Committee on Committees in the U.S. House of Representatives (1930). She was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
 


Associated Organization: Ohio County Government
County: Ohio
Name of Historic Site: Hartford Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Glenn gave a speech here during her 1914 suffrage tour across Kentucky. She was sent from NAWSA to help organize new suffrage organizations in the state
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Lily Ray Glenn, a NAWSA recruiter from Washington D.C., spoke on woman suffrage at the Hartford Courthouse during her 1914 suffrage tour across Kentucky. She arrived on Friday, May 8, 1914, and spoke at the courthouse the next night. The newspaper reporter was skeptical of her reception: "Miss Glenn fell into a rather hostile camp, as regards the doctrine she preaches, when she came to Hartford, but notwithstanding the opposition which she met, she was given a good sized audience at the court house." A local attorney, Ernest M. Woodward, introduced her and "made a splendid speech in behalf of Equal Rights for Women." Glenn then spoke for thirty minutes and the reporter admitted: "Her remarks were earnest and convincing." She was successful in her quest since the article follows up with the announcement of the creation of the Ohio County suffrage league with the election of Woodward as president, Mrs. Estill Thomas, vice-president, and Miss Margaret Marks, secretary and treasurer. In 1915, Lura Baker (Mrs. F.A.) Rothier of Covington presented on suffrage at the teachers' institute at Hartford at the District Baptist meeting and at the District meeting of the W.C.T.U. but there was no KERA report from Ohio County ERA in any subsequent years. Local research would be needed to determine the details of this league.


Associated Organization: Nicholas County Government
County: Nicholas
Name of Historic Site: Nicholas County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Henry gave a speech at the Nicholas County Courthouse in Carlisle, KY in 1892.
Years of Importance:1880-1894

As part of her work for the KERA Free Lecture Bureau, Josephine K. Henry gave presentations at the Carlisle Court House on the afternoon and evening of October 10th. She had been speaking at multiple sites that year, including before the legislature in Frankfort on February 10th, on the subject of women's property rights.


Associated Organization: Montgomery County Government
County: Montgomery
Name of Historic Site: Montgomery County Court House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: In January of 1914, Madeline McDowell Breckinridge spoke here, accompanied by Beatrice Moses.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

On Friday January 23, 1914, Madeline McDowell Breckinridge spoke here, accompanied by Beatrice Moses of Louisville, before a large crowd. She was introduced by Dr. W.R. Thompson, president of the Business Men's Club and the meeting was presided over by Mr. T. J. Bigstaff. Those interested in helping to form a club in Mt. Sterling were asked to sign a card and meet with Breckinridge and Moses on Saturday morning at the Court House. The local newspaper described the open-air meeting on page 1 of the Wednesday paper, and though the editors were complimentary of Mrs. Breckinridge, they were skeptical of the outcomes. "Mrs. Breckinridge is a brilliant woman and her address was very interesting as it was the first of its kind ever heard here. There has been very little interest in the woman's suffrage movement locally and we hardly think it will be a success in this community." (Mt. Sterling Advocate, Jan 28, 1914)  Nevertheless, a 1914 KERA list of League Presidents shows Montgomery County with Mrs. Hattie Howell of Mount Sterling as president. Local research is needed since there were no notices from this league in the KERA annual convention reports.


Associated Organization: Mercer County Circuit Clerk
County: Mercer
Name of Historic Site: Mercer County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Site of a 1914 debate on suffrage between Anderson County High School and Mercer County High School arranged by the Anderson County Equal Rights Association.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Rhoda C. Kavanaugh, principal of Anderson County High School and an "ardent suffragist," arranged public debates about women's suffrage at several county schools - with students performing the debate and judges selected from the community where the school was located. According to the report to KERA at the convention that fall, Anderson County was pro-suffrage, and the three boys from Anderson County High School won the three prizes awarded.


Associated Organization: Shaker Village at Pleasant Hill
County: Mercer
Name of Historic Site: Shakertown
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of Mary Settles, a Shaker who was also a supporter of suffrage

Mary Settles, or Sister Mary Settles as she was more commonly known, was the last living woman Shaker in the Shaker community near Harrodsburg, Kentucky that is now known as Shaker Village at Pleasant Hill. Near the end of her life, she passed away in 1923, she was interviewed and expressed her support for suffrage, stating that she felt women getting the right to vote was a great achievement.


Associated Organization: Oak Grove Cemetery
County: McCracken
Name of Historic Site: Oak Grove Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Dorothy Hellner Koger (1857-1930)

Burial place of Dorothy Hellner Koger (13 Aug 1857 - 17 Sep 1930), charter president of the Paducah Equal Rights Association. The Paducah Equal Rights Association was organized in September 1894 after a WCTU convention and Laura Clay's talk on suffrage. Koger was elected President with Mrs. C.L. Miller (Corresponding Secretary), Mrs. Rowena Rivers (Recording Secretary), and Mrs. Eliza Puryear (Treasurer). However, the club became defunct sometime after 1897 and in February 1912 KERA organizer Madeline McDowell Breckinridge helped create the McCracken County ERA in Paduch with sixty members. Under the leadership of Josephine Post, by 1915 the club had 350 members.
 


Associated Organization: Oak Grove Cemetery
County: McCracken
Name of Historic Site: Oak Grove Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Josephine Fowler Post (1870-1946)
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Paducah native Josephine Fowler Post was a suffragist involved in local, state, and national work. She was the President of the Paducah Equal Rights Association, a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, on the congressional committee of NAWSA in 1917, and after the passage of the 19th Amendment, she was a leader in the League of Women Voters. In 1915, she was named an Honorary Vice President of KERA. She is also known as Mrs. Edmund Post. The McCracken County Equal Rights Association of Paducah, Ky. was organized through the efforts of KERA officer Madeline McDowell Breckinridge in February 1912 - the Paducah Equal Rights Association, formed in 1894 through the efforts of Laura Clay, had gone defunct. Starting with sixty members, the McCracken ERA by 1915 under the leadership of Josephine Post had 350 members.


Associated Organization: Richmond Cemetery
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Richmond Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Kate Rose Wiggins (1854-1927)

Wiggins (1854-1927) was the Recording Secretary for the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1898-1899. She also served as the secretary for the Madison County Equal Rights Association. She was buried in Section O, Lot 99 of the Richmond Cemetery.


Associated Organization: Richmond Cemetery
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Richmond Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Mary Creegan Roark (1861-1922), KERA officer, educator and second president of Eastern Kentucky University
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Mary Creegan Roark (1 September 1861 - 1 February 1922) came from Brighton, Iowa and was educated at Nebraska University, Oberlin College and the National Normal School in Lebanon, Ohio. After earning both a Bachelor's of Science and of Art from the National Normal University she taught there for four years in Lebanon, Ohio. She came to Kentucky after she married Ruric Nevel Roark, a National Normal University graduate, on July 1, 1881. They served as principal and vice-principal at the Normal School in Glasgow from 1885 until 1889 when they moved to Lexington for Ruric's job as Dean of the Normal School Department at the Kentucky State College (now University of Kentucky). She started the Lexington chapter of the Sorosis woman's club and served as its President for many years. She was also a charter member of the Woman's Club of Central Kentucky. In the fall of 1895, Lexington's women voted in the local public school board elections and she was elected to the Lexington Public School Board. In 1898 she was elected as corresponding secretary for the Kentucky Equal Rights Association (KERA), an important position that coordinated the reports for all the local clubs. In 1903 she chaired the Woman's Council Committee, a joint group of KERA and Fayette ERA volunteers that organized a program for the Lexington Chatauqua at Woodland Park. Roark served as an officer in KERA for nearly every year until 1911, also taking on the role of chair of the Education Committee of the Kentucky Federation of Women's Club after the Kentucky legislature revoked the partial woman suffrage law. She collaborated with Madeline McDowell Breckinridge in writing op eds and pamphlets on the role of women in educational reform and women's suffrage. In 1905 the Roarks moved with their four children to Worchester, Mass., where her husband could work on his graduate studies for a year at Clark University. They then moved to Richmond when Ruric was appointed the first president of the Eastern Kentucky Normal School. He fell ill with brain cancer, and while he was being treated in a Cincinnati hospital, the trustees appointed Mary as acting president. When he died two months later on April 14, 1909, she was then officially appointed as president, and she was granted his salary -- an important point in her advocacy for women in education. In her leadership role at Eastern Normal School, she guided the addition of sports leagues at the school, established the first all-female residence hall and oversaw the erection of two new buildings on campus: Roark, which was used for teaching the sciences and agriculture as well as her administrative offices; and the new campus power plant. She was the first female to serve as president of a public higher education institution in Kentucky history. After her role as president ended in April 1910, she stayed on as Dean of Women until 1915. Then she left Kentucky to earn her Masters degree at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1916. She died while she was in Baltimore, and her body was brought back to be buried beside her husband and one of her sons Ruric (1894-1918) Her daughter Mary Kathleen Roark (1898-1981) was also buried alongside her there in Section J, Lot 681 in the Richmond Cemetery.


Associated Organization: Richmond Cemetery
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Richmond Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site for Dr. Pearl Chenault-Evans (1867-1946) aka Pearl Thum and Mrs. Pearl C. Drew

Burial place of Dr. Pearl Chenault-Evans (1867-1946), a founding member of the Fayette Equal Rights Association. This suffrage club was formed on January 6, 1888, under the leadership of her mother, Henrietta Bronston Chenault (1835-1918) and Laura Clay. See the 1889 roster of Fayette County ERA members includes "Mrs. Pearl Chenault-Evans" who resided at E.K. [Eastern Kentucky Insane] Asylum. Her sister, Dr. Emily "Emma" Chenault Runyon, was also a founding member of the Fayette County ERA. Pearl had  married Dr. Silas A. Evans Jr. (who took over as Director at High Oaks Sanitarium in Lexington after the death of her father, Dr. R. C. Chenault).  Probably due to the influence of the Chenault women, the leaders of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association throughout the 1880s and '90s regularly petitioned the General Assembly to make mandatory appointments of women physicians in the Insane Asylums of the state. Their petition for a bill finally passed in 1898 and became law with signature of Gov. W.O. Bradley. She later married Dr. Mandeville Thum, Jr. (1857-1910) of Louisville on June 17, 1909, in Floyd County, Indiana, then married Edward W. Drew. She was buried in the Richmond Cemetery (Section B, Lot 77) near her parents and brother.


Associated Organization: Eastern Kentucky University
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Eastern Kentucky University, Roark Building
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Mary Creegan Roark (1861-1922) moved her administrative offices from the old Central University Building in 1909 to the Roark Building while she served as the second president of Eastern Kentucky Normal School (today known as Eastern Kentucky University).
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Mary Creegan Roark (1 September 1861 - 1 February 1922) was a college professor from Iowa who came to Kentucky after she married Ruric Nevel Roark in 1881. They were principal and vice-principal at the Normal School in Glasgow from 1885 until 1889 when they moved to Lexington for Ruric's job as Dean of the Normal School Department at the Kentucky State College (now University of Kentucky). She started the Lexington chapter of the Sorosis woman's club and served as its President for many years. She was also a charter member of the Woman's Club of Central Kentucky. In the fall of 1895, Lexington's women voted in the local public school board elections and she was elected to the Lexington Public School Board. In 1898 she was elected as corresponding secretary for the Kentucky Equal Rights Association (KERA), an important position that coordinated the reports for all the local clubs. In 1903 she chaired the Woman's Council Committee, a joint group of KERA and Fayette ERA volunteers that organized a program for the Lexington Chatauqua at Woodland Park. Roark served as an officer in KERA for nearly every year until 1911, also taking on the role of chair of the Education Committee of the Kentucky Federation of Women's Club after the Kentucky legislature revoked the partial woman suffrage law. In her leadership role at Eastern Normal School, she established the first all-female residence hall and built the new administrative building which was also used for teaching the sciences and agriculture. She was the first female to serve as president of a public higher education institution in Kentucky history. After her husband died in 1909 and her role as president ended in April 1910, she stayed on as Dean of Women until 1915. Then she left Kentucky to earn her Masters degree at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1916. She died while she was in Baltimore, and her body was brought back to be buried beside her husband and one of her sons in the Richmond Cemetery.


Associated Organization: Richmond Cemetery
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Richmond Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Henrietta Bronston Chenault (1835–1918)
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Henrietta "Ettie" Earle Bronston Chenault (8 October 1835 – 8 January 1918) and Laura Clay called a public meeting in Lexington which formed the Fayette County Equal Rights Association on January 6, 1888. Chenault served as the founding Corresponding Secretary for FERA and two of her daughters (Pearl and Emma) were members. Together Chenault and Clay organized the 1888 tour of Zeralda Wallace, a Kentuckian from Bourbon County working for the national WCTU Franchise Department, to speak from a WCTU perspective on the need for women's suffrage. Henrietta married Dr. Robert Cameron Chenault on 22 July 1856 in Madison County and they moved to Lexington where he took a job as the Eastern Kentucky Insane Asylum Director - he also established the High Oaks Sanitarium in Lexington. They lived on South Broadway. Together they had six children, four of whom lived to adulthood. The daughters were also involved in the suffrage movement: Dr. Emily "Emma" Earle Chenault-Runyon (1857-1956) who married about 1888 Dr. Asa Runyon of Virginia; Mary Etta Chenault Bowmar (1864-1955) who married Aithison Alexander Bowmar on 14 Jun 1894 in Glenview, Jefferson County KY; and, Pearl Chenault (1867-1946) who married Dr. Silas A. Evans Jr. (who took over High Oaks Sanitarium after the death of Dr. Chenault) and was a member of the Fayette Equal Rights Assoc. from the beginning. Pearl later married Dr. Mandeville Thum, Jr. (1857-1910) of Louisville June 17, 1909 in Floyd County, Indiana, then Edward W. Drew. She is also buried in the Richmond Cemetery near her parents and brother. Dr. Chenault-Runyon earned her medical degree at the University of Michigan and practiced in Virginia; she is buried in the Lexington Cemetery near her husband. Henrietta Bronston Chenault is buried in Section B, Lot 77 of the Richmond Cemetery between her husband and son.


Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial site of Dr. Emily "Emma" Earle Chenault-Runyon (1857-1956)
Years of Importance:1880-1894

Dr. Emily "Emma" Earle Chenault-Runyon (14 December 1857 - 2 April 1956) was a founding member of the Fayette County Equal Rights Association. This suffrage club was formed on January 6, 1888, under the leadership of her mother, Henrietta B. Chenault (1835-1918) and Laura Clay. She was educated at the University of Michigan and married about 1888 Dr. Asa Runyon of Virginia. She began practicing there where she was considered a pioneer woman physician. In an interview published in the Richmond Times Dispatch (9 June 1940) she is quoted as saying: "It's a wonder I have any hands at all after banging on a stone wall to make a hole for women to creep through. (p. 6)" Her sister, Dr. Pearl Chenault Evans (later Thum then finally Drew) was also a founding member of the Fayette Co. ERA and is listed in the membership roster as residing at the E.K. [Eastern Kentucky Insane] Asylum. Probably due to the influence of the Chenault women, the leaders of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association throughout the 1880s and '90s regularly petitioned the General Assembly to make mandatory appointments of women physicians in the Insane Asylums of the state. Dr. Chenault-Runyon is buried in the Lexington Cemetery Section D, Lot 38 in a plot together with her husband.


Associated Organization: Richmond Cemetery
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Richmond Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Belle Harris Bennett

Bennett (1852-1922) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and beyond her work championing woman suffrage, she was also active in church reform. She fundraised for and oversaw the construction of four parochial schools: the Scarritt Bible and Training School (relocated to Nashville, Tennessee, and renamed Scarritt College for Christian Workers), the Sue Bennett Memorial School in London, Kentucky, and a woman’s college (later named for her) in Rio de Janeiro, and the Woman’s Christian Medical College in Shanghai. She worked to establish Wesley Community Houses and Bethlehem Houses in many cities for the empowerment of blacks. She also led the movement which resulted in the founding of Paine College in Augusta, Georgia, a school for African-American girls. With the help of the Madison County Superintendent she established the Madison County Colored Chautauqua in 1915, which featured national icons George Washington Carver and W.E.B. DuBois. She became president of the Woman’s Board of Home Missions for the Methodist Episcopal Church and worked tirelessly for church suffrage 
for women - she was the first woman to be elected a delegate to the church's General Conference. She died in her home in Richmond on 20 July 1922 and was buried in the Richmond Cemetery, Section E, Lot 29.


Associated Organization: The Bennett House Bed and Breakfast
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: The Bennett House Bed and Breakfast
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of the Bennett family, built in 1889 by the widow Elizabeth Chenault Bennett for herself, her two single daughters (Belle Harris Bennett and Susan Ann Bennett) and her son, James (married to Sarah Lewis Clay).

The newly widowed Elizabeth Chenault Bennett (1815–1897) moved from her farm Homelands in Foxtown near Richmond to her newly built house on Main Street around 1890. She hired Samuel E. des Jarins, an architect from Cincinnati to design the house in a Queen Ann style with Romanesque detailing. The house was used for many Kentucky suffrage events and hosting of national celebraties while Sallie Clay (Mrs. James) Bennett was president of the Madison County Equal Rights Association. It was also the home of James's sisters: Belle Harris Bennett, suffragist and Methodist missionary, and Susan Ann Bennett (who died soon after moving into Richmond and after whom Belle named a college in London, Kentucky). Now used as a bed and breakfast hotel.


Associated Organization: Richmond Cemetery
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Richmond Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Sarah "Sallie" Clay Bennett
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912

Sallie Clay Bennett (1841-1935) was the daughter of Mary Jane Warfield Clay and sister to Laura Clay and Mary Barr Clay, each members of the suffrage movement. Bennett herself was a prominent member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and President of the Madison County Equal Rights Association. She was married to James Bennett of Richmond and together they had five children. As early as 1882 on behalf of the Kentucky Woman Suffrage Association (precursor to KERA) and Madison County ERA, she lobbied together with her sister Mary Barr Clay the judiciary committee of the state Senate - seeking municipal and presidential suffrage, property rights for married women, and 
guardianship of children. She spoke before the U.S. Senate Committee on Woman Suffrage in 1894 arguing for the rights of both black and white women.  She chaired NAWSA's Federal Suffrage Committee, and in 1896 she wrote a political treatise that was presented to Congress by Senator Lindsay and Repreentative McCreary on behalf of the NAWSA, "asking Congress to protect white and black women equally with black men against State denial of the right to vote for members of Congress and the Presidential electors in the States, under the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Federal Constitution, in accordance with the combined Minor vs. Happersett and Yarborough decisions of the Judges of the Supreme Court of the United States. (1897 NAWSA Convention Proceedings, 44)" She also wrote private letters to every member of the U.S. Congress, enclosing a copy of the treatise. She sent a copy of the treatise to the editors of newspapers "in every State of the Union" requesting that it be published. She is buried in Section E, Lot 18 of the Richmond Cemetery.


Associated Organization: A.R. Dyche Memorial Park
County: Laurel
Name of Historic Site: A.R. Dyche Memorial Park
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Sarah Hardin Sawyer

Sarah Hardin Sawyer (1857-1916) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and served as the Superintendent of the Department of Bible Study. She also served as the recording secretary for the Laurel County Equal Rights Association, founded in London on July 8, 1889. Sawyer also served as a lecturer in the KERA Free Lecture Bureau with her traveling expenses paid by KERA, see for example the report on her work with ministers and also her reimbursement for traveling as a member of the Free Lecture Bureau in the KERA Minutes of the Third Annual Convention (1890) <https://exploreuk.uky.edu/catalog/xt7qjq0stw6w_1#page/13/mode/1up/search/sawyer>.


Associated Organization: Barbourville Cemetery
County: Knox
Name of Historic Site: Barbourville Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Ada Franklin Walton

Ada Franklin Walton (1871-1903) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. She served as the secretary of the Barbourville Equal Rights Association as well.


Associated Organization: Barbourville Cemetery
County: Knox
Name of Historic Site: Barbourville Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Elizabeth Pogue Tinsley

Elizabeth "Bettie" Pogue Tinsley (6 December 1849 - 7 December 1912) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and also the Barbourville Equal Rights Association for which she served as the treasurer. She was married to the attorney James H. Tinsley (19 January 1843 - 3 February 1912), and they had a son Edward Warren Tinsley (1878–1941). They lived in Covington toward the end of their lives.


Associated Organization: Barbourville Cemetery
County: Knox
Name of Historic Site: Barbourville Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Martha Ann Tinsley

Martha Ann Tinsley (1853-1936) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and President of the Barbourville Equal Rights Association when it was formed in 1897. She is also known as Mrs. M.A. Tinsley.


Associated Organization: Hindman Settlement School
County: Knott
Name of Historic Site: Hindman Settlement School
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Obenchain sent suffrage literature to Katherine Pettit's settlement school in Hindman in 1908, because she considered it a good "field for suffrage work."
Years of Importance:1894-1912

KERA publications officer Lida Calvert Obenchain reported to the state convention in 1908 that she sent suffrage literature to Katherine
Pettit's settlement school in Hindman because she considered it a good "field for suffrage work." Katherine Pettit founded the Hindman
Settlement School in 1902 through her work with Frances Beauchamp, president of the Ky. Women's Christian Temperance Union. They were both also involved with the Kentucky Equal Rights Association.


Associated Organization: Highland Cemetery
County: Kenton
Name of Historic Site: Highland Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Jessie Edith Riddell Firth

Firth (1864-1950) was a suffrage leader in Covington and also the second vice President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. Besides her leadership, she also contributed suffrage songs to the movement. After women got the right to vote, Firth was a leader in the League of Women Voters. She is also known as Mrs. Charles Firth.


Associated Organization: Trinity Episcopal Church of Covington Kentucky
County: Kenton
Name of Historic Site: Trinity Church
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: The annual convention of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association was held at Trinity Church in 1897, 1901, 1902, and 1903.
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Associated Organization: Dollar Store
County: Kenton
Name of Historic Site: Home of Trimble Family
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Site of home of Mary Barlow Trimble and Kate Trimble Woolsey

Site of the home of Kentucky suffragist Mary Barlow Trimble (5 September 1831 - 20 September 1912), the second wife of Judge William Wallace Trimble and her five children. The large house was on the southeast corner of Madison Avenue and Robbins Street and was bought in Mary Trimble's name. Trimble was a founder of the Covington Equal Rights Club, and in 1894 Susan B. Anthony and Helen Taylor Upton stayed with the Trimble family in Covington while they attended the Ohio Women's Suffrage convention in Cincinnati. In 1895 Trimble hosted Mrs. Lillian Deveraux Blake, a suffragist from New York. By 1901 she was listed as a life member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and in 1902 she was honored as a pioneer activist for woman suffrage at the NAWSA convention in Washington D.C. Her letter to the editor of the Kentucky Post (February 10, 1904) pressed that women's role included the reponsibility of keeping the life of one's community, state and nation clean and orderly - and that women's right to vote was crucial to achieving this end. She also warned that men should not expect women to maintain their homes when they had no real voice in electoral politics. Her daughters Helen Trimble Highton and Frances "Fannie" Trimble Fackler were also active suffragists locally and for the state.  Her son William moved to Seattle where he became a millionaire. Another daughter Kate Trimble Woolsey wrote a pro-suffrage book Republics versus Woman published in 1903. Mary Trimble appointed Kate as executor of her large estate (which was shared among her five children); and, a widow at 81 living with Helen in the Trimble mansion, she died in 1912. She was buried next to her husband, two children and a grandchild in the Battle Grove Cemetery in Cynthiana. In 1916, the Trimble mansion was put up for auction, and it finally sold in 1920. The house is no longer extant and the site contains a retail store.


Associated Organization: Battle Grove Cemetery
County: Harrison
Name of Historic Site: Battle Grove Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Kate Trimble de Roode Woolsey (1858-1936)
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920
, Years of Importance:1920-present

Kate Trimble Woolsey (1858-1936) was the daughter of Judge William Wallace Trimble of Cynthiana, and his second wife Mary Barlow Trimble (1831-1912) who was born in France but raised in Kentucky. Woolsey was an author and suffragist who often traveled with her friend Susan B. Anthony. Her mother Mary Barlow Trimble was was one of the founders of the Covington Equal Rights Club. Kate's sisters, Frances "Fannie" Trimble Fackler (1854-1930) and Helen Trimble Highton (1860-?), were also suffragists working for the local and state associations. Other siblings included William Pitt Trimble who became a millionaire in Seattle and Lawrence. Kate joined the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1880, and in 1881 she married Eugene H. de Roode (1857-1887) of Lexington who moved to Covington to live with her there. They had a son together, Trimble de Roode (1884-1965). While her husband was ill with malaria and dying, Kate applied to gain custody of her fortune and child by petitioning the court to act as a femme-sole. She summarized the status of Kentucky women under state law in Volume 3 of The History of Woman Suffrage (1885) which was appended to the Kentucky report submitted by Mary Barr Clay. At the age of 37, Kate married divorcee Edward J. Woolsey of Astoria, New York in 1893. When he died in 1895, she went to live in England. There she published her book "Republics versus Woman: Contrasting the Treatment Accorded to Woman in Aristocracies with that Meted Out to Her in Democracies" in 1903. She used much of her book for speeches given at suffrage meetings locally and at the national conventions of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Her mother, a widow at 81 living with Helen in the Trimble mansion, died in 1912; she had appointed Kate to be the executor of her large estate which was shared among the five children. Kate died in 1936 and was buried near her parents, brother Lawrence and her son Trimble de Roode in the Battle Grove Cemetery in Cynthiana.
 


Associated Organization: Linden Grove Cemetery
County: Kenton
Name of Historic Site: Linden Grove Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Lura Baker Rothier
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Lura Baker Rothier (1856-1945) was the Third Vice President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1915. She is also known as Mrs. F.A. Rothier. Rothier was married to Frank A. Rothier and they had two children. She later became president of the Kenton County Democratic Women's Club.


Associated Organization: Linden Grove Cemetery
County: Kenton
Name of Historic Site: Linden Grove Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Dr. Louise Southgate

Dr. Louise Southgate (1857-1941) was a physician and also an active member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, where she served as the Superintendent of the organization's Department of Hygiene and Physical Culture. Dr. Southgate was an early proponent for women's reproductive health and women's right to birth control. In 1910 Southgate spoke at the Kentucky Equal Rights Association’s state convention on “The Sisterhood of Women.” She lived and practiced from her home at 124 Garrard Street in Covington. She was a member of the Cincinnati Women's Club as well as serving as a KERA publications superintendent and as state historian.


Associated Organization: Linden Grove Cemetery
County: Kenton
Name of Historic Site: Linden Grove Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Nancy Sandford McLaughlin
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Nancy W. Sandford McLaughlin (1852-1945) was the Secretary for the Twentieth Century Club of Covington which worked to organize the women's vote for school suffrage as well as supporting lobbyists for full suffrage. She lived at 1011 Scott Street in Covington with her husband Edward Ball McLaughlin (1853-1911) and two children. She served as a Vice-President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1901-1912 and was elected to attend national suffrage conventions on behalf of Kentucky.

 


Associated Organization: Louisville Gardens
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Armory Building
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Ida B. Wells spoke here at the national convention of the National Association of Colored Women in 1910.
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Ida B. Wells-Barnett of Chicago was a leader of the African-American woman's suffrage movement and journalist whose articles and books on lynching exposed the truth about post-Civil War violence. She also served as the president of the Alpha Suffrage Club and mentored the Kentuckian Bettiola Heloise Fortson, a poet from Hopkinsville, who took a leadership role in this large club.


Associated Organization: Prince Hall Grand Lodge
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Masonic Temple
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Lucy Stone, New England abolitionist and women's rights advocate, spoke here in 1853.
Years of Importance:1792-1879

After the first National Women's Rights Convention in 1850 in Worcester, Massachusetts, abolitionist Lucy Stone launched her career as an independent women's rights lecturer. Wearing her Bloomer dress and with her hair bobbed short, Stone organized lecture tours through several 
southern and western states. She spent four nights in Louisville speaking on women's rights - well advertised by newspaperman George 
Prentice - every night's events were standing room only. She earned $600 from her lectures in Louisville. After the Civil War, Stone, her husband Henry Blackwell and their daughter Alice Stone Blackwell, all became prominent national suffrage leaders.


Associated Organization: Fernwood Cemetery
County: Henderson
Name of Historic Site: Fernwood Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Eliza Bell Atkinson Lockett
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Lockett (1853-1933) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and also the Chairman of the Henderson Committee of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1905. Also known as Mrs. J.W. Lockett.


Associated Organization: Wolnitzek, Rowekamp & DeMarcus, P.S.C. Attorneys at Law
County: Kenton
Name of Historic Site: George W. Hamilton House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of Mattie Bruce Reynolds

Append the following to existing content under "Additional Comments": Mattie Withers Bruce Reynolds (1854-1916) was a member of the Kenton
County Equal Rights Association, and hosted national suffragist visitors in her home. In March 1913 Reynolds marched with other Kentucky women -- including Mary Light Ogle, Jessie Firth, Mrs. Frank Loring and Mrs. Blauvelt -- in the suffragist parade in Washington, D.C. She was a
founding member of the John Marshall chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (founded 1892).  She was also active in the Albert
Sydney Johnston Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy - and founded the Children of the Confederacy E. M. Bruce Chapter on March 8, 1901. She was also a member of the Covington Art Club. Upon her death, the Kenton Co. Equal Franchise Association published a resolution in her honor, proclaiming she was one of the most prominent and valued members. She is buried at Highland Cemetery in Fort Mitchell, Ky.


Associated Organization: Also known as the Newport Cemetery
County: Campbell
Name of Historic Site: Evergreen Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mrs. Annie Laurie Quinby (1830-1897), founding member of the Advisory Board for the National Woman Suffrage Association and leader of the Cincinnati Equal Rights Society

On the founding constitution of the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869, under the list of Advisory Committee members, you will find the name "Ann L. Quinby of Newport, Kentucky." She was born in 1830 in London, England, to John William and Elizabeth (Johnston) Laurie; and, her  parents brought her to the U.S. at a young age. She was a widow with four children when she met Joseph Baileys Quinby (1 July 1865 - 15 September 1889), an abolitionist in New Orleans who was originally from Cincinnati. She thereafter became the mother of thirteen: five girls and eight boys. In a biographical sketch of his parents, Laurie J. Quinby of Omaha wrote: "My mother used to tell me that she took me as an infant in arms to one of the first, if not the first, woman suffrage conventions, held in the United States. It was in the city of New York." He is very likely referring to the organizing meeting of the National Woman Suffrage Association in May 1869 which happened as a result of a split in the American Equal Rights Association. While in Cincinnati, Mr. Quinby was editor of the Cincinnati Times and of the Newport (Ky.) Leader. According to their son, both he and his wife "took a copyright 30 Mar. 1872, on the Weekly Campbell County Leader. Mr. Quinby afterward lived at Dayton, Ky., was one of the three original members of the Union League and died at Dayton. When the Quinby family lived in Dayton, according to her son, she published at her own expense "a little paper called the Aegis, devoted exclusively to the cause of woman suffrage." She and J.B. Quinby are mentioned several times in Volume 3 of the History of Women's Suffrage, for their work with the Cincinnati Equal Rights Society (also referred to as the Cincinnati Equal Rights Association, which had formed March 28, 1868, as a chapter of the American Equal Rights Association). He was Vice President and she was on the Executive Committee of the local club. As a member of the National Woman Suffrage Association, she led the creation of several Business Committee resolutions and contributed a section of the history of Ohio's suffrage movement to Anthony and Stanton's Volume 3 of their history of women's suffrage (491-500). She died on November 18, 1897, in Dayton, Kentucky, and is buried in the Evergreen Cemetery (also known as the Newport Cemetery) section 20, lot 88, near the graves of her mother and husband.


Associated Organization: Danville Cemetery
County: Boyle
Name of Historic Site: Bellevue Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mary Eliza Robinson Dobyns (1841-1926), Vice President of the National Woman Suffrage Association when it formed in 1869
Years of Importance:1792-1879

Mary Eliza Robinson Dobyns (18 April 1841 - 29 December 1926) was the daughter of Margaret and Richard Robinson - Margaret was the daughter of William Hoskins of Hoskins' Cross Roads. While living in the farmhouse there, Mary made the first flag for Camp Dick Robinson. She married George Henry Dobyns (1835-1899) of nearby Danville and in 1869 was a founding Vice President of the National Woman Suffrage Association. See the names on the National Woman Suffrage Association Constitution dated 1869.  In 1875 she served as a member of the NWSA's Business Committee, according to the History of Women's Suffrage. She and her husband are buried in Section 3, Lot 12 of Bellevue Cemetery (also known as Danville Cemetery) in Danville, Kentucky.


Associated Organization: Our Lady of the Mountains School
County: Johnson
Name of Historic Site: Mayo Mansion
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: First home of Alice Jane Mayo (1877-1961), philanthropist and land speculator, who served as a member of the 1915 Advisory Board for the Kentucky Equal Rights Association.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Alice Jane Meek Mayo was the wife of land and coal speculator John C.C. Mayo. Alice helped her husband in the land speculating that built a large fortune, that would allow them to built a mansion in Paintsville. In 1915, Alice was listed as one of the members of the Advisory Board for the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, connecting her to the suffrage movement.


Associated Organization: Wilmore Cemetery, operations by the city of Wilmore
County: Jessamine
Name of Historic Site: Wilmore Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mary Wallingford Hughes

Mary Wallingford Hughes was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and the Wilmore Equal Rights Association. She was the Vice-President of the Wilmore ERA in 1897.


Associated Organization: Jessamine County Government
County: Jessamine
Name of Historic Site: Jessamine County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Josephine Henry gave a speech on woman suffrage here in September 1894.
Years of Importance:1880-1894

As a member of the KERA Free Lecture Bureau, Josephine K. Henry addressed the Teachers' Institute of Woodford County on the September
27th on the topic of woman suffrage. The next day, she presented at a joint session of the Woodford and Jessamine County Teachers Institute in
the court house at Nicholasville. There she distributed 400 pages of KERA literature and 100 "Woman's Column," a four-page weekly newsletter
summarizing news from the Woman's Journal.


Associated Organization: The Temple Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: The Temple Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Rebecca R. Judah
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Rebecca R. Judah was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, serving as a Vice President and Treasurer during the 1910s. She is also known as Mrs. J.B. Judah


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Virginia Robb McDowell

Virginia Robb McDowell served as the Recording Secretary of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1913, 1914, and 1917 and as the First Vice President in 1915. She was married to Robinson A. McDowell, a first cousin of Kentucky Equal Rights Association President Madeline McDowell Breckinridge. She is also known as Mrs. R.A. McDowell.


Associated Organization: Cave Hill Cemetery
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Cave Hill Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Margaret Weissinger Castleman

Margaret Weissinger Castleman (1880-1945) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, serving as the Second Vice President from 1919-1920. She was a leader in several clubs in Louisville and after the dissolution of KERA, served as an orator on behalf of women in the Democratic Party of Kentucky. She is also known as Mrs. Samuel T. Castleman. She was buried in Louisville's Cave Hill Cemetery in Section 1, Lot 13, Grave 4.


Associated Organization: Heyburn Building LLC
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Susan Look Avery Home (no longer extant)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of Susan Look Avery, an active member of the Louisville Woman's Club and Kentucky Equal Rights Association.
Years of Importance:1880-1894

Susan Look Avery (October 27, 1817 – February 1, 1915) was a key leader in both the women's club and suffrage movements, as a co-founder of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, the Louisville Equal Rights Association (later the Louisville Suffrage Association), and the Louisville Woman's Club. She invited American Woman Suffrage Association leaders Henry Blackwell and Lucy Stone to her home when they came to Louisville for the 1881 American Woman Suffrage Association's national meeting (the first national suffrage convention held South of the Ohio River).


Associated Organization: Odd Fellows Cemetery
County: Hopkins
Name of Historic Site: Odd Fellows Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Virginia Franceway

Franceway (1842-1920) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and the President of the Hopkins County Equal Rights Association.


County: Hopkins
Name of Historic Site: Hopkins County Court House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Susan Fessenden gave a speech at the Hopkins County Court House on September 16, 1905.
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Mrs. Susan Breeze Snowden Fessenden (1840-1933) was from Cincinnati and at the time of this event lived in Boston, MA. She was Vice-President of the Massachusetts Woman's Suffrage Association and a national lecturer for the W.C.T.U. She also taught classes in parliamentary law.


Associated Organization: Battle Grove Cemetery
County: Harrison
Name of Historic Site: Battle Grove Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mary Barlow Trimble

Trimble was a resident of Covington and an active supporter of woman suffrage who helped to found the Covington Equal Rights Club.


Associated Organization: Memory Gardens
County: Hancock
Name of Historic Site: Hawesville Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Martha Hall Hennen

Hennen (1836-1914) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and also the Chairman of the Hawesville Committee of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1905.


Associated Organization: Garrard County Government
County: Garrad
Name of Historic Site: Garrad County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Henry gave a suffrage speech at the courthouse in Lancaster, Kentucky on April 29, 1897.
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Associated Organization: Gallatin County Government
County: Gallatin
Name of Historic Site: Gallatin County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Glenn gave a speech here during her 1914 suffrage tour across Kentucky. She was sent from NAWSA to help organize new suffrage organizations in the state
Years of Importance:1912-1920

County: Fulton
Name of Historic Site: Hubbard Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Sallie M. Hubbard

Sallie M. Hubbard was a passionate member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. She served as the superintendent of the National Enrollment Department, and once donated $1000 to the organization. She is also known as Mrs. S.M. Hubbard.


County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: South-Willis House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of Christine Bradley South

South was the president of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1916-1919. She was the daughter of a Kentucky governor, William O. Bradley and Margaret Duncan Bradley. She is also known as Mrs. John Glover South.


Associated Organization: Kentucky Historical Society
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Old State Capitol
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Suffrage supporter John D. White served as a member of the House of Representatives in this building

John D. White was a politician from Clay County and also a suffrage supporter. His wife, Alice Harris White was the secretary and treasurer of the Louisville Equal Rights Association. John's sister Laura White was also a suffrage supporter, serving as an active member in the Kentucky Equal Rights Association for many years.


Associated Organization: Kentucky State Government
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Kentucky State Capitol
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Henry spoke during the 1890 General Assembly on the Property Rights Bill, which called for increased property rights for married women.
Years of Importance:1880-1894

Henry (1846-1928) was a Versailles resident and member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in the late nineteenth century. She was particularly involved in efforts to get legislation on topics such as property rights for women passed and lobbied in Frankfort with other KERA members on multiple occasions.


Associated Organization: Kentucky Historical Marker Program
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Historic Marker #2167
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Marker commemorating Cromwell and her election in 1923 as the secretary of state in Kentucky. She was the first woman to hold this position in Kentucky.

Associated Organization: Mapleview Cemetery
County: Crittenden
Name of Historic Site: Mapleview Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Evelyn Shelby Roberts (4 September 1882 - 19 March 1921)
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Roberts was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, and also the President of the Crittenden County Equal Suffrage League in 1917. She is also known was Mrs. George P. Roberts. According to her obituary in The Crittenden Press, she was a direct descendant of Isaac Shelby, the first Governor of Kentucky. Her husband George Pennell Roberts was the President of the Gugenheim Mining Co. and the Roberts Fluor Spar Co.


County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Ida Withers Harrison Home
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of Ida Withers Harrison

Harrison (1851-1927), President of the Woman's Club of Central Kentucky and State Chairman of Social Hygiene for the Kentucky Federation of Women's Clubs, was a supporter of woman suffrage, especially school suffrage. When school suffrage for women was made legal in second-class cities in 1894, Harrison was one of the candidates for school board in Lexington.


Associated Organization: Cove Haven Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Cove Haven Cemetery (Greenwood Cemetery)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mary E. Britton

Mary E. Britton  (17 April 1855 - 27 August 1925) was a physician and activist in Lexington. She was one of the first African American women to graduate from Berea College, where she earned her teaching degree. She continued her education and became a licensed physician, becoming the first African American woman in Lexington with this distinction. Throughout her life, she was also a supporter of the suffrage movement, giving speeches to support the cause.


Associated Organization: Christ Church Cathedral
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Christ Church Cathedral
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Site of the funeral of Jessie Leigh Hutchinson

Jessie Leigh Hutchinson was the First Vice President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1912-1915 and in 1917. She was also a member of the Women's Club of Central Kentucky. Jessie Leigh Hutchinson is also known was Mrs. E.L. Hutchinson.


Associated Organization: Rosehill-Elmwood Cemetery
County: Daviess
Name of Historic Site: Rosehill-Elmwood Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Fanny Hays
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Frances "Fanny" Harrison Hays (1863-1930) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, serving for a while as a Superintendent of
Publications, Vice-President and Recording Secretary of the organization. She was also the Recording Secretary of the Owensboro Equal Rights Association. She is also known as Mrs. J.D. Hays.


Associated Organization: Frankfort Cemetery
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Frankfort Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Margaret Robinson Duncan Bradley

Bradley (1 January 1846 - 8 September 1923) , a native of Garrard County, lived in Lancaster for most of her life and served as the President of the Lancaster Equal Rights Association. She was also the mother of Kentucky Equal Rights Association President Christine Bradley South and the wife of Kentucky Governor William O. Bradley.


Associated Organization: Frankfort Cemetery
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Frankfort Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Hallie Herndon

Hallie Herndon (died 24 January, 1905) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. She was elected to be the first official State Historian for the organization in 1903. Herndon also served as the President of the Frankfort Equal Rights Association. She was the founder of the Frankfort Civic Improvement Society, as well as an officer and member of the Kentucky Historical Society -- serving as a consultant in 1903 for the Gov. William Goebel Monument Committee upon invitation by Kentucky Senator McCreary.


Associated Organization: Frankfort Cemetery
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Frankfort Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Christine Bradley South

Christine Duncan Bradley South (20 December 1879 - 20 February 1957) was president of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1916-1919. She was the daughter of a Kentucky Governor William O. Bradley and Margaret Duncan Bradley, and wife of John Glover South. Mrs. South was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Kentucky, 1920, 1928, 1932; and, she was a member of Republican National Committee from Kentucky in 1937.


Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mary C. Cramer
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Mary C. Cramer (1847-1915) was an officer of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, serving as Vice President from 1892 to 1913.


County: Clay
Name of Historic Site: White Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Laura White
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Laura Rogers White (1852-1929) was a native of Clay County, born near Manchester. She attended the University of Michigan (1870-74) and she later worked as an architect, an uncommon profession for women in the nineteenth century. She taught school at home in Clay County and in
Laurel County. She was the Kentucky's chair of the Women's Peace Party chapter, and led the "Peace and Arbitration" committee in the Ky. Equal
Rights Association during World War I - from Ashland, Kentucky. She was also a member of the Ashland Equal Rights Association.


County: Clay
Name of Historic Site: White Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Alice Harris White
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Alice Harris White (1856-1935) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and the secretary and treasurer of the Louisville Equal Rights Association. She was married to John D. White, and is sometimes noted with this name.


County: Clay
Name of Historic Site: White Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of John D. White
Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

John D. White was a politician from Clay County and also a suffrage supporter. His wife, Alice Harris White was the secretary and treasurer of the Louisville Equal Rights Association. John's sister Laura White was also a suffrage supporter, serving as an active member in the Kentucky Equal Rights Association for many years. The three of them attended the 1908 KERA convention.

As a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, he made the motion that created a Select Committee on Woman Suffrage in 1882 - the U.S.
Senate had also created a Committee on Woman Suffrage. He introduced a woman suffrage bill on July 10, 1883, which was referred to the Select Committee and on March 1, 1883, Congress received for the first time ever a favorable majority committee report on this topic.


Associated Organization: Christian County Clerk's Office
County: Christian
Name of Historic Site: Christian County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: In June of 1914, Madeline McDowell Breckinridge, president of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, gave a suffrage speech at the courthouse in Hopkinsville.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Madeline McDowell Breckinridge was the President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1912-1915 and 1919-1920.


County: Carter
Name of Historic Site: Old Grayson Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Juliet Lansdowne Powers
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

Juliet Lansdowne Powers (1852-1947) of Grayson served as president of the Carter County Equal Rights Association since 1909. In the Kentucky Equal Rights Association convention minutes in 1914, she reported: "Great effort made to get out woman vote, and all over the county women have taken considerable interest and voted at two elections." She also wrote in that she had that year organized three suffrage demonstration meetings in Carter County which "have opened the eyes of the blind and made men and women think as never before, and encouraged women to read and think for themselves (22)."


Associated Organization: Carroll County Government
County: Carroll
Name of Historic Site: Carroll County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: NAWSA suffragist speech presented here by Miss Lily Ray Glenn.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

As a representative of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, Miss Lily Ray Glenn gave a speech here during her 1914 suffrage tour across Kentucky to help start a local chapter of the KERA. She had successfully launched other local suffragist clubs in Kentucky. In April she was also in Hopkinsville to help launch the Christian County Woman Suffrage League (see more on this in Meacham's History of Christian County, Kentucky). Much of her success was probably due to the fact that her father was from Todd County and she could make personal connections with Kentuckians.


Associated Organization: Arlington Cemetery
County: Carlisle
Name of Historic Site: Arlington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Ida Stanley

Ida Ella McKinney Stanley (1858-1900) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. She was also the President of the Arlington Equal Rights Association.


Associated Organization: Evergreen Cemetery
County: Campbell
Name of Historic Site: Evergreen Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Ann Shaler Berry

Shaler (1846-1908) was a suffragist from Newport who was connected to national leaders like Susan B. Anthony, who stayed at Berry's house when she gave a speech in Newport in 1879.


Associated Organization: Germantown Christian Church
County: Bracken
Name of Historic Site: Germantown Christian Church and Maple Grove Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Alice Lloyd
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Alice Lloyd (1864-1951) was a teacher and suffragist who grew up on a farm in Mason County in northern Kentucky, and she lived most of her
life in that area. She was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association (KERA) as well as the Women's Christian Temperance Union,
and she served as a travelling speaker for KERA (see the President's Report for 1915-16, https://exploreuk.uky.edu/catalog/xt70vt1gmg8v_9)
and was the founding President of Mason County Woman Suffrage Association (see her 1913 report in the KERA Convention minutes at
https://exploreuk.uky.edu/catalog/xt7d251fn229_25?). When she passed away in 1951, her funeral was held in Germantown Christian Church and she was buried in the cemetery nearby, called Maple Grove. It is important to note for Kentuckians who are familiar with this name, that she is not the same person who founded Alice Lloyd College in Knott County.


Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Sarah Gibson Humphreys

Sarah Gibson Humphreys (1830-1907) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. Humphreys frequently wrote publicly about her suffrage beliefs and her papers were often included in the KERA conventions. She was especially concerned with the campaign to raise the age of consent in Kentucky. She was born in Louisiana to parents with Kentucky connections, and as an adult split her time between her Woodford County, Kentucky home and her properties in Louisiana. She is buried in the Lexington Cemetery in Section K, Lot 7.


Associated Organization: Henry Clay Memorial Foundation
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Ashland, The Henry Clay Estate
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Childhood home of Madeline McDowell Breckinridge. Often used for KERA and FERA social events.
Years of Importance:1792-1879
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

 Childhood home of Madeline McDowell Breckinridge. Breckinridge was an active social reformer throughout her adult life, and woman suffrage was one of many causes she would champion. Historic marker #1876 stands on the property to commemorate Breckinridge's work for reform.  She served as President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association (KERA) from 1912-1915 and 1919-1920. Ashland was often used for social events during the KERA conventions as well as for Fayette County ERA gatherings.


County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Caroline A. Leech Home
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of Caroline A. Leech

Caroline A. Leech was a leading suffragist in Louisville, who also played a prominent role in the Kentucky Equal Rights Association.


Associated Organization: Kentucky State Parks
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: White Hall
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Childhood home of Laura Clay.
Years of Importance:1792-1879
, Years of Importance:1880-1894

Childhood home of suffragist sisters Mary Barr Clay, Sallie Clay Bennett, Laura Clay, Annie Clay Crenshaw - Susan B. Anthony visited here when touring Kentucky.

Laura Clay was a founding member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and served as President of the organization from 1888-1912. She was also active at a local level, acting as President of the Fayette Equal Rights Association, and on a national scale as a member and officer of the NAWSA. Clay became the face of the woman suffrage movement in Kentucky.


Associated Organization: First Unitarian Church of Lousiville
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: First Unitarian Church
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Catt and Anthony spoke on suffrage at the First Unitarian Church in Lousiville in 1895 during an organizing tour of the South.
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Associated Organization: Louisville Free Public Library, Main Library
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Louisville Free Public Library
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Louisville suffragists frequently used the Public Library for chapter meetings and public forums during the years from 1908 to 1923.

Associated Organization: St. James African Methodist Episcopal Church
County: Boyle
Name of Historic Site: St. James African Methodist Episcopal Church
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Mary E. Britton gave a speech on suffrage before the Colored Teachers Association at this location on July 7, 1887.
Years of Importance:1880-1894

Mary E. Britton was a physician and activist in Lexington. She was one of the first African American women to graduate from Berea College, where she earned her teaching degree. She continued her education and became a licensed physician, becoming the first African American woman in Lexington with this distinction.


Associated Organization: Kings Way Church
County: Boyd
Name of Historic Site: Christian Church of Ashland
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Church building designed by architect and suffrage supporter Laura White. It was also the site of a speech by Laura Clay in 1901, after which the Ashland Equal Rights Association was organized.
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Laura White was a native Clay County, born near Manchester. She received as education as an architect, an uncommon profession for women in the nineteenth century. She was also a supporter of suffrage, and a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association.


County: Bell
Name of Historic Site: Middlesboro Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Stella Thomson Helburn

Helburn (1873-1955) was the secretary of the Bell County Equal Rights Association, a local of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1915.


County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Ben Ali Theatre (no longer standing)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: In April 1915 the Fayette County Equal Rights Association hosted the English suffrage leader Mrs. Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence, a prominent member of the Women’s International League for Peace and publisher of "Votes for Women"
Years of Importance:1912-1920

In April 1915 the Fayette County Equal Rights Association hosted at the Ben Ali Theatre the English suffrage leader Mrs. Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence, a prominent member of the Women’s International League for Peace and publisher of "Votes for Women" in England. She was on a speaking tour in the U.S. on behalf of the United Suffragists and was dedicated to connecting woman suffrage to the international peace movement. She and her husband were arrested in 1912 for conspiracy after a public demonstration led by the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) that involved breaking windows. After their release from prison, the Pethick-Lawrences publicly broke with Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughter Christabel because of their disagreement over the more radical forms of activism. She and Lexington-native Sophonisba Breckinridge attended the Women's Peace Congress at the Hague soon after leaving Lexington.


Associated Organization: N/A
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Phoenix Hotel (no longer standing)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: 1915 annual meeting of the Fayette County Equal Rights Association
Years of Importance:1912-1920

On September 13-15, 1915 the Fayette County Equal Rights Association held their annual meeting in the Phoenix Hotel.

Elected officers:

  • President, Mrs. E.L. Hutchinson, 631 East Main Street
  • First Vice President, Mrs. F.O. Young, 257 South Limestone
  • Second Vice President, Mrs. W.D. Frake, 140 Barr Street
  • Third Vice President, Mrs. W.F. Clore, 265 South Ashland Avenue
  • Treasurer, Mrs. Curry Tunis, 442 Fayette Park
  • Secretary, Miss Margaret Preston, Hampton Court

They organized suffrage talks to be made in Woodford County district schools, Lexington universities and schools. Reports indicated that the speakers heard that year were Sue Helen Ring Robinson, Mrs. Desha (Madeline McDowell) Breckinridge, Mrs. E.L. (Jessie) Hutchinson, Mrs. Clarence Le Bus, Mr. Walter Millard, and Mrs. Harrison Gardner [Elizabeth Dunster Gibson] Foster.

The following delegates were appointed to go to Atlantic City for the NAWSA convention on October 21: Laura Clay, Ida W. Harrison, Mrs. E.S. Scott, and Mrs. Elizabeth Searles Spanton.


Associated Organization: Private residence
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Private residence of Desha and Madeline McDowell Breckinridge (no longer extant)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: As President of KERA, she had many visiting speakers stay with her here while in Lexington.
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920
, Years of Importance:1920-present

This was the site that once held the private residence of Desha Breckinridge (editor of the Lexington Herald) and his wife Madge.

 
On November 23, 1920, a servant found Madge unconscious where she had fallen in her home - a blood clot in an artery in the brain was diagnosed. Se died at home on Thanksgiving Day, November 25th, at the age of forty-eight. Her funeral was held at Ashland and she was buried in the Lexington Cemetery.
 

Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Mary Barr Clay, Section J, Lot 6
Years of Importance:1920-present
, Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912

Mary Barr Clay (1839-1924) was one of the first leaders of the suffrage movement in Kentucky, joining the movement in the 1870s and founding the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. She remained involved in the push for suffrage with her leadership roles in the national suffrage organizations (AWSA and NWSA, then the NAWSA) until the early twentieth century. Clay's grave is in Section J, Lot 6 (see cemetery driving map online).


Associated Organization: BBB of Louisville, Southern Indiana, & Western Kentucky
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Mrs. Augustus Schacher Home
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Denied a table at the Kentucky Educational Association meeting in 1913, KERA set up an exhibit in a nearby front yard.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

At this location suffragists used the Schacher front yard to promote the suffrage cause at during the Kentucky Educational Association meeting.


Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Frances E. Beauchamp
Years of Importance:1920-present
, Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912

Madison County native Frances E. Beauchamp (1857-1923) was a leader in social reform and a popular lecturer on temperance. In 1886 she joined the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and in the fall of that year was made corresponding secretary for Kentucky. The following year she was appointed superintendent of juvenile work for Kentucky. In 1894 she was made one of the recording secretaries of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and in 1895 was elected president of the Kentucky Woman's Christian Temperance Union which she led until her death in 1923. She chaired Kentucky's Prohibition party for ten years, and her work at the national level assured ratification of the 18th Amendment. She was a close friend to the woman suffrage movement and help to smooth over any issues that were raised by other prohibitionist leaders against the suffrage activists. She is buried in Section I-1, Lot 67 (see Cemetery Map online here).


Associated Organization: Kentucky Historical Society
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Old State Capitol
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: First statewide suffrage law passed in February1838 for implementation with the new Common School law
Years of Importance:1792-1879

On February 16, 1838, Kentucky passed the first statewide woman suffrage law (since New Jersey revoked women's right to vote in 1807) – allowing female heads of household to vote in elections deciding on taxes and local boards for the new county “common school” system. The law exempted the cities of Louisville, Lexington and Maysville since they had already adopted a system of public schools. The legislature at this time was meeting in the Old State Capitol - which was relatively new then since construction finished in 1830.

"Sec. 37. Be it further enacted, That any widow or feme sole, over twenty-one years of age, residing and owning property subject to taxation for school purposes, according to the provisions of this act, in any school district, shall have the right to vote in person or by written proxy; and any infant residing and owning property, subject for taxation for school purposes, according to the provisions of this act, in any school district, shall have the right to vote by his or her guardian (Sec. 37, page 282)."

NOTE: in Sec 36 above this part of the law, the poll tax to support the new public school system is expressed as levied on "every white male inhabitant, over twenty-one years of age in each district..." however, the suffrage section of this act is not expressly limited to white females.

 


Associated Organization: Kentucky Office of Historic Properties of the Finance and Administration Cabinet
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Kentucky Capitol Building
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: In 1920 Kentucky ratified the Susan B. Anthony Amendment and also passed a statewide law granting presidential suffrage to women
Years of Importance:1920-present

On January 6, 1920, Kentucky became the 23rd state to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment, which stated: "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex." This took place in the new Kentucky Capitol building that had opened in 1910, and was the result of many years of lobbying by Kentucky activists determined to win their right to vote.

Then on March 29th, and with the leadership of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association (KERA) standing around him (seen here in an iconic photograph - names of the women still need to be identified), Governor Edwin P. Morrow signed a bill giving women in Kentucky Presidential suffrage. Despite the fact that Kentucky ratified the Nineteenth Amendment in January, the fate of the amendment is still in question, since one state was still needed to ratify it. This state law guaranteed that Kentucky women would be able to vote in the November 1920 Presidential election, regardless of the status of the federal amendment. Even though KERA (and Governor Morrow) opposed a state constitutional amendment - a goal that Laura Clay, with funding from her sister Sallie Clay Bennett, continued to lobby for - the General Assembly moved forward with a statewide suffrage bill.

 


Associated Organization: n/a
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Phoenix Hotel (no longer standing)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: 28th annual Kentucky Equal Rights Association convention was held at the Phoenix Hotel in Lexington, Nov 30-Dec 1, 1917
Years of Importance:1912-1920

The 28th annual Kentucky Equal Rights Association convention was held at the Phoenix Hotel in Lexington November 30 through December 1, 1917.

Tea on Friday was hosted by the Fayette County Equal Rights Association at the Y.M.C.A.; and that night there was a joint meeting with the Eastern Kentucky Educational Association featuring Mrs. Nellie McClung of Canada as the suffrage speaker, introduced by Madeline McDowell Breckinridge. On Saturday after committe work, a luncheon featured Mrs. McClung, as well as the Hon. Jeanette Rankin and Mrs. Breckinridge as speakers. The Central Kentucky Woman’s Club joined with KERA to for their program on Saturday afternoon.

A total of 66 delegates and members of the Board were present – President Christine Bradley South’s report indicated four new clubs formed, Laura Clay and Mrs. Harry Whiteside went to New York and aided in the campaigning there. Letters have been sent from State HQ to every member of the legislature of 1918 as well as personal interviews. “Sentiment is vastly changed and it seems now that this session will look kindly upon suffrage legislation (11).”

Officers for the year are: Christine Bradley South of Frankfort (President), Jessie Leigh Hutchinson of Lexington (First Vice President), Laura Clay of Lexington (Second Vice President), Caroline Leech of Louisville (Third Vice President), Elise Bennett Smith of Richmond (Corresponding Secretary), Virginia Robb McDowell of Louisville (Recording Secretary), Rebecca R. Judah (Treasurer), Mrs. Joseph Alderson of Middlesboro (Auditor), Josephine Post of Paducah (Member of NAWSA Executive Committee), and Julia D. Henning of Louisville (Chairman of Congressional Work). Plans to work for a federal amendment and state amendment granting suffrage are both presented, and the organization ultimately focuses on the federal. At this convention there is also a focus on patriotic work for the "war to end all wars."

Local reports were received from: Clark County, Crittenden County, Fayette County, Franklin County, Fulton County, Grayson County, Hardin County, Irvington, Kenton County, LaRue County, Madison County, Mason County, Middlesboro, Pulaski County, Scott County and Shelby County. In the Fayette ERA report was an interesting strategy combining patriotic work with suffrage campaigning - they printed pencils to be donated the to Red Cross and Y.W.C.A. to be put in the comfort bags for the Army and Navy:

"For the long, long day,
For the taxes we pay,
We want something to say,
VOTES FOR WOMEN."


Associated Organization: n/a - the Neighborhood House moved to its current location, 201 N. 25th Street, in the 1940s
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Neighborhood House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: In 1913 Beach spent the winter as a resident of Neighborhood House, joining other educated activists providing services to a poor neighborhood and researching social problems; she moved there permanently in 1914.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Established in September 1896 at Preston and Jefferson Streets in Louisville, Neighborhood House was one of the first settlement houses in Kentucky. In 1901 they moved to 428 South First Street to a house donated by Mrs. W.B. Belknap and became incorporated in 1902. It expanded into a community center and playground serving children and immigrant families from the surrounding low-income neighborhoods. Some of the social service workers lived in the building.

According to Dr. Ann Allen's biosketch, Cornelia Alexander Beach spent the winter of 1913 as a resident of Neighborhood House, and then moved there permanently in 1914 to live - she also took a teaching position in Louisville. Beach joined the National Woman's Party and travelled to Washington DC in August 1917 to join the protesters in front of the White House. She, along with Lucy Burns and eight other protesters, was arrested at the east gate of the White House on August 28th. She was released on a $100 bond.

In 1925 a large factory building nearby was bought to be used as a boy's club building, named the Lucy Belknap Memorial Building. None of the buildings or playground associated with this period of the Neighborhood House history can be seen today.


Associated Organization: n/a - the original office building is no longer standing (currently a business, GLI Food Services)
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: National Baptist Convention Foreign Mission Board office site (building no longer extant)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Location where Burroughs created the National Baptist Woman's Convention, the largest organization for black women in the U.S.

Nannie Helen Burroughs of Washington DC worked part-time for the new National Baptist Convention (NBC) Foreign Mission Board, and when the NBC moved its offices to Louisville, Kentucky in 1898, she took a full-time job with the corresponding secretary, Lewis G. Jordan. In Louisville, she founded a club, the Association of Colored Women, which began offering night classes in business and home economics. She began studying business at the recently opened industrial school, Eckstein Norton University, in Cane Springs near Louisville. In 1900 at an annual meeting of the NBC in Virginia, she gave her speech "How the Sisters are Hindered from Helping." Her former teacher, Mary Virginia Cook-Parrish of Kentucky was also at this meeting and together they worked to found the National Baptist Women's Convention. This launched the Women’s Auxiliary of the NBC and Burroughs traveled throughout the U.S. on their behalf and organized twelve societies. By 1907 the membership of the Women's Convention grew to 1.5 million - the largest organization for black women in the U.S. In the 1910 US Census, Burroughs is listed in the building with Lewis Jordan who is the head of the "household" and his job is mission work.  Burroughs lists her occupation in the census as Secretary of the National Baptist Woman's Convention.

Writing for The Crisis in 1915, Burroughs emphasized that too many African-American men had squandered their voting rights in going along with ward bosses or taking bribes from white employers to vote against their own interests. She argued that black women needed the vote to advance their own interests as well as to support their race overall.


Associated Organization: Private residence
County: Woodford
Name of Historic Site: Home of Josephine Henry
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Where Mrs. Henry drafted many of her suffrage-related essays and speeches
Years of Importance:1792-1879
, Years of Importance:1880-1894
, Years of Importance:1894-1912

Josephine Williamson married in 1868 Capt. William Henry, a former Confederate soldier and principal of a school for boys in Versailles. She and Laura Clay founded the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1888, and became a featured speaker for the KERA across the state. She was the Prohibition Party candidate for clerk of the Kentucky Court of Appeals in 1890 and 1894, and thus became the first woman in the South to run a public campaign for a state office. In the 1890s, she worked with KERA to lobby the legislature for various reforms - the most important for her was the passage of the 1894 Woman's Property Act. She was the first woman to run for statewide office in Kentucky and is credited with passage of the 1894 Kentucky Married Woman’s Property Act. On November 14, 1897, Mrs. Henry was nominated as the Prohibition Party candidate for president. 

Josephine and her husband, Captain William Henry, lived at this home that originally was part of a larger plot of land - they called it the "Home Place" to differentiate it from another building they owned where Captain Henry had originally located his Academy for Boys (now 246 Montgomery Avenue). In 1880, the Henrys began to offer a co-ed academy, and Josephine Henry was the "Principal Musical Department." At least by 1889, the Henry Academy is located at their home (now 210 Montgomery Avenue) - this is the house, complete with a cupola then, that is in the photograph in the newspaper that featured the Henry Academy on September 6, 1889. The property around the house was largely undeveloped and eventually they sold parcels over the years to homeowners. For example, the Henrys bought the lot for 224 Montgomery Avenue in 1875 and sold it in 1900 to Victoria Gray and Irvin Railey. The Railey's built the house that now stands there.Josephine Henry died at the age of 84 on January 8, 1928, in her home after suffering a stroke in the year before.


Associated Organization: The Seelbach Hilton Louisville
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Seelbach Hotel
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Site of KERA conventions in 1911 and 1919, also site for the National American Woman Suffrage Association convention in 1911.
Years of Importance:1894-1912
, Years of Importance:1912-1920

The Seelbach was the site of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association 
convention of 1911 (October 25th) and of 1919 (March 11-12), as well as 
the site of the annual meeting of the National American Woman Suffrage 
Association, October 19-25, 1911.


Associated Organization: 4th Street Live/Gordon Biersch Brewery Restaurant
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Old Opera House (later the Kaufman-Straus department store)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Site of the 1881 meeting of the American Woman Suffrage Association
Years of Importance:1880-1894

This was the 11th Annual Meeting of the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) held on October 26 and 27, 1881. This was the first time Louisville hosted a national suffrage event - and the first in the South. Organized by AWSA President Lucy Stone and Mary Barr Clay (who became AWSA president in 1883) at the home of Mary Jane Warfield Clay in Lexington. The convention gathered many who were curious about the suffrage movement, and it also gave birth to Kentucky's first suffrage organization (and the first in the South), the Kentucky Woman Suffrage Association.


Associated Organization: The Seelbach Hilton Louisville
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Seelbach Hotel
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: On March 29, 1920, at the Seelbach Hotel, Governor Morrow will sign a bill granting Kentucky women Presidential suffrage.

While the 19th amendment was ratified in Kentucky in January of 1920, by the time the legislative session was ending in March, another state was still needed to make the amendment official. A bill to grant women Presidential suffrage in Kentucky was passed so that women would be able to vote in the Presidential election that November, regardless of the state of the 19th amendment.


Associated Organization: N/A
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Ben Ali Theatre (no longer standing)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Fayette County Equal Rights Association invited the economist and author Mrs. Charlotte Gilman Perkins to speak in Lexington on November 3, 1913
Years of Importance:1912-1920

The Fayette County Equal Rights Association invited the economist and author Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman to speak in Lexington November 3, 1913. Mrs. Gilman was best known for her 1898 book, Women and Economics: A Study of the Economic Relation Between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Evolution. She also wrote a popular book of suffrage songs and poems that was published in 1911. She had recently returned from the seventh conference of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance which had met that year in Budapest, Hungary. The Ben Ali Theatre, built by horseman James Ben Ali Haggin to seat 1500 patrons, had opened in September of that same year across from the popular Phoenix Hotel. The building was originally designed for theatre and vaudeville acts, and included a balcony where blacks were to seated. By 1915 it had became primarily a movie house. In 1965, after protests led by the local CORE chapter and the passing of Kentucky’s Civil Rights bill, the theatre was closed and torn down to be replaced by a parking garage - and now is the site of the Fayette County Courthouse plaza.


Associated Organization: Lexington Fayette Urban County Government
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Cheapside Park, next to the old Fayette County Court House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Fayette County Equal Rights Association's Suffrage Parade, 6 May 1916
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Site of speech concluding a Suffrage Parade on the morning of May 6, 1916, in Lexington, Kentucky. The nearly 1000 marchers of men, women and children had started at Gratz Park, marched from Third Street to Broadway, south on Broadway to Main Street to the Union Station and back west again to Cheapside. There, the crowds heard a speech by suffrage orator Walter J. Millard. See more about the parade on the KWSP blog, and a transcript of the Lexington Herald newspaper article covering the event is available also. Below is a postcard, courtesy of the Kentucky Historical Society, showing a busy County Court Day in Lexington's Cheapside sometime in the early 20th century.


Associated Organization: Currently a multi-owned private residence, condominiums
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: The Arts Club
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Site for Kentucky Equal Rights Association statewide meeting, October 24-25, 1912
Years of Importance:1912-1920

 The twenty-third annual convention of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association is held in the Arts Club Building in Lexington. At this meeting Madeline McDowell Breckinridge is elected president - a position that had been held by Laura Clay since the organization's founding in 1888. The special guest keynote speaker that year was Mrs. Ella S. Stewart of Chicago. The Arts Club Building still stands at 441 West Second Street in Lexington (seen here on a 3D view of a Bing map). A postcard from the early 20th century shows its stately entrance (see the image online in the Ronald Morgan Postcard Collection at the Kentucky Historical Society). You can read the Convention's report online via the Kentucky Digital Library, courtesy of the University of Kentucky Special Collections and Research Center.


Associated Organization: University of Kentucky
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Main Building, Kentucky State College (now University of Kentucky)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: The former presidential nominee for the Equal Rights Party gave a lecture on "The Woman of To-Day"
Years of Importance:1880-1894

On February 20, 1885, the Union Literary Society of State College (now the University of Kentucky) hosted a lecture by Mrs. Belva Ann Lockwood. (You can see a photo of the all-male members of the Union Literary Society around that time here in the Kentucky Digital Library). Women had not been allowed to attend the college until 1880, and then only in the "Normal Department" for teacher education - women were not allowed to earn degrees at State College until 1888. So, it was during this transition time for co-education that the administration allow for the group to recruit Mrs. Lockwood to speak on campus at 8 p.m. on a Friday evening. A leader in woman’s rights and suffrage as well as the National Equal Rights Party’s presidential nominee in 1884 and 1888, Lockwood titled her address “The Woman of Today.”  The event was well-advertised and supported by the recently created Fayette County Equal Rights Association.  The lecture was viewed by local newspapers as a “major cultural and intellectual event.”  Held in the campus chapel within the Main Building (later known as the Administration Building) the event was packed with students and Lexington’s prominent citizens. See coverage in the Lexington Daily Press, February 17-21, 1885.


Associated Organization: University of Kentucky
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Patterson Hall, Women's Dormitory
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Equal Rights Association formed by 24 university women under the direction of Mrs. Louise Becker of Louisville
Years of Importance:1912-1920

 After many years of lobbying by the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, women at the State University in Lexington finally got access to campus housing in 1904. Patterson Hall was built for this purpose and was the first of the University's buildings to be constructed off of the main campus existing at that time. Kate Meriwether Barker (wife of the university's president at the time) served as the Dean of Women and lived in the dormitory when the Philosophian Literary Society organized an Equal Rights Association in March 1915 (see the KWSP Timeline entry on this). Mrs. Louis Becker came from the Louisville Woman Suffrage Association to support the students in their creation of the group. Marie Louise Michot of Louisville (see her yearbook photo) was elected president of the UK ERA; Julia Van Arsdale, vice-president; and, Jacqueline Hall, secretary.


Associated Organization: Private residence
County: Jefferson
Name of Historic Site: Private residence of J. Spurgeon and J. Wesley Walling
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: This home is where Mrs. Walling, a famous orator and political activist, lived out the latter part of her life "in quiet seclusion"
Years of Importance:1920-present
, Years of Importance:1792-1879

 Famous as a great patriot and orator during and after the Civil War, Mrs. Walling gave speeches on equal rights and universal suffrage while being billed as "The Banished Heroine of the South" --when introduced by Horace Greeley to a large audience in Cooper Institute, he declared her "the greatest female speaker of the age." She spoke in large cities in the North, and on 10th May 1866, the U.S. Senate passed a resolution to have her speak from the Senate floor - never done by a woman before and not to be seen again until later in the twentieth century. She came to live in Louisville later in life to be with her sons, and after living in relative seclusion, died at home at 86 years of age.


Associated Organization: Western Kentucky University
County: Warren
Name of Historic Site: Van Meter Hall, administration building while Cherry was president
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Annual contest awarding $10 prize for best equal rights essay written by a student at a Kentucky college or university
Years of Importance:1912-1920

With the urging of Lida Calvert Obenchain (wife of a mathematics professor at the predecessor to Western Kentucky University and a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association), President Henry Hardin Cherry of the Western Kentucky State Normal School took a stand to support the cause of Kentucky woman suffrage. In 1913 he agreed to participate in an annual contest that would award $10 for the best equal rights essay written by a student; and, later that summer he was one of several prominent local leaders who signed a petition to Congress. He also invited Madeline McDowell Breckinridge (then president of the KERA) to speak on suffrage at Western.

 


Associated Organization: Kentucky Equal Rights Association
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Merrick Lodge Building
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Site for Kentucky Equal Rights Association statewide meetings
Years of Importance:1912-1920

Two statewide conventions of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association were held here at the Merrick Lodge Building in Lexington: the seventh Convention (October 24-26, 1894) and the eleventh Convention (December 11-12, 1899). This large meeting space, one block north of Main Street on the corner of West Short and North Limestone (old Maysville Road), was built by architect Henry A. Tandy who owned the African-American business, The Tandy and Byrd Construction Company, which had also built several notable structures including the old Fayette County Courthouse.


Associated Organization: Christian County Suffrage League
County: Christian
Name of Historic Site: The Avalon assembly hall (no longer standing)
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Christian County Suffrage League is launched on April 16, 1914
Years of Importance:1912-1920

The Christian County Suffrage League was formed at a public meeting in Hopkinsville on April 16, 1914. The "large crowd" at the new assembly hall opened only a year before, The Avalon, was addressed by Judge W.P. Winfree, Miss Lily Ray Glenn of NAWSA and KERA, and Judge William T. Fowler. On Friday, the members of the new league met again in the Avalon and elected Mrs. William T. (Ila Earle) Fowler, president, Mrs. A.R. Kasey, vice-president, Miss Martha Kelly, secretary, and Mrs. Ed C. Gray, treasurer (Meacham, 367). Mrs. Fowler submitted their report to the Kentucky Equal Rights Association in 1914 about their founding. The club organized a talk by Mrs. Mitchell during the teachers' institute that summer, and Mrs. Breckinridge spoke in June; they had 70 members by that fall. Miss Lily Ray Glenn from the National American Woman Suffrage Association gave her report to the KERA that same year about her recruiting work in Kentucky of that year, ranging from March 5 to November 11, 1914. She was directed in her Kentucky by Madeline McDowell Breckinridge to cover 45 counties in speaking on suffrage and forming suffrage clubs. She organized 27 county organizations in total that year.


Associated Organization: A commercial bank today
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Office of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association, 726 McClelland Building
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Office for Mrs. Breckinridge, both for KERA and for her work with the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis
Years of Importance:1912-1920

The office of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association was at 726 McClelland Building, one of the first two tall buildings in Lexington. See for example the essay contest notice in a University student newspaper The Idea (January 21, 1915) sponsored by the KERA.  Madeline McDowell Breckinridge served as president from 1912 to 1915; she also served as second vice-president of the NAWSA between 1913 and 1915. The daughter of Mary Barr Clay, Mrs. Elizabeth Bennett (wife of T. Jefferson) Smith, took on the presidency in 1915 for only one year before going to work for the NAWSA. Christine Bradley South of Frankfort finished out Smith's term, and then Breckinridge was elected president again in 1919.


Associated Organization: Berea College
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Berea College
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Both Britton sisters, Mary and Julia, attended Berea College and became the first two African American women to graduate from the institution.
Years of Importance:1792-1879
Mary E. Britton and Julia Britton Hooks were sisters born in Kentucky who both worked for social reform, including women's right to vote.

Associated Organization: Lawrence County Government
County: Lawrence
Name of Historic Site: Louisa Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Glenn gave a speech here during her 1914 suffrage tour across Kentucky. She was sent from NAWSA to help organize new suffrage organizations in the state
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Associated Organization: Eastern Kentucky University
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Eastern Kentucky State Normal School
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: In May of 1911, Madeline McDowell Breckinridge spoke on school suffrage at this location.
Years of Importance:1894-1912
Madeline McDowell Breckinridge was the President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1912-1915 and 1919-1920.

Associated Organization: Bernard Hall Farm
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Homelands/Samuel Bennett House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Birth place of Belle Harris Bennett
Years of Importance:1792-1879, 1880-1894
Bennett (1852-1922) was a member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and beyond her work championing woman suffrage, she was also active in church reform.

Associated Organization: Lindsey Wilson College
County: Adair
Name of Historic Site: Lindsey Wilson Chapel
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Firth gave a speech here in August of 1914, during an organizing tour of the state.
Years of Importance:1894-1912
Jessie Firth was a suffragist from Covington who went on an organizing tour of Kentucky in 1914 for the Kentucky Equal Rights Association. She was a member of this organization and would serve as one of it's Vice-Presidents. She is also known as Mrs. Charles Firth.

Associated Organization: Ashland Cemetery
County: Boyd
Name of Historic Site: Ashland Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Celia M. Freeman
Years of Importance:1920-Present
Celia M. Freeman (1881-1959) was the President of the Ashland Equal Rights Association in 1913. Her address is listed in the convention minutes as 34th and Winchester Avenue. She is also known as Mrs. C.M. Freeman.

Associated Organization: Madison County Government
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Madison County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: The annual convention of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association was held at the courthouse in Richmond many times, including the years 1890, 1892, 1895, 1898, 1907, and 1908.
Years of Importance:1880-1894, 1894-1912

Associated Organization: Madison County Government
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Madison County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: While in Kentucky during 1897 to help organize the state, DeVoe presented a lecture at the courthouse in Richmond.
Years of Importance:1894-1912

Associated Organization: Anderson County Sheriff's Office
County: Anderson
Name of Historic Site: Anderson County Court House
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Site of a 1914 debate on suffrage between Anderson County High School and Mercer County High School arranged by the Anderson County Equal Rights Association.
Years of Importance:1912-1920

County: Boyd
Name of Historic Site: Elliott Hall
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of Mary Elliott Flanery
Flanery was the first women from Kentucky to serve in the state House of Representatives. She held this position from 1921-1923. There is a historic marker commemorating Flanery at this location as well.

Associated Organization: Kentucky Historical Society
County: Franklin
Name of Historic Site: Old State Capitol
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: In 1872, Cutler and Longley spoke at a hearing before the legislature.
Years of Importance:1792-1879
Cutler and Longley were both representatives from national suffrage organizations sent to help advance the suffrage cause in Kentucky.

Associated Organization: Lexington Cemetery
County: Fayette
Name of Historic Site: Lexington Cemetery
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Burial place of Madeline McDowell Breckinridge
Years of Importance:1920-Present
Breckinridge was an active social reformer throughout her adult life, and woman suffrage was one of many causes she would champion. She served as President of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association from 1912-1915 and 1919-1920. She is buried in Section D, Lot 9.

County: Kenton
Name of Historic Site: Eugenia B. Farmer Home
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Home of Eugenia B. Farmer, a prominent member of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association and the Kenton County Equal Rights Association.
Years of Importance:1880-1894

Associated Organization: Kentucky Historical Marker Program
County: Boyd
Name of Historic Site: Historic Marker #2136
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Marker commemorating Flanery's work for suffrage and her appointment to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1921. She was the first woman in Kentucky to hold a position in the legislature.
Years of Importance:1912-1920, 1920-Present

Associated Organization: Madison County Government
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Madison County Courthouse
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Anthony gave multiple speeches in Richmond, including one at the courthouse in 1879. Her visit was arranged by Mary Barr Clay, and helped to spur the founding of the Madison County Equal Rights Association.
Years of Importance:1792-1879

Associated Organization: Kentucky Historical Marker Program
County: Madison
Name of Historic Site: Historic Marker #1872
Event(s) / Use Associated With Historic Site: Marker commemorating Beauchamp's work for reform causes including prohibition and woman suffrage.
Years of Importance:1880-1894 1894-1912 1912-1920