Author: Murray, Judith Sargent
Title: "On the Equality of the Sexes"
Publisher: The Massachusetts Magazine, or, Monthly Museum Concerning the Literature, History, Politics, Arts, Manners, Amusements of the Age,, Volume II (1790): 132-226. This version was published as part of the BUILD-A-BOOK Initiative at the Celebration of Women Writers through the work of: Laura Dziuban and Mary Mark Ockerbloom.
Judith Sargent Murray (1751-1820) wrote this foundational essay during the creation of the United States and helped establish the reasoning and purpose for what has come to be known as the "Republican Motherhood." Murray argued that education for women is crucial in developing a new nation's economy and a political democracy. In 1973 feminist scholar Alice Rossi used this essay as the first in her collected series of primary sources, The Feminist Papers, that defined the American women's rights movement.