CFP (AAA 2020): Ecologies of Urban Mutuality (May 12 Deadline)

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AAA 2020 CFP: Call for Papers for the Annual Meetings of the American Anthropological Association (St Louis, MO, Nov 18-22, 2020) 

Panel Title: Ecologies of Urban Mutuality: Reframing Rights, Scarcity, and Accumulation in the City

Conveners: Shreyas Sreenath (Bowdoin College) and Daniel Thompson (University of California, Merced) 

What forms of urban politics come into relief if we foreground cities as sites of excessive relationalities, rather than scarce rights? How might an ethics of mutuality prefigure the demand for rights in urban polities? Since the 1970s, approaches to social and economic justice in urban theory have coalesced around the theme of “the right to the city” (Harvey 2009; 2013; Lefebvre 1996). The problematic of rights brings into view important struggles to organize and protect public space (Low 2000; Peterson 2006), practices of appropriating street and market sites in order to make a living in the face of exclusionary policies (Bayat 2012; Bhimji 2010; Grant and Thompson 2015), and the more general possibilities of civic engagement and protest in cities as key sites in today’s financialized global economy (Leitner and Strunk 2014). Yet even as urban inhabitants mobilize a universalist discourse of “rights,” their understandings and enactments come nested in relations that far exceed abstractions of civil society and law (Chatterjee 2003, Simone 2004), relations that are situated in infrastructures and ecologies that accrue and retrace sedimented histories of belonging, othering, and coloniality (Anand 2017; Caldeira 2000; Escobar 2004; Quijano and Ennis 2000).  

This panel grapples with two problematics we read in the influential concept of rights to the city. The first problematic is the idea that social justice is universal, rational, and depersonalized—and that in cities, it necessarily involves access to public space and equality of urban residents. In practice, we observe that, even while claiming rights, urban residents claim and control urban space and resources through practices that are personalized, embodied, and networked through caste, ethnic, racial, and gendered geographies (Agard Jones 2013; Jamaal Wright 2020; Lee 2017; Roberts 2016; Sreenath 2019); exceeding conceits of modernist rationality and to demarcate forms of kin and community making that, far from universal, are situated in ecologies that register as Western universalism’s ‘imperial debris’ (Stoller 2013; Tsing 2015). 

The second problematic, which we understand as intimately related to the first, is the way ontologies of scarcity continue to underpin the notion of urban rights, even as urban scarcities come circumscribed in unruly relationalities and toxicities (Chaflin 2017; Fredricks 2018). In such framings, urban space, citizenship, and resources appear in terms of their lack: scarce resources to be distributed among coherent and pre-constituted publics. The panel invites thinking about other political ontologies emergent in urban spaces (de la Cadena 2014; Massey 2005; Tedesco 2014). It opens dialogue on how problematizing scarcity as a social construct invites other understandings of social justice that account for economies of excess, practices of mutuality, enactments of care and speculation, and other means of distributing resources and claims to resources (such as credit and debt) in cities today.

We invite papers that creatively engage with emerging urban political practices, ecologies, and infrastructural relations. The conveners will be presenting papers located in South Asia and the Horn of Africa and we invite papers with any regional focus. Please send a provisional paper title and a 250 abstract to shreyas.sreenath@emory.edu and daniel.thompson@ucmerced.edu by May 12, 2020. 

Works Cited

Agard-Jones, Vanessa. 2013. "Bodies in the System." Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 17 (3): 182-192.

Anand, Nikhil. 2017. Hydraulic City: Water and the Infrastructures of Citizenship in Mumbai. Durham: Duke University Press. 

Bayat, Asef. 2012. “Politics in the City-inside-Out.” City & Society 24 (2): 110–28.

Bhimji, Fazila. 2010. “Struggles, Urban Citizenship, and Belonging: The Experience of Undocumented Street Vendors and Food Truck Owners in Los Angeles.” Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development 39 (4): 455–92.

Chaflin, Brenda. 2017. "‘Wastelandia’: Infrastructure and the Commonwealth of Waste in Urban Ghana." Ethnos 82 (4): 648-671.

Cadena, Marisol de la. 2015. Earth beings: Ecologies of Practice across Andean worlds. The Lewis Henry Morgan lectures. Durham: Duke University Press.

Caldeira, Teresa. 2000. City of Walls: Crime, Segregation, and Citizenship in São Paulo. Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Chatterjee, Partha. 2004. The Politics of the Governed: Reflections on Popular Politics in Most of the World. New York: Columbia University Press.

Escobar, A. 2004. “Beyond the Third World: Imperial Globality, Global Coloniality and Anti-Globalisation Social Movements.” Third World Quarterly, 25(1), 207-230.

Fredericks, Rosalind. 2018. Garbage Citizenship: Vital Infrastructures of Labor in Dakar, Senegal. Durham: Duke University Press.

Grant, Richard, and Daniel Thompson. 2015. “City on Edge: Immigrant Businesses and the Right to Urban Space in Inner-City Johannesburg.” Urban Geography 36 (2): 181–200.

Harvey, David. 2009. Social Justice and the City. Revised edition. Athens and London: The University of Georgia Press.

———. 2013. Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution. London and New York: Verso.

Lee, Joel. 2017. "Odor and Order: How Caste Is Inscribed in Space and Sensoria." Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 37 (3): 470-490.

Lefebvre, Henri. 1996. Writings on Cities. Edited and translated by Eleonore Kofman and Elizabeth Lebas. Oxford and Malden: Blackwell.

Leitner, Helga, and Christopher Strunk. 2014. “Assembling Insurgent Citizenship: Immigrant Advocacy Struggles in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area.” Urban Geography 35 (7): 943–64.

Low, Setha M. 2000. On the Plaza: The Politics of Public Space and Culture. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Massey, Doreen. 2005. For Space. London: Sage Publications. 

Peterson, Marina. 2006. “Patrolling the Plaza: Privatized Public Space and the Neoliberal State in Downtown Los Angeles.” Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development 35 (4): 355–86.

Quijano, Anibal and Ennis, Michael. (2000). “Coloniality of Power, Eurocentrism, and Latin America.” Nepantla: Views from South 1(3), 533-580.

Roberts, Nathaniel. 2016. To Be Cared For: The Power of Conversion and Foreignness of Belonging in an Indian Slum. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Simone, AbdouMaliq. 2004. For the City Yet to Come: Changing Life in Four African Cities. Durham: Duke University Press. 

Sreenath, Shreyas. 2019. “Numbing Machines: Manual Scavenging’s Reconstitution in 21st Century Bengaluru.” Economic and Political Weekly 54 (47): 55-60. 

Stoller, Ann Laura. 2013. Imperial Debris. Durham: Duke University Press.

Tedesco, Delacey. 2012. “The Urbanization of Politics: Relational Ontologies or Aporetic Practices?” Alternatives, 37(4): 331–347.

Tsing, Anna. 2015. The Mushroom at the End of the World: On the Possibility of Life in Capitalist Ruins. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Wright, W.J. 2020. “As Above, So Below: Anti‐Black Violence as Environmental Racism.” Antipode. Early View.