International and Interdisciplinary Symposium. On Covid-19, Global health, science and health security policy.

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Type: 
Symposium
Date: 
February 11, 2022 to February 12, 2022
Location: 
France
Subject Fields: 
Colonial and Post-Colonial History / Studies, Diplomacy and International Relations, Human Rights, Health and Health Care, Humanities

 

 

INTERNATIONAL AND INTERDISCIPLINARY SYMPOSIUM

On Covid-19, Global health, science and health security policy

                    11th and 12th February 2022 (on line and in person)

              At Sorbonne University.  Campus Pierre and Marie Curie.

                                   4 Place Jussieu 75005,  Paris, France.

IN TRIBUTE TO DR. RENAUD PIARROUX[1] FOR HIS SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTION TO THE TRUE ON THE INTRODUCTION OF CHOLERA IN HAITI.
 

In partnership with the Sorbonne University, University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté,  University of the West Indies, The State University of Haïti, University of Quisqueya in Haïti and Fadisma, University of Brazil organize  the international and interdisciplinary symposium on global health, science and health security policy.

Presentation

Health is a topic of foreign policy and diplomacy, it has become not only a tool of power, influence, security and peace in the international relations, but also a key element in trade, geopolitical relations and ideological positions, for states and institutions seeking to gain political power on a global scale[2]. "European states have understood this importance since July 1851 when diplomats, decision-makers, and medical staff had taken measures to reinforce health controls in order to enhance trade of the French and British empires. The covid-19 pandemic, which affects different populations around the world, reminds us the challenges on health, and it also reveals the conflict between science and politics, profit and health, trade and law, human rights and economic or financial interests. The history of other pandemics such as cholera, covid-19, Ebola and others ones show the configuration of globalization, the struggles between the most powerful and less powerful states.

The universal right to health is at the heart of the concerns of the United Nations, which encourages member states to translate into public policies mechanisms that aim “to ensure that no one experiences financial difficulties at receiving health care, implement high-impact health interventions to fight against disease, and protect health of women and children”[3] . The Security Council considers epidemics and pandemics as threats to international or regional peace and security.[4] However, the implementation of responsibilities raises the limits of the commitments, acquired by international organizations. This responsibility is raised by the international responsibility regime (SARS in 2002, cholera in Haiti in 2011, Ebola in 2014 in West Africa)[5]

The relevance of the science appeals to the integrity of actors, who often indulge in genuine ideological inclinations. Science must address its results to serve the public interest. The production of new knowledge requires the involvement of citizens, state and private sector in order to enhance scientific activity. In formerly colonized countries, science must be used to solve fundamental problems. And in Western countries, the science is undoubtedly influenced by the views and interests of powerful States and pressure groups that pursue strategies of power, influence and financial interests. The encounter between Science and politics (science-policies) invite to review the process of creation of scientific knowledge, where the importance of production of new knowledge is paramount.

The handling of covid-19 is revealing the challenges, contradictions, ambiguities of the leaders, who have known different types crisis. They have adopted different management strategies according to their culture and impact of the crisis[6].

In the South, reflection is addressed towards the adoption of mechanisms that aim to reduce massive migration movements that suffer from health care deficiencies (Haitians at the gates of Texas or migrants at the gates of Europe, etc.). On the other hand, It is registered deficiencies in the international instruments to guarantee the health care of migrants, Certainly, there is “the Pact Global for Safe Migration"[7] that is at the heart of migration policies, which take into account the health needs of migrants, but it is not applied fully .

In the North, as shown by the health crisis of COVID-19, the most robust economies are hit by the recession.[8] The priority of rich countries considers only policies oriented to protect to their citizens[9], without questioning the global health, mainly in those poor countries. The principles of equity and reduction of inequalities[10] are forgotten in this new context. Could this new scenario be an elitist conception of the human race?

This symposium brings together contributions that focus on the relationship between global health and science, health diplomacy in the context of globalization, and changes in health security policies. It is also interested in the position of scientific experts, who have decided to reformulate their understanding of global health issues. This conference focuses on the role of ethics in the development of scientific work, and invites to reflect together about the recent global health crises, "health emblem of the XXIst century", and the limits to control epidemics.[11]

The invitation is extended to all interdisciplinary backgrounds

This conference invites to researchers, journalists, academics, political activists, member of Non Governmental Organisations, health care associations such as patients associations, nurses, doctors and health specialists, scientists and free thinkers to reflect about the following topics:

-The assessment of international interventions in vulnerable countries

- The role of science in developed and undeveloped countries

- The global health agenda after the Covid-19 pandemic 

-The use of the health diplomacy to extend political influence
- Open discussion on politics, health, power, corruption and health. 

How to Apply:

Contributors are invited to submit a summary (2 pages maximum) no later than December 15th  2021 to the following email address:

jacques_nesi@hotmail.com, hughenrys@hotmail.com

 Proposals should:
• Be written in French, Spanish or English
• Indicate names and surname, qualifications, author's institutions
 (maximum 3 speakers/ per communication)
 email addresses, postal address and phone number.
•The title of the proposal, objective, abstract, 5 key words and
  a brief bibliography

Format of event:

In person and on line:  11th and 12th February 2022, Paris, France

Organizers:

  • Jacques NESI, Docteur in Political Science. University of the West Indies.  Member  associated to the  Caribbean Social Sciences Laboratory  (LC2S)
  • Jean-Jacques CADET, Professeur at the State University of Haïti and at the University of Quisqueya.
  • Jean-Hugues HENRYS, Doctor in Medicine. Director of the Research Team on Ecology of Infectious and Tropical Diseases (EREMIT), Faculty of Health Sciences, Quisqueya University.

Scientific committee:

  • Anne PENE-ANNETTE, Lecturer in Geography at the University of the West Indies.
  • Dimitri BECHACQ, Researcher at  National Scientific Research Center (CNRS) and the  Caribbean Social Sciences Laboratory.
  • Arnousse BEAULIERE, Doctor in Economics. Researcher at the International Finances and Economics Laboratory (GED-Lare-Efi), University of Bordeaux.
  • Marc-Félix CIVIL, Professor at the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy at the State University of Haïti (UEH).
  • Charles Anthony DAVID, Honorary professor at the University of Quebec in Montreal, Canada.
  • Justin DANIEL, Professor of political science at the University of the West Indies.
  • Daniel DERIVOIS, professor at the University of Bourgogne France-Comté. Laboratory (Psy-DREPI) Relational Dynamics and Identity Processes
  • Stephane DOUAILLER, professor emeritus of philosophy at the University of Paris 8, France.
  • Jean-Paul DURAND, Honorary Dean at the Faculty of Law canonical of the Catholic  Institute of Paris, France.
  •  Dr. Jean-Hugues HENRYS, professor at the University of Quisqueya, Haiti. Research Team  on the Ecology of Infectious and Tropical Diseases (EREMIT)
  • Dr. Joanne LIU, professor at the University of Montreal, Canada.  Former president of  Doctors without borders.
  • Nubia NIETO, Independent Researcher, Mexico-UK, covering Latin-America and Mediterranean  countries. 
  • Ricardo SEITENFUS, Diplomat and Professor at the Faculty of Law at University of the Santa Maria, Brazil (FADISMA)
[1] Dr. Renaud PIARROUX is professor at the Faculty of Medicine of Sorbonne University, researcher at the Pierre Louis Institute of Epidemiology and Public Health, attached to INSERM, and Head of department at the Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital. Author of « Cholera-Haïti 2010-2018, histoire d’un désastre, CNRS éditions,2019, 294p and  « La vague. L’épidémie vue du terrain »,CNRS Editions,2019,241p.

[2] Dominique KEROUEDAN, Joseph BRUNET-JAILLY (Sous la direction de),Santé mondiale, enjeu stratégique, jeux diplomatiques, Paris :Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 2016,p.43.

[3] « Les Etats membres de l’ONU adoptent une déclaration politique sur la santé pour tous, [22 septembre 2019], consulté le [22 décembre 2019] https://news.un.org/fr/story/2019/09/1052242,

[4] Hélène DE POOTER, Aperçu de la coopération internationale en matière de surveillance et de riposte aux épidémies et aux pandémies, p.337. In : Colloque de Rennes,Santé et droit international,Paris,2019, 510 p.

[5] SEITENFUS, Ricardo,Les Nations Unies et le cholera en Haïti : coupables mais non responsables,Port -au-prince, Editions C3,2018, 212p.

[6] David AUTISSIER,Jean-Marie PERETTI, Charles-Henri BESSEYRE DES HORTS,Changement de crise. Les organisations à l’épreuve du covid-19,Paris,Editions Eska, 2020,520p.

[7] Thierry FLEURY GRAFF,Santé et migrations internationales, In : Colloque de Rennes,Santé et droit international,Paris,2019, p.249.

[8] Hua GANS, The Pandemic Information GAP. The brutal Economics of Covid-19,The Mit England Pres, Cambridge, Massachusetts London England.

[9] Sofiane, BOUDHIBA, Covid-19 le retour de la peste, Paris :l’Harmattan,2020, 248p

[10] Dominique KEROUEDAN, « La santé globale, nouveau laboratoire de l’aide internationale ? », Revue Tiers Monde, juillet-septembre 2013, No.215 ,pp.111-127.

[11] Patrick ZYLBERMAN,Tempêtes microbiennes. Essai sur la politique de sécurité sanitaire dans le monde transatlantique, Paris : Gallimard, p.35

 

Contact Info: 

Jacques NESI. 

Contact Email: