The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is pleased to announce the publication of Volume III of the Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945, entitled Camps and Ghettos Under European Regimes Aligned with Nazi Germany, and edited by Geoffrey P. Megargee, Joseph R. White, and Mel Hecker. Published by Indiana University Press, in association with USHMM.
Volume III describes sites under the control of states that worked with Nazi Germany as allies, satellite countries, or independent collaborationist regimes. For a variety of reasons, France, Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, and other such states each undertook the persecution, and often the murder, of people it considered undesirable or threatening. Such target groups included Jews, who were often killed directly or handed over to the Germans. Other victims spanned any number of ethnic or national groups, or political or military opponents. Each state created its own unique mix of detention sites under a variety of agencies, but all with goals that mirrored those of Nazi Germany. From the far north of Finland to France’s west African colonies, this network of sites did its work with little or no input from the Germans. This volume, with its descriptions of the individual sites and broad introductions to the regimes that governed them, adds to our understanding of a system that was truly European in scale, and not solely a German undertaking.