Humans in Motion: War Crisis and Refugees in Europe 1914–1923

Kamil Ruszala Discussion

Humans in Motion: War Crisis and Refugees in Europe 1914–1923


An International Conference and Research Workshop


Kraków, June 29 – July 1, 2022



Institute of History, Jagiellonian University
Milko Kos Historical Institute, Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts

Supported by Research University - Excellence Initiative


Wednesday, 29 June 2022

Venue: Józef Tischner Hall, Collegium Witkowskiego (Gołębia 13)

09:00–09:30 Opening session

Petra Svoljšak (ZRC SAZU) and Kamil Ruszała (Jagiellonian University)


09:30–11:00 Keynote Session:

Peter Gatrell, Europe on the move: further reflections on refugees and refugeedom in the era of the Great War


11:30–12:00 – Coffee break


12:00–13:30 Panel 1: Gender and refugees

Chair: Petra Svoljšak

Anca Doina Cretu (Masaryk Institute and Archives of the CAS), Confinement, Integration, Exclusion: Reconstructing Women’s Experiences in Austria-Hungary’s Refugee Camps during the First World War

Dagmar Wernitznig (Unversity of Ljubljana), Transborder Tragedies and Transgenerational Trauma: Refugeeism and Gender in the Shatter Zones of the North-Eastern Adriatic Region during the Greater War

Ablonczy Balazs (Research Centre for the Humanities), “The greatest injustice in the world”. Female voices of refugeedom, Hungary 1920–1921


13:30–15:00 Lunch break


15:00–16:30 Panel 2: Refugees and cities
Chair: Keely Stauter-Halsted

Kieran Taylor (University of Stirling), Civic Humanitarianism: Glasgow, the Great War and Belgian Refugees

Anna Isaieva (Lund University), A City on the Edge: refugees and the remaking of ethnic and political consciousness in wartime Kyiv

Umit Eser (ATLAS fellow at CETOBaC), End times in the Aegean: Memories of Destruction and Forced Migration from Smyrna


16:30–17:00 – Coffee break


17:00–18:30 Panel 3: “The others”?
Chair: Eriks Jekabsons

Kathryn Densford (Chaminade College), The “Jewish Affair in Windigsteig”: People on the Move in Provincial Lower Austria

Gregor Antoličič (ZRC SAZU), The others – the image of refugees from the Slovenian perspective of the First World War

Victoria Abrahamyan (University of Neuchâtel), Refugees as a great danger for the public health? Armenian refugees between the stereotypes and reality in Syria and Lebanon, 1920-1928


19:00 Reception


Thursday, June 30 2022

Venue: Józef Tischner Hall, Collegium Witkowskiego (Gołębia 13)


09:00–11:00 am Panel 4: Postwar population order

Chair: Kamil Ruszała

Aleksandar Miletic (Institute of Recent History, Serbia), Immigration Controls in the Economic Periphery? East-Central- and Southeast European perspectives, 1918–1924

Bartosz Ogórek (Polish Academy of Sciences), Where did they come from? The composition of the Polish population in 1921 as the result of war-related migratory moves

Keely Stauter-Halsted (University of Illinois at Chicago), Internment Camps and the End of Empire: Refugee Incarceration and the Sorting of Poland’s Post-Imperial Population

Tomas Balkelis (Lithuanian Institute of History, Vilnius), The Lithuanian Council (Taryba) and the mass return of WWI refugees to Lithuania in 1918


11:00–11:15 Coffee break


11:15–13:00 Panel 5: Transition and citizenship

Chair: Bartosz Ogórek

Eriks Jekabsons (University of Latvia), Latvia, the changes of population 1914–1920

Kristine Bekere (University of Latvia), Assistance to Latvian refugees after 1918: involvement of Latvian diaspora

Pierre Purseigle (University of Warwick), Leaving refugeedom behind. Resettlement and reconstruction in Belgium and France, 1914–1923

Anna Mashi (Freiburg University), Statelessness and the sortie de guerre in Germany


13:00–14:30 Lunch break


14:30–16:30 Panel 6: State control and refugees
Chair: Kieran Taylor

Nik Brandal (Oslo New University College), The Sewer of Europe? Political discourse on immigration and the Norwegian Aliens Act of 1915

Eirik Brazier (University College of Southeastern Norway), The stranger at our gate: The Norwegian state’s attempt at defining and controlling refugees and migrants during the First World War

Bohuslav Rejzl (Charles University in Prague), Public health and war refugees in Bohemian lands in 1914–1923

Kassian Lanz (University of Innsbruck), Military pragmatism or ethnicism? Evacuations and deportations in Trentino and Tyrol during WWI


16:30–17:00 Coffee break


17:00–18:30 Panel 7: Ethnicism, nationalism and representation
Chair: Balázs Ablonczy

Dmitar Tasić (Institute for Recent History of Serbia/University of Hradec Kralove), Prisoners of war or refugees? The fate of the Balkan Muslims recruited by the Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire during the Great War

Lidia Zessin-Jurek (Masaryk Institute and Archives of the CAS), “Shall We Rejoin the Nation (złączym się z narodem)?” — Historiography on Post-WWI Refugee Movement in Poland between ‘Native’ and ‘National’ Paradigm

Pieter Trogh (In Flandres Field Museum), Revisioning Belgium’s First World War Exodus from below


18:30-10:00 Closing remarks

Petra Svoljšak and Kamil Ruszała


19:00 Cocktail


Friday, 01 July 2022

Field trip

For programme, project description and conference poster see here: