Who was MacDowell in 1930s Soviet Union?

Robert W. Cherny's picture

Here's a quote from an article by Anna Louise Strong  in the Moscow Daily News, September 5, 1933, p. 2:

"Last autumn MacDowell came back from a trip through North Caucasus . . . Everyone knows Mac--Mac with the Order of Lenin.  And Mac knows farms in all parts of the USSR.  In more than ten years, from Kuzbai to Rostov, he's worked on them, good farms and bad farms of every kind."  

Who was MacDowell?

That probably refers to George G. McDowell, who was a Kansas farmer who helped found the Verblud State Collective Farm & the first U.S. citizen to receive the Order of Lenin. Albert Rhys Williams briefly mentions him in "The Soviets" and Deborah Kay Fitzgerald also notes his work at Verblud in "Every Farm a Factory: The Industrial Ideal in American Architecture" (pg. 167-68).

Subscribers on H-HOAC have identified MacDowell as George MacDowell, an American who lived in the Soviet Union for some fifteen years, working to improve Soviet agriculture.