For four decades after the end of the Second World War, competition between the socialist and capitalist blocs shaped international relations on a global scale. For the main protagonists, the USA, USSR, and their near neighbours in Europe, it was a deferred conflict, but also, paradoxically, a ‘total war’ for which citizens must be ever-vigilant. The aim of this conference is to consider the ‘home fronts’ in those countries deeply implicated in the Cold War but removed from the fighting. How did the Cold War transform domestic politics and culture? What were the limits of the Cold War’s domestic reach? And were there common experiences of the Cold War on both sides of the conflict?