I was reading the 1976 article, "Benjamin Rush and His Insane Son," published in the Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. I became intrigued by this: Rush wrote to a friend that "My eldest son ... has more than once begged me to flog him in preference to confining him" (1319).
How prevalent was confining children as a punishment in the late 18th and early 19th century? Is there literature on this that people could recommend?
[Ed. note (PBK): our friends at H-Childhood would also be a good source on this question.]