Hello. Could someone please tell me what a "dirra" and a "turtur" are? The source is the 12th-century Egyptian "The Utmost Authorityin the Pursuit of Hisba" by ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Nasr al-Shayzari (d. ?1193). … what the muhtasib must do in hisba for the welfare of the general public. Among these things are the whip, the dirra and the turtur. As for the whip, the muhtasib should choose one of middle thickness, neither too thick nor too thin and soft but rather something between the two. This is so
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