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Recent Content

Re: Chazak chazak v'nitchazek

Regarding the question of Joshua Shanes where/when is the origin of the custom for the congregation to respond chazak chazak v'nitchazek at the conclusion of each sefer's reading:
1. Yaakov Shmuel Spiegel, Amirat Hazak ve-Yishar Koah, Bar-Ilan Annual 26-27 (1995), pp.
343-370; Reprinted in Yaakov S. Spiegel, Pitchei Tefillah u-Mo'ed, Elkanah-Rechovot,
Michlelet Orot Yisrael, 2010, pp. 214-241.
2. Daniel Sperber, Minhagei Israel, vol. 1 p. 80 n. 13 and vol. 2, p. 302.
3. Eliyahu Gur Arye, Hikrei Minhagim, vol. 1, p. 126 ff.

CFP: Jewish Educational Leadership

Call for papers


Jewish Educational Leadership invites articles for the Fall 2014 issue focusing on “Defining the Goals”


For the past sixty years the day school was seen by many as the primary vehicle for educating Jewish youth. With significant shifts in the landscape of contemporary Jewry, it is becoming more critical for day schools to define their goals more carefully and demonstrate results. This issue of Jewish Educational Leadership focuses on the goals of day schools, and seeks to address questions such as:

Chazak chazak v'nitchazek

Where/when is the origin of the custom for the congregation to respond chazak chazak v'nitchazek at the conclusion of each sefer's reading? Any scholarly references are especially appreciated. Many thanks.

Joshua Shanes

College of Charleston