H-Education seeks to link participants with shared interests in the history of education, broadly defined as a recognized field covering both formal and informal institutions and processes regarding teaching and learning. We anticipate that our audience will consist of university professors, independent scholars, educators, and graduate students, from diverse fields of study.

Recent Content

New Articles of Interest in the Pacific Historical Review

The Pacific Historical Review recently published the following articles that may interest H-Education list subscribers:


- “‘Happy for John Hay That He Is Dead’: Chinese Students in America and the U.S. Recognition Policy for the Republic of China, 1909-1913,” by Daniel M. DuBois

- ”Indian School, Company Town: Outing Workers from Sherman Institute at Fontana Farms Company, 1907-1930,” by Kevin Whalen


A.M. Degree before the Civil War?

How did one earn an A.M. degree in the United States before the Civil War?  I am researching Marcius Willson (1813-1905), a textbook author who claimed to have an A.M. degree and was called "Professor," but I can only find evidence that he received an A.B. from Union College, Schenectady, NY, in 1836.  He went on to a few other teaching posts at prep schools and academies, but the most advanced post was at Poughkeepsie Collegiate School, where he was listed as a faculty member with an A.B.

Re: A.M. Degree before the Civil War?

It was fairly typical for antebellum colleges to award an M.A. or A.M. based on the graduate's experience (often several years in the ministry) or upon his good character. I seem to recall that this practice was common during Eliphalet Nott's long tenure as president of Union College (1804-1866). Eventually, the practice became somewhat controversial and in the post-Civil War era it was mostly abandoned in favor of earned graduate degrees.