H-Citizenship promotes interdisciplinary research and intellectual exchange about citizenship within a global community of scholars; students; political, community and business leaders; and the general public.

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The racial divide in the United States

     The killing of nine persons at an African Methodist Episcopal Church, a symbol of black spirituality and struggle for social justice, must provoke for African-Americans collective memories of violence, hatred, rejection and exclusion.  From my vantage point in Cuba, I can see that the Cuban people, who also have African blood running in their veins, are shocked by the massacre, and they desire to send their condolences and their solidarity to African-Americans in the United States.