The conference aims at consolidating environmental history as part of the history of Habsburg Empire in the late 19th and early 20th century by exploring various forms of resource exploitation from multiple, but connected, perspectives including ecology, economy, governance and labor. The contributions link environmental-historical concerns into the broader theoretical frame of imperial governance, subject-ruler relations and the expansion of capitalist structures under imperial rule. This is done by providing a platform of exchange for researchers who work on natural resource extraction in different parts of the Habsburg Empire, which encompassed diverse ecologies and positions in the world economy. The diversity of languages in which sources are available, their geographical dispersion and the differences between national historiographies make historical writing on an empire-wide scale a real challenge. For the first time, it will be possible to relate the different research results to each other and discuss them from a supra-regional perspective. Historians and environmental scientists working on the Habsburg Empire will explore multidisciplinary methods that combine environmental history of empire and human ecology. Their approaches will be discussed with Swedish scholars working on other imperial spaces. In that way the workshop promotes cooperation among scholars working on imperial history and strengthens internationalization among Swedish academics.